MorphologicalFeaturesExcludingCases


index

adjutative voice

adjutative voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3844

Identifier: adjutativeVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice for a construction where the subject of the verb is not an agent of the action denoted by the verb but is assisting an unstated agent in performing the action
Source: WP

Example: I helped them build the barn
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3844 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


animacy

animacy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1902

Identifier: animacy   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: The characteristic of a word indicating that in a given discourse community, its referent is considered to be alive or to possess a quality of volition or consciousness.
Source: ISO12620

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


animate

animate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1911

Identifier: animate   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as alive.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1911 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inanimate

inanimate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1952

Identifier: inanimate   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as not living.
Source: ISO12620

Example: chair (it)
Source: Mitre

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Language sections: English, French


other animacy

other animacy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1953

Identifier: otherAnimacy   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as related to animacy, but without specific reference to the previous items.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1953 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


antipassive voice

antipassive voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3845

Identifier: antipassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice in a construction with a transitive verb where the object is deleted
Source: WP

Example: In Basque: Gauza miragarriak ikusirik nago / ikusia naiz (*I am seen wonderful things)
Source: WP

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Language sections: English, French


aorist

aorist; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1240

Identifier: aorist   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Simple past tense that is predominantly used for narration. Both the perfective and the imperfective forms can be used in the aorist without any restrictions.
Source: www.helsinki.fi/~bontchev/grammar/index.html
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


apocope mood

apocope mood; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3843

Identifier: apocopeMood   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: mood expressed by an apocope
Source: Sfax lexicon

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Language sections: English, French


applicative voice

applicative voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3846

Identifier: applicativeVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice which promotes an oblique argument of a verb to the core patient argument and indicates the oblique role within the meaning of the verb
Source: WP

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Language sections: English, French


aspect

aspect; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1242

Identifier: aspect   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Category associated to verbs and referring to the way the grammar marks the duration or type of temporal activity.
Source: Crystal
Note: MAF

Example: I'll phone my mother tomorrow. (The event is planed as a single completed action.) From now on every week I'll phone my mother. (The action is intended to be completed successfully and repeated more than once.) Tomorrow afternoon I'll be preparing myself for the English language test. (The action will be in progress by tomorrow afternoon.)
Source:

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


cessative

cessative; standardized name
accomplished; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2001

Identifier: cessative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Aspect that expresses the cessation of an event or state.
Source: SIL

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Language sections: English, French


imperfective

imperfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1305

Identifier: imperfective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Imperfective aspect is an aspect that expresses an event or state, with respect to its internal structure, instead of expressing it as a simple whole.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

Example: Here are some examples of imperfective aspect: Progressive aspect Example: be + -ing Habitual aspect with Example: used to
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

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Language sections: English, French


inchoative

inchoative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2002

Identifier: inchoative   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Aspect that expresses the beginning of an event or state.
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


perfective

perfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1352

Identifier: perfective   Type: simple   Origin: Gil Francopoulo   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Perfective aspect is an aspect that expresses a temporal view of an event or state as a simple whole, apart from the consideration of the internal structure of the time in which it occurs.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm
Note: MAF

Example: He walked there.This type of construction expresses a temporal view of walk distinct from those expressed in the following constructions: - He was walking there. - He used to walk there
Source: ww.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm

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Language sections: English, French


unaccomplished

unaccomplished; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2217

Identifier: unaccomplished   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: aspect that expresses an event or state that is not finished.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


broken plural

broken plural; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2218

Identifier: brokenPlural   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: plural

Definition: Internal plural that do not have any inflection.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


causative voice

causative voice; standardized name
causative voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3847

Identifier: causativeVoice   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice where the subject causes someone or something else to do or be something
Source:

Example: I caused him to loose his place
Source: SEW

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


circumstantial voice

circumstantial voice; standardized name
circumstantial voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3848

Identifier: circumstantialVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice that promotes an oblique argument of a verb to the role of subject
Source: WP

Note: in Malagasy language

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Language sections: English, French


cliticness

cliticness; standardized name
cliticness; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1903

Identifier: cliticness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Categorization of the different types of clitics.
Source: MultText-East
Note: For instance, for Slovene, cliticness has the following values no=ne yes=da bound=navezna

Example: What's going on? ('s is a clitic.) In French, Je t'aime. (t' is a clitic.)
Source:

Explanation: A clitic is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but shows evidence of being phonologically bound to another word. Clitics functions above the word level syntactically and on the word level phonologically, whereas affixes function at the word level both syntactically and phonologically.
Source: Based on http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACliticGrammar.htm

Note: MAF does not distinguish: proclitic, occurring at the beginning of a morpheme and enclitic, occurring at the end of a morpheme. Some languages also distinguish mesoclitics and endoclitics.

