NEHOL


index

CardinalNumeral

CardinalNumeral; admitted name
CardinalNumeral; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CardinalNumeral; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3103

Identifier: CardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: undecided

Is a: Numeral

Definition: A cardinal numeral is a numeral of the class whose members are considered basic in form, are used in counting, and are used in expressing how many objects are referred to [Crystal 1997: 52].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 52]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Numeral. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3103 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Dictionary

Dictionary; admitted name
Dictionary; Source: INL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2812

Identifier: dictionary   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: undecided

Definition: A reference work in which you can find information on several or all of the following features: word form, spelling, phonetics, meaning, usage and etymology of (parts of) words, collocations, expressions and proverbs.
Source: INL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2812 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Interjection

Interjection; admitted name
Interjection; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Interjection; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3266

Identifier: Interjection   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: undecided

Definition: An interjection is a part of speech, typically brief in form, such as one syllable or word, whose members are used most often as exclamations or parts of an exclamation. An interjection, typically expressing an emotional reaction, often with respect to an accompanying sentence, is not syntactically related to other accompanying expressions, and may include a combination of sounds not otherwise found in the language [Crystal 1997: 200].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 200]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PartOfSpeechProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3266 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


LO

LO; admitted name
LO, LO.IPFV, LO.FUT; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4207

Identifier: LO   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: 'Lo' is a NH TMA marker with two distinct functions: 1) it can be a marker of imperfective aspect, 2) it can be a marker of inchoative or prospective aspect or future tense.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs
Note: When it is indeterminate or ambiguous which of the two functions LO fulfills in a particular occurrence, the non-specific gloss LO is used.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4207 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


LutheranMissionary

LutheranMissionary; admitted name
Lutheran missionary; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5478

Identifier: LutheranMissionary   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A Danish missionary of the Lutheran church.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs
Note: This definition is rather specific, but it is used this way in the NEHOL database metadata.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5478 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


MoravianMissionary

MoravianMissionary; admitted name
Moravian missionary; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5479

Identifier: MoravianMissionary   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A German missionary from the Herrnhuter or 'United Brethren' sect.
Source: based on Oxford English Dictionary, online version September 2012.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5479 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


OrdinalNumeral

OrdinalNumeral; admitted name
OrdinalNumeral; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/OrdinalNumeral; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3361

Identifier: OrdinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: undecided

Is a: Numeral

Definition: An ordinal numeral is a numeral belonging to a class whose members designate positions in a sequence [Crystal 1997: 272].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 272]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Numeral. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3361 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PRO.3

PRO.3; admitted name
PRO.3; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4204

Identifier: PRO.3   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: refers to the form 'die' in Negerhollands, when it functions as a pronominal demonstrative, a third person singular inanimate or impersonal pronoun, or as an expletive subject in an existential construction.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4204 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Preposition

Preposition; admitted name
Preposition; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Preposition; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3419

Identifier: Preposition   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: undecided

Is a: Adposition

Definition: A preposition is an adposition that occurs before its complement [Crystal 1997: 305; Payne 1997: 86].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 305; Payne 1997: 86]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Adposition. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3419 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ProForm

ProForm; admitted name
ProForm; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ProForm; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3423

Identifier: ProForm   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: undecided

Definition: A ProForm is a partOfSpeech whose members usually substitute for other constituents, including phrases, clauses, or sentences, and whose meaning is recoverable from the linguistic or extralinguistic context [Crystal 1997: 310; Schachter 1985: 24-25].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 310; Schachter 1985: 24-25]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PartOfSpeechProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3423 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Quantifier

Quantifier; admitted name
Quantifier; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Quantifier; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3439

Identifier: Quantifier   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: undecided

Definition: A quantifier is a determiner that expresses a referent's definite or indefinite number or amount. A quantifier functions as a modifier of a noun, or a pronoun. [Crystal 1997: 317]
Source: [Crystal 1997: 317]

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PartOfSpeechProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3439 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Syllable

Syllable; admitted name
Syllable; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Syllable; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3511

