MAF


index

abbreviation

abbreviation; standardized name
abbreviation; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1418

Identifier: abbreviation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation formed by omitting words or letters from a longer form and referring to the same concept.
Source: MAF

Example: full form: adjective abbreviation: adj.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Note: This is complex/open right now; in Terminology we can't currently use the same DC because for Terminology /abbreviation/ is one value in the value domain of /term type/. Laurent has suggested a new complex/closed DC: /form type/ and declare abbreviation & it's ilk as values in this value domain. This would be super because then we could use the same simple DCs for both Morphosyntax and for Terminology.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1418 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add affix

add affix; standardized name
add affix; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2201

Identifier: addAffix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the specified affix.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2201 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add after

add after; standardized name
add after; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1831

Identifier: addAfter   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of the MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds a string to the right.
Source: MAF
Note: ex in French, "chanter" => "chantera"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1831 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add before

add before; standardized name
add before; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1829

Identifier: addBefore   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds a string to the left.
Source: MAF
Note: in German "lesen" => "gelesen"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1829 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add component lemma

add component lemma; standardized name
add component lemma; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2202

Identifier: addComponentLemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the lemma of a specific component.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2202 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add component stem

add component stem; standardized name
add component stem; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2204

Identifier: addComponentStem   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the stem of the specified component.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2204 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add first consonant

add first consonant; standardized name
add first consonant; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2198

Identifier: addFirstConsonant   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the first consonant of the operand.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2198 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add first vowel

add first vowel; standardized name
add first vowel; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2199

Identifier: addFirstVowel   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the first vowel of the operand.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2199 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add lemma

add lemma; standardized name
add lemma; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2200

Identifier: addLemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the given lemma.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2200 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add lower case component lemma

add lower case component lemma; standardized name
add lower case component lemma; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2203

Identifier: addLowerCaseComponentLemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the lemma of the component in with the initial letter in lower case.
Source: MAF

Note: Check against MAF: the original definition was an incorrect translation of the French.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2203 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


affix

affix; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1234

Identifier: affix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Letter or group of letters which are added to a word to make a new word.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1234 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


affix rank

affix rank; standardized name
affix rank; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2184

Identifier: affixRank   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Rank of an affix.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2184 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


allomorph

allomorph; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1237

Identifier: allomorph   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: One of two or more complementary morphs which manifest a morpheme in its different phonological or morphological environments.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAllomorph.htm
Note: "s" in "cots" and "digs" has the allomorphs represented phonetically by {-s} and {-z} respectively.

Example: [-s] as in [hQts] 'hats'
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allative_case

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1237 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


animacy

animacy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1902

Identifier: animacy   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: The characteristic of a word indicating that in a given discourse community, its referent is considered to be alive or to possess a quality of volition or consciousness.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1902 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


animate

animate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1911

Identifier: animate   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as alive.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1911 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inanimate

inanimate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1952

Identifier: inanimate   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as not living.
Source: ISO12620

Example: chair (it)
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1952 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


other animacy

other animacy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1953

Identifier: otherAnimacy   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as related to animacy, but without specific reference to the previous items.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1953 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


aorist

aorist; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1240

Identifier: aorist   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Simple past tense that is predominantly used for narration. Both the perfective and the imperfective forms can be used in the aorist without any restrictions.
Source: www.helsinki.fi/~bontchev/grammar/index.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1240 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


apocope

apocope; standardized name
apocopate; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2254

Identifier: apocope   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property concerning the deletion of the final element in a word
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2254 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


aspect

aspect; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1242

Identifier: aspect   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Category associated to verbs and referring to the way the grammar marks the duration or type of temporal activity.
Source: Crystal
Note: MAF

Example: I'll phone my mother tomorrow. (The event is planed as a single completed action.) From now on every week I'll phone my mother. (The action is intended to be completed successfully and repeated more than once.) Tomorrow afternoon I'll be preparing myself for the English language test. (The action will be in progress by tomorrow afternoon.)
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1242 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


cessative

cessative; standardized name
accomplished; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2001

Identifier: cessative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Aspect that expresses the cessation of an event or state.
Source: SIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2001 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


imperfective

imperfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1305

Identifier: imperfective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Imperfective aspect is an aspect that expresses an event or state, with respect to its internal structure, instead of expressing it as a simple whole.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

Example: Here are some examples of imperfective aspect: Progressive aspect Example: be + -ing Habitual aspect with Example: used to
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1305 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


perfective

perfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1352

Identifier: perfective   Type: simple   Origin: Gil Francopoulo   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Perfective aspect is an aspect that expresses a temporal view of an event or state as a simple whole, apart from the consideration of the internal structure of the time in which it occurs.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm
Note: MAF

Example: He walked there.This type of construction expresses a temporal view of walk distinct from those expressed in the following constructions: - He was walking there. - He used to walk there
Source: ww.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1352 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unaccomplished

unaccomplished; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2217

Identifier: unaccomplished   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: aspect that expresses an event or state that is not finished.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2217 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


attributive adjective

attributive adjective; admitted name
attributive adjective; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5242

Identifier: attributiveAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: An adjective that comes before a noun and not after a copula verb, like BE, SEEM, etc.
Source: MAF

Example: The blue car is new. (Here "blue" is an attributive adjective, but "new" is a predicate adjective.)
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5242 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


auxiliary

auxiliary; standardized name
auxiliary; Source: MAF; data element name
auxiliary verb; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1244

Identifier: auxiliary   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs, subordinate to the main lexical verb which help to make distinction in mood, aspect, voice etc.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: Be
Source:

Note: The definition could be refined stylistically: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs used as subordinates to the main lexical verb which help to distinguish mood, aspect, voice etc. One could then cite the source as "Based on Crystal 2003".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1244 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


be

be; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1246

Identifier: be   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb used to link the subject of a sentence and its noun or adjective complement or complementing phrase in certain languages. This verb could be used also to form the passive voice.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=be -> 4)

Example: I am happy !
Source: zeus.inalf.fr Base

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1246 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


bench-level register

bench-level register; standardized name
shop term; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1989

Identifier: benchLevelRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Register of terms used in applications-oriented as opposed to theoretical or academic levels of language.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1989 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


broken plural

broken plural; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2218

Identifier: brokenPlural   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: plural

Definition: Internal plural that do not have any inflection.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2218 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


case

case; standardized name
case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1840

Identifier: case   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: In a given sentence, the way in which the form of a word changes in order to express a relationship with one or several words of the sentence, whereby the morphological modification may apply to nouns, pronouns, and noun phrase constituents, such as adjectives or numerals.
Source: MAF
Note: English marks case only on pronouns: nominative (e.g. I), objective (e.g. me) and genitive (e.g. my) and on nouns: (e.g. boy's and boys'). Latin marks six cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative and ablative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1840 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


abessive case

abessive case; standardized name
abessive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1223

Identifier: abessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the lack or absence of the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: Pei and Gaynor 1954 & Gove 1966

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1223 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ablative case

ablative case; standardized name
ablative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1224

Identifier: ablativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case typically used to indicate locative or instrumental function.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: The case is usually translated into English with a preposition.

