PartOfSpeech


index

auxiliary

auxiliary; standardized name
auxiliary; Source: MAF; data element name
auxiliary verb; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1244

Identifier: auxiliary   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs, subordinate to the main lexical verb which help to make distinction in mood, aspect, voice etc.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: Be
Source:

Note: The definition could be refined stylistically: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs used as subordinates to the main lexical verb which help to distinguish mood, aspect, voice etc. One could then cite the source as "Based on Crystal 2003".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1244 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


classifier

classifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2345

Identifier: classifier   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: part of speech related to a noun to express the sub-classes to which a noun belongs.
Source:
Note: Originally used to express the unit of a noun in counting.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2345 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


close bracket

close bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2083

Identifier: closeBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: close punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented by ]
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2083 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


close curly bracket

close curly bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2085

Identifier: closeCurlyBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: close punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented by }
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2085 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


close punctuation

close punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2079

Identifier: closePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: End of a paired punctuation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2079 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


countable noun

countable noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2276

Identifier: countableNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: noun referring to one or several concepts that may be counted
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2276 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


declarative punctuation

declarative punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2086

Identifier: declarativePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: main punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used at the end a declarative sentence.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2086 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


elative noun

elative noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3860

Identifier: elativeNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun to express both comparative and superlative
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3860 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


foreign text

foreign text; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1423

Identifier: foreignText   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Markup used to identify a word, phrase, or extended text as belonging to some language other than that of the surrounding text.
Source: ISO12620

Example: In the German text of DIN EN ISO 9000-1, some terms are retained in English: Vertragliche Anwendung von Beurteilungs- und Genehmigungs- oder Registrierungs-Systemen (second party)
Source: ISO16642

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1423 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


foreign word

foreign word; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1886

Identifier: foreignWord   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word belonging to some language other than that of the surrounding text.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1886 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


formula

formula; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1888

Identifier: formula   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Figures, symbols or the like used to express a concept briefly, such as a mathematical or chemical formula.
Source: ISO12620

Example: H2O is the chemical formula for water.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1888 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


hyphen

hyphen; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2077

Identifier: hyphen   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: secondary punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically presented as "-".
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2077 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


instrument noun

instrument noun; standardized name
instrument noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3856

Identifier: instrumentNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing an instrument of the action
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3856 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


intensive noun

intensive noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3859

Identifier: intensiveNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun that emphasizes another noun
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3859 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative punctuation

interrogative punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2087

Identifier: interrogativePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: main punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used when the sentence is interrogative.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2087 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inverted question mark

inverted question mark; standardized name
inverted interrogative point; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2088

Identifier: invertedQuestionMark   Type: simple   Origin: Member of DCS for MAF   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: interrogative punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used in certain languages at the beginning of an interrogative sentence.
Source: GIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2088 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


letter

letter; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1889

Identifier: letter   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Letter.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1889 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


main punctuation

main punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2075

Identifier: mainPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is more important than a secondary punctuation with regards to sentence splitting in a text.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2075 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


manner noun

manner noun; standardized name
manner noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3854

Identifier: mannerNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing a manner
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3854 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


mass noun

mass noun; standardized name
mass noun; Source: Morphosyntax usage; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2277

Identifier: massNoun   Type: simple   Origin: 255   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Is a: noun

Definition: Designation of a term or word that is not countable and cannot generally be used with the indefinite article or in the plural.
Source: ISO12620

Example: bread
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2277 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


modal particle

modal particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1920

Identifier: modalParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle which functions as a modal.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1920 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


number noun

number noun; standardized name
number noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3852

Identifier: numberNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing a number
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3852 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral MForm

numeral MForm; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1939

Identifier: numeralMForm   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral MForm.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1939 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral approximation

numeral approximation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1940

Identifier: numeralApprox   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric approximation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1940 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral both

numeral both; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1938

Identifier: numeralBoth   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric value for two.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1938 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral digit

numeral digit; standardized name
numeral written using digits; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1935