Identifier: Syllable   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: undecided

Definition: Ladefoged contends that there is no satisfactory definition for this unit of speech, but that syllables seem to be necessary units in the mental organization and production of utterances. However, Crystal defines the syllable as an element of speech that acts as a unit of rhythm, consisting of a vowel, syllabic, or vowel/consonant combination. [Crystal 1987: 431; Ladefoged 2000: 276]
Source: [Crystal 1987: 431; Ladefoged 2000: 276]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FormUnit. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3511 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Text with original spoken data

Text with original spoken data; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4631

Identifier: textWithOriginalSpokenData   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A text consisting of spoken language that has been written down.
Source: R. van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4631 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Text with original written data

Text with original written data; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4632

Identifier: textWithOriginalWrittenData   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A text which is not a reproduction of another already existing text.
Source: R. van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4632 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


adposition

adposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1231

Identifier: adposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that occurs before/inside/after a complement composed of a noun phrase, noun, pronoun or clause that functions as a noun phrase and forms a single structure with the complement to express its grammatical and semantic relation to another unit.
Source: Eagles
Note: Is a cover term for preposition, circumposition and postposition.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1231 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


alphabet

alphabet; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4143

Identifier: alphabet   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: any set of characters representing the simple sounds used in a language or in speech generally.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4143 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


appendix

appendix; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4144

Identifier: appendix   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: An addition subjoined to a document or book, having some contributory value in connection with the subject matter of the work.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4144 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


author

author; preferred name
author; Source: CMDI; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4115

Identifier: author   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: Indication of the author of a piece of writing.
Source: NaLiDa

Example: Examples for a piece of writing: books, short stories, poems, (newspaper/scientific/blog) articles, etc.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4115 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


bible texts

bible texts; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4641

Identifier: bibleTexts   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: Fragments or whole texts from the Old or New Testament.
Source: R. van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4641 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


catechism

catechism; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4139

Identifier: catechism   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: An elementary treatise for instruction in the principles of the Christian religion, in the form of question and answer.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4139 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


collector

collector; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5476

Identifier: collector   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: One who gathers together separate stories, texts, etc. into one compilation.
Source: based on Oxford English Dictionary (online version September 2012).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5476 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


completive

completive; admitted name
COMPL; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5474

Identifier: completive   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: To do something thoroughly and to completion.
Source: Bybee, Perkins, and Pagliuca. 1994: 54.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5474 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


consultant

consultant; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5477

Identifier: consultant   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: One who provides information of any kind, e.g. word meanings, but it can also be linguistic data, e.g. folktales.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5477 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


continent name

continent name; preferred name
continentName; Source: CMDI; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3791

Identifier: continentName   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: Indication of the name of a continent.
Source: NaLiDa

Example: Europe, Asia, Africa
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3791 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Data type: string


conversation

conversation; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2661

Identifier: Conversation   Type: simple   Origin: IMDI: http://www.mpi.nl/IMDI/Schema/Content-EventStructure.xml   Profile: Metadata

Definition: Communication event with more than two participants.
Source: CLARIN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2661 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish


fieldwork notes

fieldwork notes; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4640

Identifier: fieldworkNotes   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: notes made during research conducted in a natural environment, i.e. not in a laboratory or office setting.
Source: based on Oxford English Dictionary (online version December 2011)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4640 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2776

Identifier: pri   Type: simple   Origin: [based on] Urbańczyk, S., ed. (1992). Encyklopedia języka polskiego. Ossolineum, Wrocław.   Profile: undecided

Definition: First [pri] is a value of the grammatical category of person appropriate for participants identified as the speaker.
Source: [based on] Urbańczyk, S., ed. (1992). Encyklopedia języka polskiego. Ossolineum, Wrocław.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2776 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Polish


focus

focus; admitted name
foc; Source: Edisyn search engine; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3047

Identifier: focus   Type: simple   Origin: Edisyn   Profile: undecided

Definition: Focus refers to information that is put in focus. This information is either new or contrastive. In both cases it is of high communicative interest. New information typically occurs late in the sentence. Contrastive focus expresses a contrast with another element in the discourse.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3047 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


focus marker

focus marker; admitted name
FOC; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4196