Example: By the window, in the doghouse
Source:

Note: Ablative is one of the six locative cases which as their basic meaning correspond to locational prepositions in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1224 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


absolutive case

absolutive case; standardized name
absolutive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1225

Identifier: absolutiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used for nouns in ergative-absolute languages that would generally be the subjects of intransitive verbs or the objects of transitive verbs in the translational equivalents of nominative-accusative languages such as English.
Source: dfki
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1225 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


accusative case

accusative case; standardized name
accusative case; Source: MAF; data element name
accusative; Source: SEW, short form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1226

Identifier: accusativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to indicate a direct object.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1226 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


additive case

additive case; standardized name
additive case; Source: Morphosyntax group; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1229

Identifier: additiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express "to" [or towards] in Basque studies.
Source: SIL

Note: Suggested new definition: In Basque studies, a case that expresses motion to or toward the referent of the noun it marks. Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAllativeCase.htm Note: The term allative case has been used in studies of Finnish and Eskimo. Its synonym additive case has been used especially in studies of Basque. Here the addition of the reference to "motion" clarifies the use of the additive case. Check record for allative case -- it may have similar problems. Otherwise this could be ambiguous because "to" can also express the indirect object in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1229 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adessive case

adessive case; standardized name
adessive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1228

Identifier: adessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of presence 'at' or 'near' a place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: MAF

Note: Adessive is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning is expressed by locational prepositions in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1228 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


allative case

allative case; standardized name
allative case; Source: Member of MAF DCS; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1236

Identifier: allativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of motion 'to' or 'towards' the referent it marks.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: For instance in Finnish.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1236 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


benefactive case

benefactive case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1247

Identifier: benefactiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express that the referent of the noun it marks receives the benefit of the situation expressed by the clause.
Source: SIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1247 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


causative case

causative case; standardized name
causative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1253

Identifier: causativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express that the referent of the noun it marks is the cause of the situation expressed by the clause.
Source: SIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1253 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


comitative case

comitative case; standardized name
comitative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1255

Identifier: comitativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a meaning similar to 'along with' or 'accompagnied by'.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: MAF

Example: A bartommal mentem. The friend-my-with went-I 'I went with my friend.' In Hungarian the suffix used is val/vel
Source:

Note: Found in Finnish, Hungarian and Estonian

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1255 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


dative case

dative case; standardized name
dative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1265

Identifier: dativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case typically used to express an indirect object relationship or a range of meaning similar to that covered by 'to' or 'for' in English, whereby there is a great deal of variation between languages in the way this case is used.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: They fixed him a good lunch. They fixed their guests a good lunch. [Indirect objects 'him' and 'their guests' would be expressed in the dative case in case-dependent languages.
Source: SEW

Explanation: The original example is terrible: They ate themselves a good lunch. This is bad English and not even a true dative (it is a reflexive in English, only marginally comparable to the indirect object.)
Source: www.latl.unige.ch

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1265 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


delative case

delative case; standardized name
delative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1268

Identifier: delativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express motion downward from the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: SIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1268 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


elative case

elative case; standardized name
elative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1276

Identifier: elativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of motion 'away from' from the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: For instance, for Finnish.

Note: Elative is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning corresponds to locational prepositions in English

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1276 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


equative case

equative case; standardized name
equative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1279

Identifier: equativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express likeness or identity to the referent of the noun it marks, whereby it has a meaning such as: 'as', 'like', or 'in the capacity of'.
Source: SIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1279 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ergative case

ergative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1280

Identifier: ergativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used for the subject of a transitive verb as opposed to absolutive case.
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ergative_case
Note: For instance for Basque and Eskimo.

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Language sections: English, French


essive case

essive case; standardized name
essive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1281

Identifier: essiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a state of being.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1281 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


genitive case

genitive case; standardized name
possessive case; admitted name
genitive case; Source: MAF; data element name
possessive case; Source: SEW (used in English); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1293

Identifier: genitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a possessive relationship (e.g. the boy's book) or some other similarly close connection (e.g. a summer's day).
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is a great deal of variation between languages in the way this case is used.

Example: The boy's book, but the back of the house. In English, inanimate objects are less frequently used with the possessive form.
Source: SEW

Note: Hardly any English nouns decline, but the genitive case is indicated by the endings 's (belonging to one) and s' (belonging to more than one) in such phrases as the dog's bone, the cats' litter box.

Note: The original example is not good at all: The brick of the wall. English would say: the brick in the wall; the brick used in the wall.

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Language sections: English, French


illative case

illative case; standardized name
illative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1303

Identifier: illativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of 'motion into' or 'direction towards' the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: Crystal 2003

Note: Illative is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning corresponds to locational prepositions in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1303 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inessive case

inessive case; standardized name
inessive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1311

Identifier: inessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of location or position within a place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: For instance for Finnish.

Note: Inessive is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning corresponds to locational prepositions in English

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1311 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


instrumental case

instrumental case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1316

Identifier: instrumentalCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case indicating that the referent of the noun it marks is the means of the accomplishment of the action expressed by the clause.
Source: SIL
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1316 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


lative case

lative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1323

Identifier: lativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case which expresses motion to a location.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lative_case
Note: For instance, in some Uralic languages like Erzya or Moksha. In finnish, lative is not productive anymore.

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Language sections: English, French


locative case

locative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1326

Identifier: locativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that indicates a final location of action or a time of the action.
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locative_case
Note: MAF

Example: On chital v komnate. (This is Cyrilic)He read-past in room-loc. 'He was reading in the room.'
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


nominative case

nominative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1331

Identifier: nominativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to indicate the subject of a verb.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: Nouns used in isolation have this case.

Example: I did it
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr Tlfi, MORPHEME, A,1

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Language sections: English, French


objective case

objective case; standardized name
objective case; Source: http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000352.htm; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2798

Identifier: objectiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000352.htm   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, object complement and subject of an infinitive.
Source: http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000352.htm
Note: American English grammar teaches 'objective case', while British English grammar may continue to use dative and accusative as borrowed from Latin.

Example: I see him. I brought him a new book. I bought the book for him.
Source: Gil

Explanation: Compared with the strategy of naming these different meanings with difference case names, the argument is that this is all the same case, which is called objective case. This is indeed what every American is taught in school: they learn nominative case (I is of course nominative case), and they learn objective case.
Source: Gil

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oblique case

oblique case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1336

Identifier: obliqueCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that is used when a noun is the object of a verb or a proposition, except for nominative and vocative case.
Source: www.hyperdictionary.com/dictionary/oblique+case +

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Language sections: English, French


partitive case

partitive case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2003

Identifier: partitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that expresses the partial nature of the referent of the noun it marks, as opposed to expressing the whole unit or class of which the referent is a part.
Source: DFKI

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Language sections: English, French


prolative case

prolative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1368

Identifier: prolativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case for a noun or a pronoun that expresses motion within a place or a period of time needed for an event.
Source: MAF
Note: Prolative is widely used in Estonian. There is a great deal of variation about this term in the various dictionaries.

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Language sections: English, French


sociative case

sociative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1388

Identifier: sociativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case related to the person in whose company the action is carried out, or to any belongings of people which take part in the action.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociative_case
Note: This case is not productive any more; nowadays the instrumental-comitative case is usually used instead.

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Language sections: English, French


sublative case

sublative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1392

Identifier: sublativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case for a move of something to the surface of another object.
Source: www.hungarotips.com/hungarian/i/fonev1.html
Note: Be sure it will NOT be inside of the object, only ON the object. Sublative endings: -ra, -re Example sentences: Leteszem a táskát a székre. -- I put the bag on the chair. Felakasztjuk a képet a falra. -- We are hanging up the picture to the wall.