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


bound

bound; standardized name
bound; Source: MAF; data element name
bound clitic; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1933

Identifier: bound   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Linked to a particular element.
Source: MAF

Example: In the English expression "I'm", the enclitic " 'm " is bound to the pronoun "I".
Source: SEW

Explanation: The form of the definition is incomplete: A clitic that is linked to a particular element.
Source: SEW

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Language sections: English, French


definiteness

definiteness; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1926

Identifier: definiteness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property about the possiblity to identify an entity.
Source: MAF
Note: Definiteness in English is generally conveyed through the use of definite determiners, such as "this" or "the". fullArticle and shortArticle are for Bulgarian.

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


definite

definite; standardized name
status emphaticus; admitted name
status determinatus; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2004

Identifier: definite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value referring to the capacity of identification of an entity.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


full article

full article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1928

Identifier: fullArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: For definiteness, when a specific form is the syntactic subject of the clause.
Source: DFKI
Note: For Bulgarian, for instance.

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Language sections: English, French


indefinite

indefinite; standardized name
status absolutus; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2005

Identifier: indefinite   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value related to an entity in a situation where the identification of this entity is not clear cut.
Source:
Note: indefinite is the contrary of definite

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Language sections: English, French


short article

short article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1927

Identifier: shortArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: For definiteness, when a specific form is not the syntactic subject of the clause.
Source: MAF
Note: For Bulgarian, for instance.

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Language sections: English, French


degree

degree; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1419

Identifier: degree   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property concerning comparison.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1419 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


comparative

comparative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1421

Identifier: comparative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Comparative is the comparison where only two entites are involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "better" is comparative, "best" is superlative and "good" is positive.

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Language sections: English, French


positive

positive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1420

Identifier: positive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison relationship when no comparison is involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

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Language sections: English, French


superlative

superlative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1422

Identifier: superlative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison between more than two entities.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

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Language sections: English, French


el inclusion

el inclusion; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2219

Identifier: elInclusion   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Feature for nouns to express the property that the noun may be associated with article el.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For the article "الْ" in Arabic.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2219 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


elative

elative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2220

Identifier: elative   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: value used to qualify someone or something as superior
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: In some languages such as Arabic, the concept of comparative and superlative degree of an adjective are merged into a single form, the elative. Not to be confused with elative case.

Example: The elative of kabir (big) is akbar (bigger/biggest).
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


finiteness

finiteness; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1893

Identifier: finiteness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property referring to finite and non-finite status of a verbal form.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


finite

finite; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1287

Identifier: finite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property applied to a verb form that can occur on its own in an independent sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, all forms except the infinitives and participles are finite. All forms permit contrast in tense and mood.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1287 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


non-finite

non-finite; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1332

Identifier: nonFinite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property related for verb forms occurring on their own only in dependent clauses and lacking tense and mood contrasts.
Source: adapted from Crystal 2003

Example: En. infinitive It took courage to continue after the accident.(En. -ing form) Leaving home can be very traumatic. En. past participle Leave immediately when you are asked to do so.
Source: www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/verbs/xverb3.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1332 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


grammatical gender

grammatical gender; standardized name
grammatical gender; Source: ISO 1262:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1297

Identifier: grammaticalGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Category based on (depending on languages) the natural distinction between sex and formal criteria.
Source: GP

Note: the common value is used for the word combines feminine and masculine [Alternate info from GP, but it needs cleaning up and we need to harmonize a good definition]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1297 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French, German, Italian

Data type: string


common gender

common gender; standardized name
common gender; Source: Morphosyntax set; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1558

Identifier: commonGender   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax set; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: gender used to describe morphological forms that could be either masculine or feminine
Source: agreement on the morphosyntax list with members of TDG-2 + TDG-9 in April 2013
Note: Not all languages have this tradition of having a common value for epicenes. It seems to be the case in Danish and Italian. It is not the case for French.