Identifier: numeralDigit   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed by Arabic digits.
Source: GF

Example: "1", "2", "3", "4", "1992"
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1935 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


numeral letter

numeral letter; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1937

Identifier: numeralLetter   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with letters.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1937 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral roman

numeral roman; standardized name
numeral written using roman numerals; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1936

Identifier: numeralRoman   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with roman digits.
Source: MAF

Example: "I", "II", "III", "IV", "V", "VI", "VII", "VIII", "IX", "X"
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1936 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


once noun

once noun; standardized name
once noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3853

Identifier: onceNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun conveying the meaning that the action is performed once
Source: Sfax

Example: in Arabic: Darba (a stroke)
Source: Karlheinz Moerth

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3853 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open bracket

open bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2082

Identifier: openBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: open punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is represented graphically as [
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2082 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open curly bracket

open curly bracket; standardized name
open curly bracket; Source: MAF; data element name
open curly brace; Source: UK usage; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2084

Identifier: openCurlyBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: open punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented as {
Source: MAF

Note: Suggested edit: Punctuation mark that is graphically represented as {.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2084 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open punctuation

open punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2078

Identifier: openPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Beginning of a paired punctuation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2078 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


part of speech

part of speech; standardized name
part of speech; Source: GP, ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1345

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Common in lexicograpy, terminology, other domains; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Term used to describe how a particular word is used in a sentence.
Source: http://web.archive.org/web/20110720045333/http://people.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1345 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ordinal adjective

ordinal adjective; standardized name
ordinal numeral; standardized name
ordinal numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1338

Identifier: ordinalAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective/numeral/number expressing a numeric ranking.
Source: GF

Example: en: "first", "second", "third", "fourth"
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "první" ("first"), "druhý" ("second"), "třetí" ("third"), "čtvrtý" ("fourth")
Source: DZ

Note: In some theories (e.g. standard Czech grammar) this is considered a subclass of numerals, not adjectives, although it follows adjectival inflection patterns (even in Czech) and behaves syntactically like adjectives.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1338 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


participle adjective

participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1598

Identifier: participleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a verb.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1598 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


past participle adjective

past participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1596

Identifier: pastParticipleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: participle adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a past participle.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1596 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


present participle adjective

present participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1597

Identifier: presentParticipleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: participle adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a present participle.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1597 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


qualifier adjective

qualifier adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1477

Identifier: qualifierAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective used to qualify.
Source: MAF
Note: This is the main class of adjective. For instance "nice".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1477 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adposition

adposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1231

Identifier: adposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that occurs before/inside/after a complement composed of a noun phrase, noun, pronoun or clause that functions as a noun phrase and forms a single structure with the complement to express its grammatical and semantic relation to another unit.
Source: Eagles
Note: Is a cover term for preposition, circumposition and postposition.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1231 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


circumposition

circumposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1906

Identifier: circumposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition which consists of two parts which are positioned ahead and after the adpositional foci.
Source: Academic grammar of new Persian 2005
Note: New Persian circumpositions are classified as simple and genitival circumpositions.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1906 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


postposition

postposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1360

Identifier: postposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition that appears at the end of the noun phrase.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Japanese: doko ni where at, doko e where to
Source:

Example: Korean: Hanguk e to Korea
Source:

Example: Hungarian: kutya nélkl dog without
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1360 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


preposition

preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1366

Identifier: preposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition placed at the beginning of a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: Usually, a preposition indicates position, direction, time or an abstract relation.