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Language sections: English, French


superessive case

superessive case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1396

Identifier: superessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case indicating location on top of something or on the surface of something.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superessive_case
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


terminative case

terminative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1401

Identifier: terminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that indicates to what or where something ends.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terminative_case
Note: Fir instance in Estonian, jõeni: "to the river" / "as far as the river"

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Language sections: English, French


translative case

translative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1406

Identifier: translativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case indicating that the referent of the noun, or the quality of the adjective, that it marks is the result of a process of change.
Source: SIL
Note: In Finnish, this is the counterpart of the essive case.

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Language sections: English, French


vocative case

vocative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1412

Identifier: vocativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to indicate direct address.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: You're a good man, Charlie Brown
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

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Language sections: English, French


cliticness

cliticness; standardized name
cliticness; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1903

Identifier: cliticness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Categorization of the different types of clitics.
Source: MultText-East
Note: For instance, for Slovene, cliticness has the following values no=ne yes=da bound=navezna

Example: What's going on? ('s is a clitic.) In French, Je t'aime. (t' is a clitic.)
Source:

Explanation: A clitic is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but shows evidence of being phonologically bound to another word. Clitics functions above the word level syntactically and on the word level phonologically, whereas affixes function at the word level both syntactically and phonologically.
Source: Based on http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACliticGrammar.htm

Note: MAF does not distinguish: proclitic, occurring at the beginning of a morpheme and enclitic, occurring at the end of a morpheme. Some languages also distinguish mesoclitics and endoclitics.

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


bound

bound; standardized name
bound; Source: MAF; data element name
bound clitic; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1933

Identifier: bound   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Linked to a particular element.
Source: MAF

Example: In the English expression "I'm", the enclitic " 'm " is bound to the pronoun "I".
Source: SEW

Explanation: The form of the definition is incomplete: A clitic that is linked to a particular element.
Source: SEW

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Language sections: English, French


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

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Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


close bracket

close bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2083

Identifier: closeBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: close punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented by ]
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


close curly bracket

close curly bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2085

Identifier: closeCurlyBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: close punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented by }
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


close punctuation

close punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2079

Identifier: closePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: End of a paired punctuation.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


commonly used

commonly used; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1984

Identifier: commonlyUsed   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Said of a term that appears frequently.
Source: ISO12620

Example: medical history
Source: ISO12620

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Language sections: English, French


complement

complement; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1257

Identifier: complement   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: - A noun phrase that follows a copula or similar verb, as for example an idiot in the sentence He is an idiot. - A clause that serves as the subject or direct object of a verb or the direct object of a preposition, as for example that he would be early in the sentence I hoped that he would be early.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=complement
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


conjugated

conjugated; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2207

Identifier: conjugated   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property of a verbal form when inflected
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


contextual variation

contextual variation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1977

Identifier: contextualVariation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Variation on a particular usage or immediate proximity of words.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1977 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


country coding

country coding; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2092

Identifier: countryCoding   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation of the standard used to code the country.
Source: MAF
Note: For instance, ISO-3166-1

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


definiteness

definiteness; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1926

Identifier: definiteness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property about the possiblity to identify an entity.
Source: MAF
Note: Definiteness in English is generally conveyed through the use of definite determiners, such as "this" or "the". fullArticle and shortArticle are for Bulgarian.

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


definite

definite; standardized name
status emphaticus; admitted name
status determinatus; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2004

Identifier: definite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value referring to the capacity of identification of an entity.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2004 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


full article

full article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1928

Identifier: fullArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: For definiteness, when a specific form is the syntactic subject of the clause.
Source: DFKI
Note: For Bulgarian, for instance.

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Language sections: English, French


short article

short article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1927

Identifier: shortArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: For definiteness, when a specific form is not the syntactic subject of the clause.
Source: MAF
Note: For Bulgarian, for instance.

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Language sections: English, French


degree

degree; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1419

Identifier: degree   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property concerning comparison.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1419 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


comparative

comparative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1421

Identifier: comparative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Comparative is the comparison where only two entites are involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "better" is comparative, "best" is superlative and "good" is positive.

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Language sections: English, French


positive

positive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1420

Identifier: positive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison relationship when no comparison is involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

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Language sections: English, French


superlative

superlative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1422

Identifier: superlative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison between more than two entities.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

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Language sections: English, French


derivation

derivation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1271

Identifier: derivation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Change in the form of a linguistic unit, usually modification in the base/root or affixation to create a new word.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Sometimes derivation signals a change in part of speech, such as "nation" to "nationalize". Sometimes the part of speech remains the same as in "nationalization" vs "denationalization".

Example: Kindness is derived from kind
Source:

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


dialect register

dialect register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1990

Identifier: dialectRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Register that is specific to a dialect.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1990 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


elision

elision; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1277

Identifier: elision   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The omission of a syllable or vowel at the beginning or end of a word, esp. when a word ending with a vowel is next to one beginning with a vowel.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=elision

Example: cats 'n dogs = 'cats and dogs'
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elative_case

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1277 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


etymological root

etymological root; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1987

Identifier: etymologicalRoot   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Morpheme that has a particular status with regards to the word's etymology.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: For instance, in Arabic language, the root has a particular status.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1987 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


expansion variation

expansion variation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1850

Identifier: expansionVariation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of the kind of variation between full and abbreviated forms.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


expletive

expletive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1283

Identifier: expletive   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word which serves no grammatical function, but which fills up a sentence or gives emphasis.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1283 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


facetious register

facetious register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1991

Identifier: facetiousRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Register related to an expression that is intended to be clever and funny but that is really silly and annoying.
Source: Longma DCE
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1991 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


finiteness

finiteness; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1893

Identifier: finiteness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property referring to finite and non-finite status of a verbal form.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1893 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


finite

finite; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1287

Identifier: finite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property applied to a verb form that can occur on its own in an independent sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, all forms except the infinitives and participles are finite. All forms permit contrast in tense and mood.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1287 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


non-finite

non-finite; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1332

Identifier: nonFinite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property related for verb forms occurring on their own only in dependent clauses and lacking tense and mood contrasts.
Source: adapted from Crystal 2003

Example: En. infinitive It took courage to continue after the accident.(En. -ing form) Leaving home can be very traumatic. En. past participle Leave immediately when you are asked to do so.
Source: www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/verbs/xverb3.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1332 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


foreign text

foreign text; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1423

Identifier: foreignText   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Markup used to identify a word, phrase, or extended text as belonging to some language other than that of the surrounding text.
Source: ISO12620

Example: In the German text of DIN EN ISO 9000-1, some terms are retained in English: Vertragliche Anwendung von Beurteilungs- und Genehmigungs- oder Registrierungs-Systemen (second party)
Source: ISO16642

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1423 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


formal register

formal register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1992

Identifier: formalRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Formal register.
Source: 12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1992 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


formula

formula; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1888

Identifier: formula   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Figures, symbols or the like used to express a concept briefly, such as a mathematical or chemical formula.
Source: ISO12620

Example: H2O is the chemical formula for water.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1888 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


future perfect

future perfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1292

Identifier: futurePerfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A verb tense that refers to an action or state of being completed in the future. into English requires the use of the auxiliary verbs will/shall have.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

Note: A verb tense that describes an action that will have been performed by a certain time. [Source] www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=future+perfect Note: In English this tense is formed with "will have" or "shall have" plus the past participle.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1292 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


geographical variant

geographical variant; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1851

Identifier: geographicalVariant   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of a specific form used in a certain region as opposed to another form used in another region
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1851 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


grammatical function

grammatical function; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1296

Identifier: grammaticalFunction   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: [Needs to be finalized]
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1296 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


grammatical gender

grammatical gender; standardized name
grammatical gender; Source: ISO 1262:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1297

Identifier: grammaticalGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Category based on (depending on languages) the natural distinction between sex and formal criteria.
Source: GP

Note: the common value is used for the word combines feminine and masculine [Alternate info from GP, but it needs cleaning up and we need to harmonize a good definition]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1297 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French, German, Italian

Data type: string


common gender

common gender; standardized name
common gender; Source: Morphosyntax set; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1558

Identifier: commonGender   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax set; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: gender used to describe morphological forms that could be either masculine or feminine
Source: agreement on the morphosyntax list with members of TDG-2 + TDG-9 in April 2013
Note: Not all languages have this tradition of having a common value for epicenes. It seems to be the case in Danish and Italian. It is not the case for French.