Example: Although English does not require gender markers, some English nouns are viewed as possessing common gender in the semantic sense. Examples include nouns like spouse, parent, chairperson, etc.
Source: Terminology TDG

Note: The Terminology TDG is not happy with the existing definition and would propose: In some languages, the gender of those nouns belonging to the single gender derived from the earlier masculine and feminine genders and separate from the neuter gender, as in Hittite or modern Danish. Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/common+gender

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1558 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


feminine

feminine; standardized name
feminine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: 247; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females.
Source: ISO12620
Note: In the languages where there is the notion of grammatical gender, the value /feminine/ is frequently attached to a word that has nothing to do with the natural gender. For instance, in French, "le tabouret" (masculine) vs "la chaise" (feminine) is purely idiomatic.

Example: fr: fille, mere
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masculine

masculine; standardized name
masculine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: 246; ISO 12620:1999; Source indicates synonymy with a DC defined for Terminology   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to males.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neuter

neuter; standardized name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: 248; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Although the noun Mädchen, a girl, ostensibly relates to a feminine entity, it is neuter based on the form of the word, since the diminutive ending "chen" reverts to neuter gender regardless of the concept to which the word refers.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


grammatical number

grammatical number; standardized name
grammatical number; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1298

Identifier: grammaticalNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Grammatical category for the variation in form of nouns, pronouns, and any words agreeing with them, depending on how many persons or things are referred to.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=number 12
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1298 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


collective

collective; standardized name
collective; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1254

Identifier: collective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A number referring to a set of things or people.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collective_number

Example: Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like "flock of sheep".
Source: ??

Note: A collective number is a number referring to 'a set of things'. Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like 'flock of sheeps' by using 'sheep' in collective number. [Definition from the MAF standard, but too long]

Note: A collective number is a number referring to 'a set of things'. Note: Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like 'flock of sheep' by using 'sheep' in collective number. [Suggested correction]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1254 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


dual

dual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879

Identifier: dual   Type: simple   Origin: 254; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Form used in some languages to designate two persons or things.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


paucal

paucal; standardized name
paucal; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1350

Identifier: paucal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Number that specifies 'a few' things.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paucal_number
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1350 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


quadrial

quadrial; standardized name
quadrial; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2000

Identifier: quadrial   Type: simple   Origin: Morphysyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property related to four elements.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2000 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


trial

trial; standardized name
trial; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1407

Identifier: trial   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Grammatical number referring to 'three things', as opposed to 'singular' and 'plural'.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trial_number
Note: For instance, for mwotlap. Trial does not exist in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1407 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


honorific

honorific; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2347

Identifier: honorific   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: special form of language used when talking about those in positions of social situation
Source:
Note: Examples are a superior at work or a customer.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2347 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


imperative aspect

imperative aspect; standardized name
imperative aspect; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3838

Identifier: imperativeAspect   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: aspect of an imperative verb form or clause
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3838 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impersonal passive voice

impersonal passive voice; standardized name
impersonal passive voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3849

Identifier: impersonalPassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice where the valency of an intransitive verb (which has a valency one) is decreased to zero
Source: WP

Example: es wird geschlaffen
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3849 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


intensity

intensity; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2197

Identifier: intensity   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Quality of being felt very strongly or having a strong effect
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2197 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


masdar

masdar; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2224

Identifier: masdar   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property that expresses a verbal idea under an abstract form.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2224 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


mediopassive voice

mediopassive voice; standardized name
mediopassive voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3850

Identifier: mediopassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice which subsumes both the middle voice and the passive voice
Source: WP

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3850 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


modification type

modification type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1931

Identifier: modificationType   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Refers to the prenominal or postnominal positions of determiners which distinguish different forms.
Source:
Note: For instance in Romanian.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1931 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


indifferent

indifferent; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1944

Identifier: indifferent   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Markup to express that there is not any pertinence.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1944 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


post modifier

post modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1945

Identifier: postModifier   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Situation where the modifier is after the modified.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1945 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


premodifier

premodifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1943

Identifier: preModifier   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Situation where the modifier is before the modified.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1943 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


morphological feature

morphological feature; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1425

Identifier: morphologicalFeature   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property attached to a given inflected form that usually permits to distinguish this form from the generic lemmatised form of the word.
Source:
Note: For instance, the inflected form "tables" has the morphological feature /grammatical number/ that is valued with /plural/ and so, permits to distinguish "tables" from "table".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1425 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


negative

negative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1839

Identifier: negative   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: denotes the negation or the absence
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1839 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


object person

object person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2279

Identifier: objectPerson   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: person for the object of the verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2279 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


owned number

owned number; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1930

Identifier: ownedNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the number of the possessed thing.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1930 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner gender

owner gender; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1416

Identifier: ownerGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the gender of the person that ownes something.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1416 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


feminine

feminine; standardized name
feminine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: 247; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females.
Source: ISO12620
Note: In the languages where there is the notion of grammatical gender, the value /feminine/ is frequently attached to a word that has nothing to do with the natural gender. For instance, in French, "le tabouret" (masculine) vs "la chaise" (feminine) is purely idiomatic.