Example: into the woods
Source: www.atilf.fr AFFIXE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1366 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


compound preposition

compound preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1934

Identifier: compoundPreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is a aggregation of words
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1934 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


fused preposition

fused preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1901

Identifier: fusedPreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is the result of a morphological merge from at least two words.
Source: gf
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1901 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


fused preposition determiner

fused preposition determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3010

Identifier: fusedPrepositionDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: fused preposition

Definition: word resulting from the aggregation of a proposition and a determiner
Source: MultextEast

Example: "du" => "de"+"le" in French, meaning "from the"
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3010 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


simple preposition

simple preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1900

Identifier: simplePreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is a pure simple word in contrast with the notion of fused preposition.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1900 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


general adverb

general adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1435

Identifier: generalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adverb

Definition: Adverb belonging to the general class of adverbs
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1435 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


bullet

bullet; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1438

Identifier: bullet   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Sign used to mark an item in a list.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1438 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


conjunction

conjunction; standardized name
conjunction; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1260

Identifier: conjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that syntactically links words or constituents, and expresses a semantic relationship between them.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConjunction.htm
Note: A conjunction is positionally fixed relative to one or more of the elements related by it, thus distinguishing it from constituents such as English conjunctive adverbs.

Example: In English : Coordinating conjunctions : and, or, but Subordinating conjunctions : because , when, unless
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1260 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


coordinating conjunction

coordinating conjunction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1262

Identifier: coordinatingConjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: conjunction

Definition: Conjunction that links constituents.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACoordinatingConjunction.htm
Note: Usually the linked contituents are equal in rank and fulfill identical functions.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1262 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1393

Identifier: subordinatingConjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: conjunction

Definition: Conjunction that links constructions by making one of them a constituent of another. The subordinating conjunction typically marks the incorporated constituent.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASubordinatingConjunctio.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Listen when I speak to you
Source: www.hungarotips.com/hungarian/i/fonev1.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1393 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


determiner

determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1272

Identifier: determiner   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word or affix that belongs to a class of noun modifiers that expresses the reference, including quantity, of a noun.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsADeterminer.htm
Note: some theories use to call a determiner an "attributive pronoun"

Example: All these houses
Source: www.atilf.fr DERIVATION GRAMM. 2.b

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1272 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


article

article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1892

Identifier: article   Type: simple   Origin: English, for instance   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Term used in the grammatical classification of words referring to a subclass of determiners which displays a primary role in differentiating the uses of nouns.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1892 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


definite article

definite article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1430

Identifier: definiteArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article that allows the reference to a specific, identifiable entity (or class of entities).
Source: Crytal 2003
Note: It is usually contrasted with indefinite.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1430 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite article

indefinite article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1308

Identifier: indefiniteArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article not capable of expressing identification.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1308 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


partitive article

partitive article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1898

Identifier: partitiveArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article expressing a part or quantity.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance "some".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1898 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


demonstrative determiner

demonstrative determiner; standardized name
demonstrative adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1269

Identifier: demonstrativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner used to point to an entity in the situation or elsewhere in a sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1269 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


exclamative determiner

exclamative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1284

Identifier: exclamativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner expressing an emotional utterance and marked with a strong intonation.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1284 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite determiner

indefinite determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1307

Identifier: indefiniteDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner not capable of identification.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1307 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative determiner

interrogative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1320

Identifier: interrogativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1320 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive determiner

possessive determiner; standardized name
possessive adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1357

Identifier: possessiveDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner that expresses ownership.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1357 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive determiner

reflexive determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1377

Identifier: reflexiveDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner that refers to the same entity.
Source: MAF

Example: The groundhog saw his own shadow
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1377 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relative determiner

relative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1379

Identifier: relativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Determiner related to a referent.   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner related to a referent.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1379 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


fused preposition pronoun

fused preposition pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3009

Identifier: fusedPrepositionPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word resulting from the aggregation of a preposition and a pronoun
Source: MultextEast

Example: "proň" => "pro"+"něj", in Czech, meaning "for"+"him"
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3009 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interjection

interjection; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1318

Identifier: interjection   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word or sound that expresses an emotion.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: An interjection usually lacks grammatical connection.