Example: Although English does not require gender markers, some English nouns are viewed as possessing common gender in the semantic sense. Examples include nouns like spouse, parent, chairperson, etc.
Source: Terminology TDG

Note: The Terminology TDG is not happy with the existing definition and would propose: In some languages, the gender of those nouns belonging to the single gender derived from the earlier masculine and feminine genders and separate from the neuter gender, as in Hittite or modern Danish. Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/common+gender

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1558 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


feminine

feminine; standardized name
feminine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: 247; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females.
Source: ISO12620
Note: In the languages where there is the notion of grammatical gender, the value /feminine/ is frequently attached to a word that has nothing to do with the natural gender. For instance, in French, "le tabouret" (masculine) vs "la chaise" (feminine) is purely idiomatic.

Example: fr: fille, mere
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masculine

masculine; standardized name
masculine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: 246; ISO 12620:1999; Source indicates synonymy with a DC defined for Terminology   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to males.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neuter

neuter; standardized name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: 248; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Although the noun Mädchen, a girl, ostensibly relates to a feminine entity, it is neuter based on the form of the word, since the diminutive ending "chen" reverts to neuter gender regardless of the concept to which the word refers.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


grammatical number

grammatical number; standardized name
grammatical number; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1298

Identifier: grammaticalNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Grammatical category for the variation in form of nouns, pronouns, and any words agreeing with them, depending on how many persons or things are referred to.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=number 12
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1298 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


collective

collective; standardized name
collective; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1254

Identifier: collective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A number referring to a set of things or people.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collective_number

Example: Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like "flock of sheep".
Source: ??

Note: A collective number is a number referring to 'a set of things'. Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like 'flock of sheeps' by using 'sheep' in collective number. [Definition from the MAF standard, but too long]

Note: A collective number is a number referring to 'a set of things'. Note: Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like 'flock of sheep' by using 'sheep' in collective number. [Suggested correction]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1254 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


dual

dual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879

Identifier: dual   Type: simple   Origin: 254; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Form used in some languages to designate two persons or things.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


paucal

paucal; standardized name
paucal; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1350

Identifier: paucal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Number that specifies 'a few' things.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paucal_number
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1350 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


quadrial

quadrial; standardized name
quadrial; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2000

Identifier: quadrial   Type: simple   Origin: Morphysyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property related to four elements.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2000 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


trial

trial; standardized name
trial; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1407

Identifier: trial   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Grammatical number referring to 'three things', as opposed to 'singular' and 'plural'.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trial_number
Note: For instance, for mwotlap. Trial does not exist in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1407 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


graphical separator

graphical separator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1863

Identifier: graphicalSeparator   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Character string that appears between two written forms
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1863 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


have

have; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1299

Identifier: have   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The verb have as an auxiliary.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAuxiliaryVerb.htm

Example: I have eaten
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr Tlfi, NOMBRE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1299 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


hyphen

hyphen; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2077

Identifier: hyphen   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: secondary punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically presented as "-".
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2077 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


image

image; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2249

Identifier: image   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: graphical representation
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2249 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impersonal

impersonal; admitted name
impersonal; Source: MAF; data element name
impersonal verb; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1306

Identifier: impersonal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An impersonal verb is a verb that - occurs only in third person singular forms - has no specified agent , and - has a dummy subject or no subject.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnImpersonalVerb.htm
Note: MAF

Example: It is raining. It is warm today.
Source: SEW

Note: The definitions are not in the proper form. Proposed definition: A verb occurirng in third person singular forms with no specified agent and with either no subject or a dummy subject. Source: Based on www.sil.org (see above)

Note: The following was provided as a definition, but the data model only allows one definition in a standardized specification. See above note for proposed edited definition, although perhaps the following one might provide additional input: Definition: (of a verb) having no logical subject. Usually in English the pronoun it is used in such cases as a grammatical subject, as for example in It is raining. (of a pronoun) not denoting a person www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=impersonal

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1306 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infix

infix; standardized name
infix; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1313

Identifier: infix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix inserted in the middle of a word to change its meaning or part of speech value.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright

Example: In German, the past participle marker "ge" becomes an infix when used with a separable verb: "durchlesen" becomes "durchgelesen".
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1313 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


intensity

intensity; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2197

Identifier: intensity   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Quality of being felt very strongly or having a strong effect
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2197 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


interrogative

interrogative; admitted name
interrogative; Source: Syntax TDG; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1319

Identifier: interrogative   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: An interrogative mood is an epistemic mood that signals that the speaker wishes to elicit information concerning the content of his or her utterance from the addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsInterrogativeMood.htm
Note: MAF

Explanation: Second definition: Denoting or belonging to a class of words, such as which and whom, that are determiners, adjectives, or pronouns and serve to question which individual referent or referents are intended
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=interrogative

Note: Syntactic criterion = Interrogative and relative pronouns enable phrasal expansions.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1319 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


interrogative point

interrogative point; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5243

Identifier: interrogativePoint   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Sign used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5243 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


interrogative punctuation

interrogative punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2087

Identifier: interrogativePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: main punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used when the sentence is interrogative.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2087 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inverted interrogative point

inverted interrogative point; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5244

Identifier: invertedInterrogativePoint   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Punctuation used in certain languages at the beginning of an interrogative sentence.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5244 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


inverted question mark

inverted question mark; standardized name
inverted interrogative point; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2088

Identifier: invertedQuestionMark   Type: simple   Origin: Member of DCS for MAF   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: interrogative punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used in certain languages at the beginning of an interrogative sentence.
Source: GIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2088 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


letter

letter; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1889

Identifier: letter   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Letter.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1889 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


macron

macron; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1327

Identifier: macron   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mark placed over a long vowel to mark quantity.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1327 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


main punctuation

main punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2075

Identifier: mainPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is more important than a secondary punctuation with regards to sentence splitting in a text.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2075 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masdar

masdar; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2224

Identifier: masdar   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property that expresses a verbal idea under an abstract form.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2224 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


modal particle

modal particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1920

Identifier: modalParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle which functions as a modal.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1920 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


morpheme

morpheme; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1330

Identifier: morpheme   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a language.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAMorpheme.htm

Example: unladylike
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1330 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


non spaced pinyin

non spaced pinyin; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1853

Identifier: nonSpacedPinyin   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Pinyin without any space characters
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. BEIYASHI

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1853 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


numeral MForm

numeral MForm; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1939

Identifier: numeralMForm   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral MForm.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1939 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral approximation

numeral approximation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1940

Identifier: numeralApprox   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric approximation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1940 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral both

numeral both; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1938

Identifier: numeralBoth   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric value for two.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1938 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral digit

numeral digit; standardized name
numeral written using digits; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1935