Example: fr: fille, mere
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masculine

masculine; standardized name
masculine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: 246; ISO 12620:1999; Source indicates synonymy with a DC defined for Terminology   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to males.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neuter

neuter; standardized name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: 248; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Although the noun Mädchen, a girl, ostensibly relates to a feminine entity, it is neuter based on the form of the word, since the diminutive ending "chen" reverts to neuter gender regardless of the concept to which the word refers.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner number

owner number; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1417

Identifier: ownerNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the number of the person that owns something.
Source: GF
Note: Useful for instance in French for pronouns, or in Hungarian for nouns.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1417 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


dual

dual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879

Identifier: dual   Type: simple   Origin: 254; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Form used in some languages to designate two persons or things.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner person

owner person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1929

Identifier: ownerPerson   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the person that ownes something.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1929 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288

Identifier: firstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: First person deixis is deictic reference that refers to the speaker, or both the speaker and referents grouped with the speaker
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFirstPersonDeixis.htm

Example: The following singular pronouns: - I - me - myself - my - mine The following plural pronouns: - we - us - ourselves - our - ours Am, the first person form of the verb be
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=finite ->4

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384

Identifier: secondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Second person deixis is deictic reference to a person or persons identified as addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsSecondPersonDeixis.htm

Example: Here are some examples of second person deixis: - you - yourself - yourselves - your - yours
Source: zeus.inalf.fr RACINE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402

Identifier: thirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Third person deixis is deictic reference to a referent(s) not identified as the speaker or addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsThirdPersonDeixis.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Here are some examples of items that express third person deixis: - he - she - they the third person singular verb suffix -s He sometimes flies.
Source: www.cusd.claremont.edu/~tkroll/inflection.html#ter

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


person

person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1328

Identifier: person   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication of grammatical person (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) associated with a given inflected form.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1328 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288

Identifier: firstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: First person deixis is deictic reference that refers to the speaker, or both the speaker and referents grouped with the speaker
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFirstPersonDeixis.htm

Example: The following singular pronouns: - I - me - myself - my - mine The following plural pronouns: - we - us - ourselves - our - ours Am, the first person form of the verb be
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=finite ->4

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384

Identifier: secondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Second person deixis is deictic reference to a person or persons identified as addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsSecondPersonDeixis.htm

Example: Here are some examples of second person deixis: - you - yourself - yourselves - your - yours
Source: zeus.inalf.fr RACINE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402

Identifier: thirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Third person deixis is deictic reference to a referent(s) not identified as the speaker or addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsThirdPersonDeixis.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Here are some examples of items that express third person deixis: - he - she - they the third person singular verb suffix -s He sometimes flies.
Source: www.cusd.claremont.edu/~tkroll/inflection.html#ter

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pseudopassive voice

pseudopassive voice; standardized name
pseudopassive voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3851

Identifier: pseudopassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice in a specify passive construction (different from the regular passive) where the patient is the syntactic subject and agent is the syntactic object
Source: WP

Example: Ancient Egyptians had their cats respected
Source: WP

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3851 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reciprocal voice

reciprocal voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3841

Identifier: reciprocalVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice for a construction where the semantic subject and object perform the verbal action to each other
Source:

Example: John and Mary cut each other's hair
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3841 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


referent type

referent type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1376

Identifier: referentType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of concrete object or concept (the referent) that an expression represents (the reference).
Source: DFKI
Note: Used to distinguish reflexive personal from reflexive possessive pronouns in the Slavic languages. In bulgarian, it also describes a subdivision on the basis os semantic features which have effect on the morpho-syntactic paradigm.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1376 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


personal

personal; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1946

Identifier: personal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property that refers to the person.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1946 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive

possessive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1355

Identifier: possessive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Relative to the possession or association.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=possessive
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1355 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive voice

reflexive voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3842

Identifier: reflexiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice for a construction where the semantic agent and patient are the same
Source:

Example: she threw herself to the floor
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3842 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


status constructus

status constructus; standardized name
construct state; admitted name
status constructus; Source: Karlheinz Moerth; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2997