Example: D'hoo !!!
Source: zeus.inalf.fr INTENSIF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1318 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


common noun

common noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1256

Identifier: commonNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that signifies a non-specific member of a group.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACommonNoun.htm

Example: Planet, orange, and drum
Source: http://www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=common+noun

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1256 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


diminutive noun

diminutive noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2225

Identifier: diminutiveNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: diminutive noun
Source: MIRACL LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2225 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper noun; Source: GF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371

Identifier: properNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that is the name of a specific individual, place, or object.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProperNoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: New York City
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral

numeral; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1334

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that expresses a number or the relation to a number.
Source: GF
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1334 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


particle

particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1342

Identifier: particle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that does not belong to one of the main classes of words, is invariable in form, and typically has grammatical or pragmatic meaning.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAParticle.htm
Note: MAF

Example: up (in set up)
Source: MAR. Lex. 1951

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1342 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


affirmative particle

affirmative particle; standardized name
affirmative particle; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1918

Identifier: affirmativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express affirmation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1918 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


comparative particle

comparative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1922

Identifier: comparativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to compare.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1922 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


conditional particle

conditional particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2230

Identifier: conditionalParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: conditional particule
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


coordination particle

coordination particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2227

Identifier: coordinationParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: particle for coordination
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2227 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


distinctive particle

distinctive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2228

Identifier: distinctiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: distinctive particle
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2228 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


future particle

future particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1919

Identifier: futureParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used in order to express future.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1919 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infinitive particle

infinitive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1896

Identifier: infinitiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express infinitive.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, this particle is "to" like in "to go".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1896 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative particle

interrogative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1921

Identifier: interrogativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1921 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


negative particle

negative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1894

Identifier: negativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express negation.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1894 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive particle

possessive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1895

Identifier: possessiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle expressing ownship.
Source: MAF
Note: For instance, in English, the "'s" of the saxon genitive.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1895 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relative particle

relative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2229

Identifier: relativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: relative particle
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2229 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


superlative particle

superlative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1923

Identifier: superlativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle expressing superlative degree. Superlative is the comparison between more than two entities and contrasts with comparative where only two entities are involved and positive where no comparison is implied.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1923 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unclassified particle

unclassified particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1897

Identifier: unclassifiedParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle that is not covered by other sorts of particle definitions.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1897 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


prepositional adverb

prepositional adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3000

Identifier: prepositionalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: adverb which is very similar in its form to a preposition
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: unlike real preposition, they occur mainly at the end of a phrase and not before nouns. They also modify the verb, which a preposition does not.

Example: "to" in "I can do this if you want me to".
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3000 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pronominal adverb

pronominal adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2998

Identifier: pronominalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: adverb formed in replacement of a preposition and a pronoun
Source:

Example: "for that" => "therefore "
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2998 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pronoun

pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1370

Identifier: pronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word used in place of a noun or a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: In a lot of languages, a pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number, gender or/and case. Some theories use to call a pronoun a "substituting pronoun" to distinguish this term from "attributive pronoun"

Example: She
Source: www.atilf.fr PRONOMINAL B.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1370 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


affixed personal pronoun

affixed personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2221

Identifier: affixedPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Personnal pronoun that is affixed, i.e. added as an affix to another word.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

Example: pl: "-ń" in "Czekam nań." = lit. "I-am-waiting for-him."
Source: Adam Przepiórkowski

Explanation: In Polish, there are 4 different forms of the 3rd person sg acc/gen personal pronoun: jego (possibly stressed, not after a preposition) go (never stressed, not after a preposition) niego (possibly stressed, only after a preposition) -ń (obviously never stressed, only after a preposition) So, for example, "I am waiting for him" could be in Polish: Czekam na niego. or: Czekam nań.
Source: Adam Przepiórkowski

Note: Whether pronoun affixes are tagged separately depends on tokenization scheme. If the inner boundary of e.g. the Polish "na|ń" is not recognized, the full word can be classified as "fused preposition pronoun".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2221 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


allusive pronoun

allusive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2223

Identifier: allusivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Unité de recherche LSCA SFAX / Tunisie   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that refers to something characterized by allusions.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For example for Arabic.