Identifier: focusMarker   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a morpheme indicating that the element it marks is the focus of the utterance.
Source: R. van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4196 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


folktale

folktale; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5475

Identifier: folktale   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A common people's traditional story.
Source: based on Oxford English Dictionary (online version August 2012).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5475 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


foreign word

foreign word; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1886

Identifier: foreignWord   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word belonging to some language other than that of the surrounding text.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1886 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


future

future; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291

Identifier: future   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the future.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: I will praise
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFocus.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


genitive case

genitive case; standardized name
possessive case; admitted name
genitive case; Source: MAF; data element name
possessive case; Source: SEW (used in English); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1293

Identifier: genitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a possessive relationship (e.g. the boy's book) or some other similarly close connection (e.g. a summer's day).
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is a great deal of variation between languages in the way this case is used.

Example: The boy's book, but the back of the house. In English, inanimate objects are less frequently used with the possessive form.
Source: SEW

Note: Hardly any English nouns decline, but the genitive case is indicated by the endings 's (belonging to one) and s' (belonging to more than one) in such phrases as the dog's bone, the cats' litter box.

Note: The original example is not good at all: The brick of the wall. English would say: the brick in the wall; the brick used in the wall.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1293 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


habitual

habitual; admitted name
HAB; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4206

Identifier: habitual   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Habitual aspect is an imperfective aspect that expresses the occurrence of an event or state as characteristic of a period of time.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsHabitualAspect.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4206 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


hymn

hymn; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4637

Identifier: hymn   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A song of praise to God.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary (online version December 2011)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4637 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ideophone

ideophone; admitted name
ID; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4192

Identifier: ideophone   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Ideophones are marked words that depict sensory imagery.
Source: Dingemanse 2011: 25

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4192 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


imperfective

imperfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1305

Identifier: imperfective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Imperfective aspect is an aspect that expresses an event or state, with respect to its internal structure, instead of expressing it as a simple whole.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

Example: Here are some examples of imperfective aspect: Progressive aspect Example: be + -ing Habitual aspect with Example: used to
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1305 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite pronoun

indefinite pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1309

Identifier: indefinitePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that does not allow reference.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Anybody, somebody
Source: www.atilf.fr IMPERSONNEL Gramm.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1309 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


intensifier

intensifier; admitted name
INS; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4203

Identifier: intensifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: an element which heightens or lowers the intensity of meaning of an item.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnIntensifier.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4203 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


letter

letter; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4145

Identifier: letter   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A written communication addressed to a person, organization, or other body, esp. one sent by post or messenger.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4145 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


narrative

narrative; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4634

Identifier: narrative   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: An account of a series of events, facts, etc., given in order and with the establishing of connections between them (a story).
Source: Oxford English Dictionary (online version December 2011)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4634 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


negator

negator; admitted name
NEG; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4202

Identifier: negator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: element which negates another element.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs
Note: The negated element can be the whole sentence.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4202 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral

numeral; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1334

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that expresses a number or the relation to a number.
Source: GF
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1334 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


participle

participle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1341

Identifier: participle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Non-finite form of a verb other than the infinitive that is used in many languages possibly in conjunction with an auxiliary and that functions attributively, predicatively or adverbially.
Source: Franca Wesseling and Karlheinz Moerth
Note: See "non-finite" entry in this registry

Example: Ex#1 She is writing a piece (writing is a present participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#2 She has written a piece (written is a past participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#3 The piece was written (written is a passive participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#4 He read a written text (written is used as an adjective)
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Ex#5 Laut singend gingen sie in Richtung Haustür (word to word translated as "aloud singing went they in direction door.of.the.house") and correctly translated as "Singing aloud, they moved towards the door." (singend functions as an adverb)
Source: Christian Chiarcos