Identifier: numeralDigit   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed by Arabic digits.
Source: GF

Example: "1", "2", "3", "4", "1992"
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1935 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


numeral letter

numeral letter; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1937

Identifier: numeralLetter   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with letters.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1937 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral roman

numeral roman; standardized name
numeral written using roman numerals; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1936

Identifier: numeralRoman   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with roman digits.
Source: MAF

Example: "I", "II", "III", "IV", "V", "VI", "VII", "VIII", "IX", "X"
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1936 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


numerical value

numerical value; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2211

Identifier: numValue   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Numerical value to be interpreted in context.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2211 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


open bracket

open bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2082

Identifier: openBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: open punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is represented graphically as [
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2082 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open curly bracket

open curly bracket; standardized name
open curly bracket; Source: MAF; data element name
open curly brace; Source: UK usage; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2084

Identifier: openCurlyBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: open punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented as {
Source: MAF

Note: Suggested edit: Punctuation mark that is graphically represented as {.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2084 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open punctuation

open punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2078

Identifier: openPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Beginning of a paired punctuation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2078 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


operation

operation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2179

Identifier: operation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Way something such as a principle or law works or has an effect
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2179 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


operator

operator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2235

Identifier: operator   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: action name that can be applied to any number of operands
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2235 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


order

order; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2356

Identifier: order   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A state in which all components or elements are arranged logically, comprehensibly, or naturally
Source: MAF

Explanation: Alternate definition: way things are arranged in relation to each other
Source: Old Syntax definition

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2356 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


owned number

owned number; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1930

Identifier: ownedNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the number of the possessed thing.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1930 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner gender

owner gender; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1416

Identifier: ownerGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the gender of the person that ownes something.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1416 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


feminine

feminine; standardized name
feminine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: 247; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females.
Source: ISO12620
Note: In the languages where there is the notion of grammatical gender, the value /feminine/ is frequently attached to a word that has nothing to do with the natural gender. For instance, in French, "le tabouret" (masculine) vs "la chaise" (feminine) is purely idiomatic.

Example: fr: fille, mere
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masculine

masculine; standardized name
masculine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: 246; ISO 12620:1999; Source indicates synonymy with a DC defined for Terminology   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to males.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neuter

neuter; standardized name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: 248; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Although the noun Mädchen, a girl, ostensibly relates to a feminine entity, it is neuter based on the form of the word, since the diminutive ending "chen" reverts to neuter gender regardless of the concept to which the word refers.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner number

owner number; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1417

Identifier: ownerNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the number of the person that owns something.
Source: GF
Note: Useful for instance in French for pronouns, or in Hungarian for nouns.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1417 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


dual

dual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879

Identifier: dual   Type: simple   Origin: 254; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Form used in some languages to designate two persons or things.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner person

owner person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1929

Identifier: ownerPerson   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the person that ownes something.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1929 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288

Identifier: firstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: First person deixis is deictic reference that refers to the speaker, or both the speaker and referents grouped with the speaker
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFirstPersonDeixis.htm

Example: The following singular pronouns: - I - me - myself - my - mine The following plural pronouns: - we - us - ourselves - our - ours Am, the first person form of the verb be
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=finite ->4

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Language sections: English, French


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384

Identifier: secondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Second person deixis is deictic reference to a person or persons identified as addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsSecondPersonDeixis.htm

Example: Here are some examples of second person deixis: - you - yourself - yourselves - your - yours
Source: zeus.inalf.fr RACINE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402

Identifier: thirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Third person deixis is deictic reference to a referent(s) not identified as the speaker or addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsThirdPersonDeixis.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Here are some examples of items that express third person deixis: - he - she - they the third person singular verb suffix -s He sometimes flies.
Source: www.cusd.claremont.edu/~tkroll/inflection.html#ter

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


paradigm type

paradigm type; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5245

Identifier: paradigmType   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Sub-type of a paradigm class in morphology
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5245 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


part of speech

part of speech; standardized name
part of speech; Source: GP, ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1345

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Common in lexicograpy, terminology, other domains; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Term used to describe how a particular word is used in a sentence.
Source: http://web.archive.org/web/20110720045333/http://people.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1345 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ordinal adjective

ordinal adjective; standardized name
ordinal numeral; standardized name
ordinal numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1338

Identifier: ordinalAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective/numeral/number expressing a numeric ranking.
Source: GF

Example: en: "first", "second", "third", "fourth"
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "první" ("first"), "druhý" ("second"), "třetí" ("third"), "čtvrtý" ("fourth")
Source: DZ

Note: In some theories (e.g. standard Czech grammar) this is considered a subclass of numerals, not adjectives, although it follows adjectival inflection patterns (even in Czech) and behaves syntactically like adjectives.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1338 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


participle adjective

participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1598

Identifier: participleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a verb.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1598 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


past participle adjective

past participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1596

Identifier: pastParticipleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: participle adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a past participle.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1596 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


present participle adjective

present participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1597

Identifier: presentParticipleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: participle adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a present participle.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1597 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


qualifier adjective

qualifier adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1477

Identifier: qualifierAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective used to qualify.
Source: MAF
Note: This is the main class of adjective. For instance "nice".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1477 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adposition

adposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1231

Identifier: adposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that occurs before/inside/after a complement composed of a noun phrase, noun, pronoun or clause that functions as a noun phrase and forms a single structure with the complement to express its grammatical and semantic relation to another unit.
Source: Eagles
Note: Is a cover term for preposition, circumposition and postposition.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1231 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


circumposition

circumposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1906

Identifier: circumposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition which consists of two parts which are positioned ahead and after the adpositional foci.
Source: Academic grammar of new Persian 2005
Note: New Persian circumpositions are classified as simple and genitival circumpositions.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1906 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


postposition

postposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1360

Identifier: postposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition that appears at the end of the noun phrase.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Japanese: doko ni where at, doko e where to
Source:

Example: Korean: Hanguk e to Korea
Source:

Example: Hungarian: kutya nélkl dog without
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1360 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


preposition

preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1366

Identifier: preposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition placed at the beginning of a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: Usually, a preposition indicates position, direction, time or an abstract relation.

Example: into the woods
Source: www.atilf.fr AFFIXE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1366 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


compound preposition

compound preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1934

Identifier: compoundPreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is a aggregation of words
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1934 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


fused preposition

fused preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1901

Identifier: fusedPreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is the result of a morphological merge from at least two words.
Source: gf
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1901 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


simple preposition

simple preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1900

Identifier: simplePreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is a pure simple word in contrast with the notion of fused preposition.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1900 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


general adverb

general adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1435

Identifier: generalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adverb

Definition: Adverb belonging to the general class of adverbs
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1435 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


bullet

bullet; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1438

Identifier: bullet   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Sign used to mark an item in a list.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1438 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


conjunction

conjunction; standardized name
conjunction; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1260

Identifier: conjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that syntactically links words or constituents, and expresses a semantic relationship between them.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConjunction.htm
Note: A conjunction is positionally fixed relative to one or more of the elements related by it, thus distinguishing it from constituents such as English conjunctive adverbs.