Example: ar: "كَمْ" ("kam") = "how much", "كَيْتَ" ("kyt") = "in such a way"
Source: http://tagmatica.fr/publications/Aida_TALN2007_Final.pdf

Explanation: It is an invariable noun expressing a specific intention by means of unclear term.
Source: Aïda Khemakhem

Explanation: Allusive pronoun : it is an invariable pronoun expressing a specific intention by means of unclear term: كَمْ , كَأَيٍّ, كَذَا, كَيْتَ وَ ذَيْتَ, بِضْعُ وَفُلَان For « كَمْ » (kam), it has two different uses - It may be a interrogative pronoun: interrogative kam alludes to a number ignored by the questioner waiting for its designation : “ ? كَمْ طَالِبٍ جَاءَ » how many students have come ? - It may be a allusive pronoun: predicative kam alludes to an important number in order to inform about it, not to designate it: “! كَمْ طَالِبٍ جَاءَ » how many students have come! « ! كَمْ أُنَاسٍ » how many people !
Source: Aïda Khemakhem

Explanation: Here are some examples from two well known Arabic-English dictionaries. Unfortunately, I do not have an Arabic keyboard installed so I have to use transcriptions >From Hans Wehr - kam nahaituhu - how often I forbade him >From the Georgetown University Iraqi Arabic-English Dictionary - baas Saar `amra `ashr isniin, gam (= kam) yriid paysikil - He just turned ten, and here [how] he wants a bicycle gam (= kam) yurguS imnil-faraH [how] he jumped for joy
Source: Monte

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2223 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Arabic, French


conditional pronoun

conditional pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2222

Identifier: conditionalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: conditional pronoun
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For example for Arabic.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2222 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


demonstrative pronoun

demonstrative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1270

Identifier: demonstrativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used to point to an entity in the situation or elsewhere in a sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1270 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


emphatic pronoun

emphatic pronoun; standardized name
emphatic pronoun; Source: Multext East; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1941

Identifier: emphaticPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: An emphatic pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used to emphasize its referent.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm

Example: fr: "Moi, je suis français." = "Me, I am French."
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm

Explanation: This is a term used in many gram. books. One can also come across it in descriptions of some Bantu languages. Very often it is used as a synonym of absolute pronoun. Cf. for example Clement M. Doke: Textbook of Zulu Grammar. 1968 (6th edition), p.89. Derek Gowlett: Zone S. In: The Bantu Languages. London, New York. Routledge 2003. p.625. Like many Bantu languages, isiZulu is a pro-drop language. When translating English/French/German pronouns into isiZulu we use class-markers which are prefixed to the verb. In addition, there exist so-called absolute pronouns, i.e. independent, self-standing pronouns which are not necessarily used emphatically or to express contrast. The difference between absolute pronouns and emphatic pronouns (which morphologically appear to be the same) is that the emphatic set of pronouns is used in addition to other class-markers that refer to the same subject/object. Two simple examples from Doke (p.89): Ngi-thanda bona. 1sg-love 3pl-abs_pron I like them. Mina ngi-khuluma iqiniso ... 1sg-emph_pron 1sg-speak truth As for me, I speak the truth ... By the way, in the SIL-glossary (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm) there is a definition and a nice French example: Def.: An emphatic pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used to emphasize its referent. Ex.: Moi, je suis français. ‘Me, I am French.’
Source: Karlheinz Moerth

Explanation: MAF definition: Pronoun marked to show its importance.
Source: MAF

Note: Suggestion: Use the original SIL definition with some modification: A personal pronoun used to emphasize its referent.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1941 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


exclamative pronoun

exclamative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1285

Identifier: exclamativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun marked with an emotional utterance and/or a strong intonation.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: For instance, looking at a nice picture our comment could be either "beautiful!" (simple exclamation) or "how beautiful!" (using "how" as an exclamative pronoun).
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