Explanation: Term referring to a word derived from a verb and used as an adjective.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1341 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


perfective

perfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1352

Identifier: perfective   Type: simple   Origin: Gil Francopoulo   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Perfective aspect is an aspect that expresses a temporal view of an event or state as a simple whole, apart from the consideration of the internal structure of the time in which it occurs.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm
Note: MAF

Example: He walked there.This type of construction expresses a temporal view of walk distinct from those expressed in the following constructions: - He was walking there. - He used to walk there
Source: ww.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1352 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive pronoun

possessive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1359

Identifier: possessivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that expresses ownership and relationships like ownership, such as kinship, and other forms of association.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessivePronoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Mine
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessiveNoun.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1359 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


prayer

prayer; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4141

Identifier: prayer   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A supplication or thanksgiving addressed to God
Source: Oxford English Dictionary

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4141 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


prescriptive writing

prescriptive writing; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4644

Identifier: prescriptiveWriting   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: a writing on how to conduct (in general or in situations mentioned in the writing)
Source: R. van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4644 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


primer

primer; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4635

Identifier: primer   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A devotional manual for the use of lay people, which at the same time aims at learning how to write or read.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary (online version December 2011)
Note: It usually starts with a writing or reading section introducing the alphabet, words for each letter, possibly an overview of syllables etc. The religious part often contains (though of course not necessarily limited to) the Pater Noster, Decalogue, Creed, forms of Grace before and after meals, and certain prayers.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4635 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


pronoun

pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1370

Identifier: pronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word used in place of a noun or a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: In a lot of languages, a pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number, gender or/and case. Some theories use to call a pronoun a "substituting pronoun" to distinguish this term from "attributive pronoun"

Example: She
Source: www.atilf.fr PRONOMINAL B.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1370 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper noun; Source: GF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371

Identifier: properNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that is the name of a specific individual, place, or object.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProperNoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: New York City
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


proverb

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-353

Identifier: proverb   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A brief popular axiom or saying.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-353 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


psalm-book

psalm-book; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4636

Identifier: psalm-book   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A book containing (sacred) songs to be sung in religious worship.
Source: based on Oxford English Dictionary (online version December 2011).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4636 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


punctuation

punctuation; admitted name
PU; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4208

Identifier: punctuation   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: points or other small marks in texts, which aid interpretation, divide a text into sentences, clauses, etc.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4208 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


question word

question word; admitted name
Q; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4205

Identifier: questionWord   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A proform that is used in questions to stand for the item questioned.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOflinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnInterrogativeProForm.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4205 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


reduplication

reduplication; admitted name
REDUP; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4191

Identifier: reduplication   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The process of creating through the repetition of a word another single word with a different meaning and/or a different categorial status.
Source: based on Kouwenberg (2003)

Example: vroe "early", vroevroe "morning".
Source: Sørensen & Bakker 2003: 267.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4191 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


relative pronoun

relative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380

Identifier: relativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, for example; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun which introduces a relative clause and refers to something that has been said before.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html + Canoonet
Note: Usually, the relative pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number and gender, while its case comes from its use in its own clause

Example: en: "whom" in "The man whom we saw is tall."
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


report

report; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4642

Identifier: report   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: An account of a situation, event, etc., brought by one person to another.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary (online version December 2011).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4642 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2777

Identifier: sec   Type: simple   Origin: [based on] Urbańczyk, S., ed. (1992). Encyklopedia języka polskiego. Ossolineum, Wrocław.   Profile: undecided

Definition: Second [sec] is a value of the grammatical category of person appropriate for participants taking part in the speech act but different from the speaker.
Source: [based on] Urbańczyk, S., ed. (1992). Encyklopedia języka polskiego. Ossolineum, Wrocław.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2777 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Polish


sermon

sermon; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4140

Identifier: sermon   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A discourse, usually based upon a text from the Bible, for the purpose of giving religious instruction or exhortation.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4140 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


superlative

superlative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1422

Identifier: superlative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison between more than two entities.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1422 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


textbook

textbook; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4643

Identifier: textbook   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: A book written for the study of a particular subject.
Source: based on Oxford English Dictionary (online version December 2011)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4643 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2778