Example: In English : Coordinating conjunctions : and, or, but Subordinating conjunctions : because , when, unless
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


coordinating conjunction

coordinating conjunction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1262

Identifier: coordinatingConjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: conjunction

Definition: Conjunction that links constituents.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACoordinatingConjunction.htm
Note: Usually the linked contituents are equal in rank and fulfill identical functions.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1262 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1393

Identifier: subordinatingConjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: conjunction

Definition: Conjunction that links constructions by making one of them a constituent of another. The subordinating conjunction typically marks the incorporated constituent.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASubordinatingConjunctio.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Listen when I speak to you
Source: www.hungarotips.com/hungarian/i/fonev1.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1393 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


definite article

definite article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1430

Identifier: definiteArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article that allows the reference to a specific, identifiable entity (or class of entities).
Source: Crytal 2003
Note: It is usually contrasted with indefinite.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1430 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


determiner

determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1272

Identifier: determiner   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word or affix that belongs to a class of noun modifiers that expresses the reference, including quantity, of a noun.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsADeterminer.htm
Note: some theories use to call a determiner an "attributive pronoun"

Example: All these houses
Source: www.atilf.fr DERIVATION GRAMM. 2.b

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1272 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


demonstrative determiner

demonstrative determiner; standardized name
demonstrative adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1269

Identifier: demonstrativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner used to point to an entity in the situation or elsewhere in a sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1269 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


exclamative determiner

exclamative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1284

Identifier: exclamativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner expressing an emotional utterance and marked with a strong intonation.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1284 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite determiner

indefinite determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1307

Identifier: indefiniteDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner not capable of identification.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1307 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative determiner

interrogative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1320

Identifier: interrogativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1320 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive determiner

possessive determiner; standardized name
possessive adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1357

Identifier: possessiveDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner that expresses ownership.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1357 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive determiner

reflexive determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1377

Identifier: reflexiveDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner that refers to the same entity.
Source: MAF

Example: The groundhog saw his own shadow
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1377 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relative determiner

relative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1379

Identifier: relativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Determiner related to a referent.   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner related to a referent.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1379 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


exclamative point

exclamative point; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1441

Identifier: exclamativePoint   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: declarative punctuation

Definition: Special sign (!) usually used in writing to mark exclamation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1441 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite article

indefinite article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1308

Identifier: indefiniteArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article not capable of expressing identification.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1308 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interjection

interjection; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1318

Identifier: interjection   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word or sound that expresses an emotion.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: An interjection usually lacks grammatical connection.

Example: D'hoo !!!
Source: zeus.inalf.fr INTENSIF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1318 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


common noun

common noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1256

Identifier: commonNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that signifies a non-specific member of a group.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACommonNoun.htm

Example: Planet, orange, and drum
Source: http://www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=common+noun

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1256 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


diminutive noun

diminutive noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2225

Identifier: diminutiveNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: diminutive noun
Source: MIRACL LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2225 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper noun; Source: GF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371

Identifier: properNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that is the name of a specific individual, place, or object.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProperNoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: New York City
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral

numeral; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1334

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that expresses a number or the relation to a number.
Source: GF
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1334 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


particle

particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1342

Identifier: particle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that does not belong to one of the main classes of words, is invariable in form, and typically has grammatical or pragmatic meaning.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAParticle.htm
Note: MAF

Example: up (in set up)
Source: MAR. Lex. 1951

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1342 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


affirmative particle

affirmative particle; standardized name
affirmative particle; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1918

Identifier: affirmativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express affirmation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1918 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


comparative particle

comparative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1922

Identifier: comparativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to compare.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1922 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


conditional particle

conditional particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2230

Identifier: conditionalParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: conditional particule
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


coordination particle

coordination particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2227

Identifier: coordinationParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: particle for coordination
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2227 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


distinctive particle

distinctive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2228

Identifier: distinctiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: distinctive particle
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2228 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


future particle

future particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1919

Identifier: futureParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used in order to express future.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1919 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infinitive particle

infinitive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1896

Identifier: infinitiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express infinitive.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, this particle is "to" like in "to go".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1896 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative particle

interrogative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1921

Identifier: interrogativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1921 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


negative particle

negative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1894

Identifier: negativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express negation.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1894 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive particle

possessive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1895

Identifier: possessiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle expressing ownship.
Source: MAF
Note: For instance, in English, the "'s" of the saxon genitive.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1895 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relative particle

relative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2229

Identifier: relativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: relative particle
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2229 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


superlative particle

superlative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1923

Identifier: superlativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle expressing superlative degree. Superlative is the comparison between more than two entities and contrasts with comparative where only two entities are involved and positive where no comparison is implied.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1923 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unclassified particle

unclassified particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1897

Identifier: unclassifiedParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle that is not covered by other sorts of particle definitions.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1897 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


partitive article

partitive article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1898

Identifier: partitiveArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article expressing a part or quantity.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance "some".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1898 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


point

point; standardized name
dot; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1445

Identifier: point   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: declarative punctuation

Definition: Sign (.) used to expresses the end of a sentence or an abbreviation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1445 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pronoun

pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1370

Identifier: pronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word used in place of a noun or a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: In a lot of languages, a pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number, gender or/and case. Some theories use to call a pronoun a "substituting pronoun" to distinguish this term from "attributive pronoun"

Example: She
Source: www.atilf.fr PRONOMINAL B.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1370 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


affixed personal pronoun

affixed personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2221

Identifier: affixedPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Personnal pronoun that is affixed, i.e. added as an affix to another word.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

Example: pl: "-ń" in "Czekam nań." = lit. "I-am-waiting for-him."
Source: Adam Przepiórkowski

Explanation: In Polish, there are 4 different forms of the 3rd person sg acc/gen personal pronoun: jego (possibly stressed, not after a preposition) go (never stressed, not after a preposition) niego (possibly stressed, only after a preposition) -ń (obviously never stressed, only after a preposition) So, for example, "I am waiting for him" could be in Polish: Czekam na niego. or: Czekam nań.
Source: Adam Przepiórkowski

Note: Whether pronoun affixes are tagged separately depends on tokenization scheme. If the inner boundary of e.g. the Polish "na|ń" is not recognized, the full word can be classified as "fused preposition pronoun".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2221 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


allusive pronoun

allusive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2223

Identifier: allusivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Unité de recherche LSCA SFAX / Tunisie   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that refers to something characterized by allusions.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For example for Arabic.

Example: ar: "كَمْ" ("kam") = "how much", "كَيْتَ" ("kyt") = "in such a way"
Source: http://tagmatica.fr/publications/Aida_TALN2007_Final.pdf

Explanation: It is an invariable noun expressing a specific intention by means of unclear term.
Source: Aïda Khemakhem

Explanation: Allusive pronoun : it is an invariable pronoun expressing a specific intention by means of unclear term: كَمْ , كَأَيٍّ, كَذَا, كَيْتَ وَ ذَيْتَ, بِضْعُ وَفُلَان For « كَمْ » (kam), it has two different uses - It may be a interrogative pronoun: interrogative kam alludes to a number ignored by the questioner waiting for its designation : “ ? كَمْ طَالِبٍ جَاءَ » how many students have come ? - It may be a allusive pronoun: predicative kam alludes to an important number in order to inform about it, not to designate it: “! كَمْ طَالِبٍ جَاءَ » how many students have come! « ! كَمْ أُنَاسٍ » how many people !
Source: Aïda Khemakhem