Explanation: Interrogative pronouns can be used exclamatively (see example). Thus, exclamative pronouns are sometimes considered part of interrogatives.
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1285 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


existential pronoun

existential pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3012

Identifier: existentialPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: pronoun that indicates the existence of something or someone
Source: gf

Example: "there" in the sentence "there is a dog"
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3012 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


fused pronoun auxiliary

fused pronoun auxiliary; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3008

Identifier: fusedPronounAuxiliary   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: word resulting from the aggregation of a pronoun and an auxiliary
Source: multextEast

Example: "tys" => "ty"+"jsi", in Czech, meaning "you"+"are"
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3008 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impersonal pronoun

impersonal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1426

Identifier: impersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun lacking person referent.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: de: "man" as in "Man nennt das Pronomen." = lit. "One calls it pronoun." = "It is called pronoun."
Source: DZ

Explanation: The term "impersonal" does not mean "any pronoun but personal". It is rather a pronoun with a function and usage very close to personal pronouns but it does not refer to any particular person. It is close to indefinite pronouns that can refer to an unknown person. However, the usage of the German "man" is specific and different from the indefinite pronoun "jemand" ("somebody"). Constructions with "man" are typically translated using passive to other languages.
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1426 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite pronoun

indefinite pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1309

Identifier: indefinitePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that does not allow reference.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Anybody, somebody
Source: www.atilf.fr IMPERSONNEL Gramm.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1309 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative pronoun

interrogative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1321

Identifier: interrogativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1321 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


negative pronoun

negative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1925

Identifier: negativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used in a context of a negation or for expressing a negation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1925 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


personal pronoun

personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1463

Identifier: personalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun referring a person.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1463 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


irreflexive personal pronoun

irreflexive personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3013

Identifier: irreflexivePersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: personal pronoun which is not reflexive
Source: STTS

Example: "ich" in German
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3013 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive personal pronoun

reflexive personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3014

Identifier: reflexivePersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: personal pronoun which is reflexive
Source: STTS

Example: "sich" in German
Source: STTS

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3014 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


strong personal pronoun

strong personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1390

Identifier: strongPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: Personal pronoun that can occupy the position after a preposition and/or reinforce a weak personal pronoun.
Source: Eagles
Note: String personal pronouns are in complementary distribution with weak personal pronouns. For instance, in French "toi" is stroong and "il is weak.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1390 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


weak personal pronoun

weak personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1414

Identifier: weakPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: Personal pronoun that cannot occupy the position after a preposition and/or reinforce a strong personal pronoun.
Source: MAF
Note: Weak personal pronouns are in complementary distribution with strong personal pronouns. For instance, in French "toi" is stroong and "il is weak.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1414 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive pronoun

possessive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1359

Identifier: possessivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that expresses ownership and relationships like ownership, such as kinship, and other forms of association.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessivePronoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Mine
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessiveNoun.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1359 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive relative pronoun

possessive relative pronoun; admitted name
relative possessive pronoun; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3005

Identifier: possessiveRelativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: A relative pronoun whose antecedent is the possessor of the subject or object in the relative clause.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "jehož" as in "To je muž, jehož syna učím." = "This is the man whose son I teach."
Source: DZ

Note: Not to be confused with the genitive form of an interrogative/relative pronoun. Example (cs): interrogative/relative pronoun "který" = "which", genitive form "kterého" = "of which", interrogative usage: "Kterého z vás je toto auto?" = lit. "Which-genitive of you is this car?" = "Whom of you does this car belong to?", relative usage: "Nevím, kterého z nich je to auto." = lit. "I do-not-know, which-genitive of them is this car." = "I do not know whom of them the car belongs to."