Identifier: statusConstructus   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: morphological form of the nominal head of noun+noun-phrases which in spite of a missing determiner (article) is invariably understood as semantically determined.
Source: Karlheinz Moerth

Note: In particular in Semitic and Berber languages. The construct state is one ot the three states of noun in Arabic, the other two being the status absolutus (indefinte) and the status emphaticus (definite).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2997 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subject person

subject person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2278

Identifier: subjectPerson   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: person for the subject of the verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2278 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


syntactic type

syntactic type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1948

Identifier: syntacticType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of part of speech.
Source: Multext-East
Note: For instance, syntacticType is used to distinguish the nominal and adjectival function of pronouns in Slovene and Czech.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1948 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


tense

tense; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1286

Identifier: grammaticalTense   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property referring to the way the grammar marks the time at which the action denoted by the verb took place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is no easily stateable relationship between tense and time. Tense forms can be used to signal meanings other than temporal ones. For instance, in English, the past tense "knew" in "I wish I knew" means a tentative meaning not past time.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1286 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


future

future; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291

Identifier: future   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the future.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: I will praise
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFocus.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


imperfect

imperfect; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1304

Identifier: imperfect   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that refers to action in the past that is incomplete or ongoing.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: It is translated into English with the auxiliary was, were, or alternatively with other formulae.

Example: She was praising
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1304 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


past

past; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1347

Identifier: past   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Past tense is an absolute tense that refers to a time before the moment of utterance.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPastTense.htm
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1347 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


present

present; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1367

Identifier: present   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the present.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: He praises
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1367 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb form mood

verb form mood; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1427

Identifier: verbFormMood   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, undecided

Definition: One of a set of distinctive forms that are used to signal modality. Modality is a facet of illocutionary point or general intent of a speaker, or a speaker's degree of commitment to the expressed proposition's believability, obligatoriness, desirability or reality.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1427 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


conditional

conditional; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1258

Identifier: conditional   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A conditional relation is a logical relation in which the illocutionary act employing one of a pair of propositions is expressed or implied to be true or in force if the other proposition is true.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConditionalRelation.htm

Example: ``If he comes' is a conditional clause in the sentence ``If he comes I shall go'
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=conditional

Example: If you give her the ring, then you are married to her.I hereby pronounce you married.Are you married to her?Do marry her.If only you would marry her!
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr Tlfi, COMPLEMENT, C.1, Gramm.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1258 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


debitive mood

debitive mood; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3835

Identifier: debitiveMood   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood to express necessity or requirement
Source: www.latvianstuff.com/Verbs14.html

Example: In Latvian: Anitai ir jālasa lekcija šovakar. 'Anita has to give (literally: read) (a) lecture tonight.
Source: www.latvianstuff.com/Verbs14.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3835 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


gerundive

gerundive; standardized name
gerund; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2243

Identifier: gerundive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property for a non-finite form of a verb other than the infinitive.
Source: MAF
Note: for instance, "smoking" in "smoking is forbidden"

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Language sections: English, French


imperative

imperative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1844

Identifier: imperative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood used to express an order.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1844 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indicative

indicative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1885

Identifier: indicative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood value used in the expression of statements and questions.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: Indicative is usually seen in contrast to imperative or subjunctive moods.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1885 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infinitive

infinitive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1312

Identifier: infinitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood cited as unmarked or base form.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, then infinitive form may be used alone or in conjunction with the particle "to".

Example: To praise
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


participle

participle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1341

Identifier: participle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Non-finite form of a verb other than the infinitive that is used in many languages possibly in conjunction with an auxiliary and that functions attributively, predicatively or adverbially.
Source: Franca Wesseling and Karlheinz Moerth
Note: See "non-finite" entry in this registry

Example: Ex#1 She is writing a piece (writing is a present participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#2 She has written a piece (written is a past participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#3 The piece was written (written is a passive participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#4 He read a written text (written is used as an adjective)
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Ex#5 Laut singend gingen sie in Richtung Haustür (word to word translated as "aloud singing went they in direction door.of.the.house") and correctly translated as "Singing aloud, they moved towards the door." (singend functions as an adverb)
Source: Christian Chiarcos

Explanation: Term referring to a word derived from a verb and used as an adjective.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1341 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relative mood

relative mood; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3836

Identifier: relativeMood   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood to express reported speech (or indirect speech) as opposed to direct speech.
Source: www.latvianstuff.com/Verbs12.html

Example: In Latvian, the inflected verbal form "neēdot" like in "Anita teica, ka Pēters neēdot omāru." which means : "Anita said that Peter doesn't eat lobster."
Source: www.latvianstuff.com/Verbs12.html

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Language sections: English, French


subjunctive

subjunctive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1843

Identifier: subjunctive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood often used to express uncertainty, whishes or desires.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


voice

voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1413

Identifier: voice   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Way sentences may alter the relationship between the subject and object of a verb, without changing the meaning of the sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, the active voice is for instance "the cat bit the dog" and contrasts with the passive voice like in "The dog was bitten by the cat".