Explanation: Here are some examples from two well known Arabic-English dictionaries. Unfortunately, I do not have an Arabic keyboard installed so I have to use transcriptions >From Hans Wehr - kam nahaituhu - how often I forbade him >From the Georgetown University Iraqi Arabic-English Dictionary - baas Saar `amra `ashr isniin, gam (= kam) yriid paysikil - He just turned ten, and here [how] he wants a bicycle gam (= kam) yurguS imnil-faraH [how] he jumped for joy
Source: Monte

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2223 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Arabic, French


conditional pronoun

conditional pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2222

Identifier: conditionalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: conditional pronoun
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For example for Arabic.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2222 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


demonstrative pronoun

demonstrative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1270

Identifier: demonstrativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used to point to an entity in the situation or elsewhere in a sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1270 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


emphatic pronoun

emphatic pronoun; standardized name
emphatic pronoun; Source: Multext East; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1941

Identifier: emphaticPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: An emphatic pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used to emphasize its referent.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm

Example: fr: "Moi, je suis français." = "Me, I am French."
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm

Explanation: This is a term used in many gram. books. One can also come across it in descriptions of some Bantu languages. Very often it is used as a synonym of absolute pronoun. Cf. for example Clement M. Doke: Textbook of Zulu Grammar. 1968 (6th edition), p.89. Derek Gowlett: Zone S. In: The Bantu Languages. London, New York. Routledge 2003. p.625. Like many Bantu languages, isiZulu is a pro-drop language. When translating English/French/German pronouns into isiZulu we use class-markers which are prefixed to the verb. In addition, there exist so-called absolute pronouns, i.e. independent, self-standing pronouns which are not necessarily used emphatically or to express contrast. The difference between absolute pronouns and emphatic pronouns (which morphologically appear to be the same) is that the emphatic set of pronouns is used in addition to other class-markers that refer to the same subject/object. Two simple examples from Doke (p.89): Ngi-thanda bona. 1sg-love 3pl-abs_pron I like them. Mina ngi-khuluma iqiniso ... 1sg-emph_pron 1sg-speak truth As for me, I speak the truth ... By the way, in the SIL-glossary (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm) there is a definition and a nice French example: Def.: An emphatic pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used to emphasize its referent. Ex.: Moi, je suis français. ‘Me, I am French.’
Source: Karlheinz Moerth

Explanation: MAF definition: Pronoun marked to show its importance.
Source: MAF

Note: Suggestion: Use the original SIL definition with some modification: A personal pronoun used to emphasize its referent.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1941 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


exclamative pronoun

exclamative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1285

Identifier: exclamativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun marked with an emotional utterance and/or a strong intonation.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: For instance, looking at a nice picture our comment could be either "beautiful!" (simple exclamation) or "how beautiful!" (using "how" as an exclamative pronoun).
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

Explanation: Interrogative pronouns can be used exclamatively (see example). Thus, exclamative pronouns are sometimes considered part of interrogatives.
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1285 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impersonal pronoun

impersonal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1426

Identifier: impersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun lacking person referent.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: de: "man" as in "Man nennt das Pronomen." = lit. "One calls it pronoun." = "It is called pronoun."
Source: DZ

Explanation: The term "impersonal" does not mean "any pronoun but personal". It is rather a pronoun with a function and usage very close to personal pronouns but it does not refer to any particular person. It is close to indefinite pronouns that can refer to an unknown person. However, the usage of the German "man" is specific and different from the indefinite pronoun "jemand" ("somebody"). Constructions with "man" are typically translated using passive to other languages.
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, French


indefinite pronoun

indefinite pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1309

Identifier: indefinitePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that does not allow reference.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Anybody, somebody
Source: www.atilf.fr IMPERSONNEL Gramm.

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Language sections: English, French


interrogative pronoun

interrogative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1321

Identifier: interrogativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1321 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


negative pronoun

negative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1925

Identifier: negativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used in a context of a negation or for expressing a negation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1925 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


personal pronoun

personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1463

Identifier: personalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun referring a person.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1463 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


strong personal pronoun

strong personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1390

Identifier: strongPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: Personal pronoun that can occupy the position after a preposition and/or reinforce a weak personal pronoun.
Source: Eagles
Note: String personal pronouns are in complementary distribution with weak personal pronouns. For instance, in French "toi" is stroong and "il is weak.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1390 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


weak personal pronoun

weak personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1414

Identifier: weakPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: Personal pronoun that cannot occupy the position after a preposition and/or reinforce a strong personal pronoun.
Source: MAF
Note: Weak personal pronouns are in complementary distribution with strong personal pronouns. For instance, in French "toi" is stroong and "il is weak.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1414 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive pronoun

possessive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1359

Identifier: possessivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that expresses ownership and relationships like ownership, such as kinship, and other forms of association.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessivePronoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Mine
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessiveNoun.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1359 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reciprocal pronoun

reciprocal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1924

Identifier: reciprocalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun expressing mutual relationship.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance, the multiword expression "each other".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1924 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relative pronoun

relative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380

Identifier: relativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, for example; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun which introduces a relative clause and refers to something that has been said before.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html + Canoonet
Note: Usually, the relative pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number and gender, while its case comes from its use in its own clause

Example: en: "whom" in "The man whom we saw is tall."
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


punctuation

punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1372

Identifier: punctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Graphical mark used either at word level to indicate an abbreviation or at a text level to separate phrases or sentences.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1372 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relation noun

relation noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2226

Identifier: relationNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: relation noun
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2226 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


semi-colon

semi-colon; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1446

Identifier: semiColon   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: declarative punctuation

Definition: Sign (;) usually used to separate phrases.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1446 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb

verb; standardized name
verb; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1424

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Element which, singly or in combination with other verbs is used as the minimal predicate of a sentence, co-occurring with a subject.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: If the predicate contains other elements (e.g. object, complement), then it is the verb which more than any other is the unit which influences the choice and extent of these elements. A verb (in many languages) expresses morphological features like tense, mood or person.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1424 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


copula

copula; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1263

Identifier: copula   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Special word that combines the subject of a sentence and its description.
Source: www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/~ts/japanese/copula.html
Note: Copulas are often irregular in many languages. The English word "be" is a copula. It is the verb whose inflection is most irregular in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1263 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


main verb

main verb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1400

Identifier: mainVerb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Main verb in contrast to a modal or an auxiliary.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1400 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


modal

modal; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1329

Identifier: modal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Verb form that is usually used with another verb to express ideas such as possibilities, permission, or intention.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1329 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


voice noun

voice noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2253

Identifier: voiceNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: noun of a voice
Source: MAF
Note: used in Arabic, to describe for instance, the voice of a cat, that is a murmur

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2253 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


past perfect

past perfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1348

Identifier: pastPerfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Past perfect tense is an absolute-relative tense that refers to a time in the past relative to a reference point, which itself is in the past relative to the moment of utterance
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPastPerfectTense.htm
Note: MAF

Explanation: Alternate definition: denoting a tense of verbs used in relating past events where the action had already occurred at the time of the action of a main verb that is itself in a past tense. In English this is a compound tense formed with had plus the past participle Note that both definitions need cleaning up if one of them is to be considered in good form.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=past+perfect

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1348 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


perfect

perfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1351

Identifier: perfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A verb tense that refers to completed action in the past. It corresponds to three English tenses.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: She praised
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1351 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


person

person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1328

Identifier: person   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication of grammatical person (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) associated with a given inflected form.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1328 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288

Identifier: firstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: First person deixis is deictic reference that refers to the speaker, or both the speaker and referents grouped with the speaker
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFirstPersonDeixis.htm