Note: Not to be confused with interrogative/relative pronoun expressing possession by an unknown possessor. Example (cs): interrogative/relative pronoun "čí" = "whose", interrogative usage: "Čí je toto auto?" = lit. "Whose is this car?", relative usage: "Nevím, čí je to auto." = "I do not know whose car it is." In this case, the pronoun "čí" does not refer anaphorically to a particular noun phrase (possessor) in the main clause. Consequently, it does not need to agree in gender and number with the possessor. In contrast, a possessive relative pronoun directly refers to a noun phrase (possessor) and agrees with it in gender and number: "jehož" (masculine singular), "jejíž" (feminine singular), "jejichž" (plural) etc.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3005 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


presentative pronoun

presentative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3015

Identifier: presentativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: pronoun that identify the current locative or temporal situation
Source: MultextEast

Example: ex="ecco" in Italian or "voici" in French
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3015 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reciprocal pronoun

reciprocal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1924

Identifier: reciprocalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun expressing mutual relationship.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance, the multiword expression "each other".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1924 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive possessive pronoun

reflexive possessive pronoun; admitted name
reflexive possessive pronoun; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3001

Identifier: reflexivePossessivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: A possessive pronoun that refers to the subject as the possessor.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "své" as in "Martin mi půjčil své auto." = "Martin lent me his (own) car." This is in contrast to the non-reflexive possessive "jeho" in "Martin mi půjčil jeho auto." = "Martin lent me his (someone else's) car."
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3001 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


relative pronoun

relative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380

Identifier: relativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, for example; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun which introduces a relative clause and refers to something that has been said before.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html + Canoonet
Note: Usually, the relative pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number and gender, while its case comes from its use in its own clause

Example: en: "whom" in "The man whom we saw is tall."
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


interrogative relative pronoun

interrogative relative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3016

Identifier: interrogativeRelativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: relative pronoun

Definition: pronoun which may act as a relative pronoun or an interrogative one
Source: STTS

Example: "warum" in German
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3016 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


punctuation

punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1372

Identifier: punctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Graphical mark used either at word level to indicate an abbreviation or at a text level to separate phrases or sentences.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1372 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relation noun

relation noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2226

Identifier: relationNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: relation noun
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2226 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb

verb; standardized name
verb; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1424

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Element which, singly or in combination with other verbs is used as the minimal predicate of a sentence, co-occurring with a subject.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: If the predicate contains other elements (e.g. object, complement), then it is the verb which more than any other is the unit which influences the choice and extent of these elements. A verb (in many languages) expresses morphological features like tense, mood or person.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1424 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


copula

copula; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1263

Identifier: copula   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Special word that combines the subject of a sentence and its description.
Source: www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/~ts/japanese/copula.html
Note: Copulas are often irregular in many languages. The English word "be" is a copula. It is the verb whose inflection is most irregular in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1263 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


main verb

main verb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1400

Identifier: mainVerb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Main verb in contrast to a modal or an auxiliary.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1400 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


modal

modal; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1329

Identifier: modal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Verb form that is usually used with another verb to express ideas such as possibilities, permission, or intention.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1329 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plain verb

plain verb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3004

Identifier: plainVerb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: verb which has its own semantics
Source:

Example: he drinks water
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3004 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


voice noun

voice noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2253

Identifier: voiceNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: noun of a voice
Source: MAF
Note: used in Arabic, to describe for instance, the voice of a cat, that is a murmur

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2253 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


place noun

place noun; standardized name
place noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3857

Identifier: placeNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing a location
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3857 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


quote

quote; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2081

Identifier: quote   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: unclassified punctuation

Definition: Punctuation usually used to surround a quotation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2081 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


residual

residual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1382

Identifier: residual   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The residual value is assigned to classes of textword which lie outside the traditionally accepted range of grammatical classes, although they occur quite commonly in many texts.
Source: www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/annotate/node16.html#cmobli
Note: For example: foreign words, or mathematical formulae. It can be argued that these are on the fringes of the grammar or lexicon of the language in which the text is written. Nevertheless, they need to be tagged.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1382 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


secondary punctuation

secondary punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2076

Identifier: secondaryPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is not very important with regards to sentence splitting in a text.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2076 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


time noun

time noun; standardized name
time noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3855