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


active voice

active voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1227

Identifier: activeVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the situation where the grammatical subject is also the semantic actor of the verb.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, the active voice is for instance "the cat bit the dog" and contrasts with the passive voice like in "The dog was bitten by the cat".

Example: She threw the ball, They ate my lunch
Source: zeus.inalf.fr ACTIF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1227 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


middle voice

middle voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1983

Identifier: middleVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value for middle voice that expresses that the subject is both the agent and object, or that the subject is separate from the agent or that the receiver is the agent him/herself.
Source: Dictionnaire de linguistique Larousse 2002
Note: For instance, for Greek or Sanskrit.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1983 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


passive voice

passive voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1346

Identifier: passiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Term referring to a situation where the grammatical subject is typically the recipient or goal of the action denoted by the verb.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: Passive contrasts with active voice and for some languages like Greek with middle voice.

Example: My lunch was eaten by them
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr-> Tlfi, 2.PASSIF C.1,a

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1346 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


zu inclusion

zu inclusion; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1954

Identifier: zuInclusion   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Inclusion of zu.
Source: DFKI
Note: Some German infinitives have the particle zu incorporated. With all other infinitives, the zu precedes immediately, for certain situations like with the conjunction um which is reigning infinitive. The value "no" means normal infinitive, no zu incorporated. The value "yes" is used with infinitives with incorporated zu. It does not apply to primary and modal auxiliaries, as the infinitives do not include the zu.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1954 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


Nametype
1active voicesimple
2adjutative voicesimple
3animacycomplex/closed
4animatesimple
5antipassive voicesimple
6aoristcomplex/open
7apocope moodsimple
8applicative voicesimple
9aspectcomplex/closed
10boundsimple
11broken pluralsimple
12causative voicecomplex/open
13cessativesimple
14circumstantial voicesimple
15cliticnesscomplex/closed
16collectivesimple
17common gendersimple
18comparativesimple
19conditionalsimple
20debitive moodsimple
21definitesimple
22definitenesscomplex/closed
23degreecomplex/closed
24dualsimple
25el inclusioncomplex/open
26elativesimple
27femininesimple
28finitesimple
29finitenesscomplex/closed
30first personsimple
31full articlesimple
32futuresimple
33gerundivesimple
34grammatical gendercomplex/closed
35grammatical numbercomplex/closed
36honorificcomplex/open
37imperativesimple
38imperative aspectsimple
39imperfectsimple
40imperfectivesimple
41impersonal passive voicesimple
42inanimatesimple
43inchoativesimple
44indefinitesimple
45indicativesimple
46indifferentsimple
47infinitivesimple
48intensitycomplex/open
49masculinesimple
50masdarcomplex/open
51mediopassive voicesimple
52middle voicesimple
53modification typecomplex/closed
54morphological featurecomplex/open
55negativecomplex/closed
56neutersimple
57non-finitesimple
58object personcomplex/open
59other animacysimple
60owned numbercomplex/closed
61owner gendercomplex/closed
62owner numbercomplex/closed
63owner personcomplex/closed
64participlesimple
65passive voicesimple
66pastsimple
67paucalsimple
68perfectivesimple
69personcomplex/closed
70personalsimple
71pluralsimple
72positivesimple
73possessivesimple
74post modifiersimple
75premodifiersimple
76presentsimple
77pseudopassive voicesimple
78quadrialsimple
79reciprocal voicesimple
80referent typecomplex/closed
81reflexive voicesimple
82relative moodsimple
83second personsimple
84short articlesimple
85singularsimple
86status constructussimple
87subject personcomplex/open
88subjunctivesimple
89superlativesimple
90syntactic typecomplex/closed
91tensecomplex/closed
92third personsimple
93trialsimple
94unaccomplishedsimple
95verb form moodcomplex/closed
96voicecomplex/closed
97zu inclusioncomplex/closed