Identifier: ter   Type: simple   Origin: [based on] Urbańczyk, S., ed. (1992). Encyklopedia języka polskiego. Ossolineum, Wrocław.   Profile: undecided

Definition: Third [ter] is a value of the grammatical category of person appropriate for participants not taking part in the speech act.
Source: [based on] Urbańczyk, S., ed. (1992). Encyklopedia języka polskiego. Ossolineum, Wrocław.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2778 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Polish


title noun

title noun; admitted name
NT; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4193

Identifier: titleNoun   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a term of address, which is not a proper noun.
Source: R. van Sluijs

Example: (Negerhollands:) Bru Roto se Bru Puši am no wēt ēngut fan di. 'Brother Rat says to Brother Cat he does not know anything about it.'
Source: De Josselin de Jong 1926

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4193 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


translation

translation; preferred name
text translation; admitted name
translation; Source: ASTM F 2575-06, 3.1.41; data element name
text translation; Source: http://www.forensic-audio.net/spanish-transcription-vs-audio-translation.php; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3983

Identifier: translation   Type: simple   Origin: ASTM F 2575-06, 3.1.41   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Translation

Is a: language mediation

Definition: The process comprising the creation of a written target text based on a source text in such a way that the content and in many cases, the form, of the two texts, can be considered to be equivalent.
Source: ASTM F 2575-06, 3.1.41

Definition: In the context of localization,the linguistic adaptation of materials, which can range from “simple” translation through to “transcreation”—the creation of functionally equivalent, but linguistically non-equivalent texts.
Source: LISA

Definition: The process of translating text in one language to its equivalent written word in a different language.
Source: http://www.forensic-audio.net/spanish-transcription-vs-audio-translation.php

Explanation: As opposed to interpreting, which involves the mediation of oral or gestural expression, translation involves written documents
Source: ASTM F 2575-06, 3.1.41

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3983 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


translator

translator; preferred name
translator; Source: CMDI; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4124

Identifier: translator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: Indication of the name of a person translating a resource.
Source: NaLiDa

Example: Example: book, article, etc.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4124 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


wordlist

wordlist; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4633

Identifier: wordlist   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Metadata

Definition: a list of words belonging to a specific language or language variant, with a translation of each word in at least one other language or language variant.
Source: R. van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4633 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Nametype
1CardinalNumeralsimple
2Dictionarysimple
3Interjectionsimple
4LOcomplex/open
5LutheranMissionarysimple
6MoravianMissionarysimple
7OrdinalNumeralsimple
8PRO.3simple
9Prepositionsimple
10ProFormsimple
11Quantifiersimple
12Syllablesimple
13Text with original spoken datasimple
14Text with original written datasimple
15adpositionsimple
16adverbsimple
17alphabetsimple
18appendixsimple
19authorcomplex/open
20bible textssimple
21catechismsimple
22collectorsimple
23completivesimple
24consultantsimple
25continent namecomplex/open
26conversationsimple
27fieldwork notessimple
28first personsimple
29focussimple
30focus markercomplex/open
31folktalecomplex/open
32foreign wordsimple
33futuresimple
34genitive casesimple
35habitualsimple
36hymnsimple
37ideophonecomplex/open
38imperfectivesimple
39indefinite pronounsimple
40intensifiercomplex/open
41lettersimple
42narrativesimple
43negatorcomplex/open
44nounsimple
45numeralsimple
46participlesimple
47perfectivesimple
48pluralsimple
49possessive pronounsimple
50prayersimple
51prescriptive writingsimple
52primersimple
53pronounsimple
54proper nounsimple
55proverbsimple
56psalm-booksimple
57punctuationsimple
58question wordsimple
59reduplicationcomplex/open
60relative pronounsimple
61reportsimple
62second personsimple
63sermonsimple
64singularsimple
65superlativesimple
66textbooksimple
67third personsimple
68title nouncomplex/open
69translationsimple
70translatorcomplex/open
71wordlistsimple