Identifier: timeNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing time
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3855 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unclassified punctuation

unclassified punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2080

Identifier: unclassifiedPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that cannot fit in the other sorts of punctuations.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2080 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unclassified residual

unclassified residual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1891

Identifier: unclassifiedResidual   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech not covered by all other definitions.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1891 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verbal noun

verbal noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3858

Identifier: verbalNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: fixed nominal form associated with the derived forms or patterns of the verb
Source: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics IV (2009) Judith Rosenhouse

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3858 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


Nametype
1adjectivesimple
2adpositionsimple
3adverbsimple
4affirmative particlesimple
5affixed personal pronounsimple
6allusive pronounsimple
7articlesimple
8auxiliarysimple
9bulletsimple
10circumpositionsimple
11classifiersimple
12close bracketsimple
13close curly bracketsimple
14close parenthesissimple
15close punctuationsimple
16colonsimple
17commasimple
18common nounsimple
19comparative particlesimple
20compound prepositionsimple
21conditional particlesimple
22conditional pronounsimple
23conjunctionsimple
24coordinating conjunctionsimple
25coordination particlesimple
26copulasimple
27countable nounsimple
28declarative punctuationsimple
29definite articlesimple
30demonstrative determinersimple
31demonstrative pronounsimple
32determinersimple
33diminutive nounsimple
34distinctive particlesimple
35elative nounsimple
36emphatic pronounsimple
37exclamative determinersimple
38exclamative pointsimple
39exclamative pronounsimple
40existential pronounsimple
41foreign textsimple
42foreign wordsimple
43formulasimple
44fused prepositionsimple
45fused preposition determinersimple
46fused preposition pronounsimple
47fused pronoun auxiliarysimple
48future particlesimple
49general adverbsimple
50hyphensimple
51impersonal pronounsimple
52indefinite articlesimple
53indefinite determinersimple
54indefinite pronounsimple
55infinitive particlesimple
56instrument nounsimple
57intensive nounsimple
58interjectionsimple
59interrogative determinersimple
60interrogative particlesimple
61interrogative pronounsimple
62interrogative punctuationsimple
63interrogative relative pronounsimple
64inverted commasimple
65inverted question marksimple
66irreflexive personal pronounsimple
67lettersimple
68main punctuationsimple
69main verbsimple
70manner nounsimple
71mass nounsimple
72modalsimple
73modal particlesimple
74negative particlesimple
75negative pronounsimple
76nounsimple
77number nounsimple
78numeralsimple
79numeral MFormsimple
80numeral approximationsimple
81numeral bothsimple
82numeral digitsimple
83numeral lettersimple
84numeral romansimple
85once nounsimple
86open bracketsimple
87open curly bracketsimple
88open parenthesissimple
89open punctuationsimple
90ordinal adjectivesimple
91part of speechcomplex/closed
92participle adjectivesimple
93particlesimple
94partitive articlesimple
95past participle adjectivesimple
96personal pronounsimple
97place nounsimple
98plain verbsimple
99pointsimple
100possessive determinersimple
101possessive particlesimple
102possessive pronounsimple
103possessive relative pronounsimple
104postpositionsimple
105prepositionsimple
106prepositional adverbsimple
107present participle adjectivesimple
108presentative pronounsimple
109pronominal adverbsimple
110pronounsimple
111proper nounsimple
112punctuationsimple
113qualifier adjectivesimple
114question marksimple
115quotesimple
116reciprocal pronounsimple
117reflexive determinersimple
118reflexive personal pronounsimple
119reflexive possessive pronounsimple
120relation nounsimple
121relative determinersimple
122relative particlesimple
123relative pronounsimple
124residualsimple
125secondary punctuationsimple
126semi-colonsimple
127simple prepositionsimple
128slashsimple
129strong personal pronounsimple
130subordinating conjunctionsimple
131superlative particlesimple
132suspension pointssimple
133time nounsimple
134unclassified particlesimple
135unclassified punctuationsimple
136unclassified residualsimple
137verbsimple
138verbal nounsimple
139voice nounsimple
140weak personal pronounsimple