Example: The following singular pronouns: - I - me - myself - my - mine The following plural pronouns: - we - us - ourselves - our - ours Am, the first person form of the verb be
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=finite ->4

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Language sections: English, French


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384

Identifier: secondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Second person deixis is deictic reference to a person or persons identified as addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsSecondPersonDeixis.htm

Example: Here are some examples of second person deixis: - you - yourself - yourselves - your - yours
Source: zeus.inalf.fr RACINE

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Language sections: English, French


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402

Identifier: thirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Third person deixis is deictic reference to a referent(s) not identified as the speaker or addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsThirdPersonDeixis.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Here are some examples of items that express third person deixis: - he - she - they the third person singular verb suffix -s He sometimes flies.
Source: www.cusd.claremont.edu/~tkroll/inflection.html#ter

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


phonetic form

phonetic form; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1837

Identifier: phoneticForm   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Representation of the spoken string of a form
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1837 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


pinyin

pinyin; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1852

Identifier: pinyin   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Transcription of Chinese ideograms
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1852 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


pluperfect

pluperfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1353

Identifier: pluperfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A verb tense that refers to action or state of being completed before some other event in the past. Its translation into English requires the use of the auxiliariy verb had.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: They had praised
Source:

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


plural type

plural type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2232

Identifier: pluralType   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: type of plural
Source: MAF
Note: For instance, brokenPlural for Arabic

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


post modifier

post modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1945

Identifier: postModifier   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Situation where the modifier is after the modified.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1945 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


prefix

prefix; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1365

Identifier: prefix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix added before a word to change its meaning or part of speech.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Usually, in English, adding a prefix does not change the part of speech, in contrast with adding a suffix.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1365 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


premodifier

premodifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1943

Identifier: preModifier   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Situation where the modifier is before the modified.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1943 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pronominal

pronominal; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1369

Identifier: pronominal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronominal is a phrase that functions as a pronoun
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPronominal.htm
Note: MAF

Example: That's not the one I wanted
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prolative_case

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1369 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


qualifier

qualifier; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1373

Identifier: qualifier   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Also called MODIFIER : A word or phrase that qualifies the sense of another word; for example, the noun alarm is a modifier of clock in "alarm clock" and the phrase every day is an adverbial modifier of walks in "he walks every day"
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=modifier
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1373 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


quotative

quotative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1375

Identifier: quotative   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The Quotative modality is used when the speakers evidence is based on second hand information.
Source: www.graywizard.net/Conlinguistics/amman_iar/ai_auxiliary_verb.htm#quotative/hearsay
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1375 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


quote

quote; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2081

Identifier: quote   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: unclassified punctuation

Definition: Punctuation usually used to surround a quotation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2081 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


referent type

referent type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1376

Identifier: referentType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of concrete object or concept (the referent) that an expression represents (the reference).
Source: DFKI
Note: Used to distinguish reflexive personal from reflexive possessive pronouns in the Slavic languages. In bulgarian, it also describes a subdivision on the basis os semantic features which have effect on the morpho-syntactic paradigm.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1376 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


personal

personal; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1946

Identifier: personal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property that refers to the person.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1946 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive

possessive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1355

Identifier: possessive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Relative to the possession or association.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=possessive
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1355 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive pronoun

reflexive pronoun; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5246

Identifier: reflexivePronoun   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Pronoun that refers to the subject of the sentence.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5246 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


residual

residual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1382

Identifier: residual   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The residual value is assigned to classes of textword which lie outside the traditionally accepted range of grammatical classes, although they occur quite commonly in many texts.
Source: www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/annotate/node16.html#cmobli
Note: For example: foreign words, or mathematical formulae. It can be argued that these are on the fringes of the grammar or lexicon of the language in which the text is written. Nevertheless, they need to be tagged.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1382 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


romanization

romanization; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1873

Identifier: romanization   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Transcription or transliteration from non-Latin script into Latin script.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1873 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


script

script; preferred name
script; Source: ISO 15924; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1855

Identifier: script   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 15924   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Set of graphic characters used for the written form of one or more languages.
Source: ISO-IEC 10646-1, 4.14
Note: MAF

Note: A collection of letters and other written signs used to represent textual information in one or more writing systems. [UNICODE definition; review for harmonization]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1855 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


secondary punctuation

secondary punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2076

Identifier: secondaryPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is not very important with regards to sentence splitting in a text.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2076 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


space

space; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2189

Identifier: space   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Empty area between words, lines or columns
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2189 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


substantive adjective

substantive adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1394

Identifier: substantiveAdjective   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An adjective that modifies an implied, but not expressed, noun. When translating such an adjective into English, you must supply the missing noun.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1394 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


substitute

substitute; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1832

Identifier: substitute   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that replaces N characters at position X by a string
Source: MAF
Note: e.g. in English, the internal plural of "foot" will give "feet" by means of a substitution of 2 characters inside the lemmatised form.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1832 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


suffix

suffix; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1395

Identifier: suffix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix added at the end of the word to change its meaning or part of speech.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Usually in English, adding a suffix change the part of speech, in contrast with adding a prefix.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1395 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


supine

supine; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1397

Identifier: supine   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The supine form of the verb in Swedish is used with the auxiliary verb ha (`to have') to form the perfective. The supine form is easy to spot a verb form that always ends with a t.
Source: www-linguistics.stanford.edu/linguistics/semgroup/archive/1999/sf_sells.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1397 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


symbol

symbol; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1398

Identifier: symbol   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A non-splittable sequence of letters, numbers or signs that represents a particular meaning.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. Fe is the chemical symbol for iron.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1398 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: French

Data type: string


syntactic category

syntactic category; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5251

Identifier: syntacticCategory   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: A syntactic category is a set of words and/or phrases in a language which share a significant number of common characteristics. The classification is based on similar structure and sameness of distribution (the structural relationships between these elements and other items in a larger grammatical structure), and not on meaning.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASyntacticCategory.htm
Note: In generative grammar, a syntactic category is symbolized by a node label in a constituent structure tree.

Example: "Le petit chat mange la souris dans la salle de bain" : "le petit chat", "mange la souris", "la souris", "dans la salle de bain", "la salle de bain" are syntactic constituents.
Source: Susanne Salmon-Alt

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5251 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic constituent

syntactic constituent; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5247

Identifier: syntacticConstituent   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: A constituent is one of two or more grammatical units that enter syntactically or morphologically into a construction at any level.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5247 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic function

syntactic function; standardized name
syntactic function; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2244

Identifier: syntacticFunction   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The grammatical relationship of one constituent to another within a syntactic construction.
Source: MAF

Example: Subject, indirect object, direct object
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2244 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


direct object

direct object; admitted name
direct object; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1274

Identifier: directObject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase whose referent receives the direct action of a verb.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=direct+object

Example: A book is the direct object in the sentence ' They bought Anne a book'.
Source: csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/4/lee/lfg99-lee.html

Explanation: A direct object is a grammatical relation that exhibits a combination of certain independent syntactic properties, such as the following: - The usual grammatical characteristics of the patient of typically transitive verbs - A particular case marking - A particular clause position - The conditioning of an agreement affix on the verb - The capability of becoming the clause subject in passivization - The capability of reflexivization
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsADirectObject.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1274 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indirect object

indirect object; admitted name
indirect object; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1310

Identifier: indirectObject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase indicating the recipient or beneficiary of the action of a verb and its direct object.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=indirect%20object

Example: 'John' in the sentence 'I bought John a newspaper'.
Source: Gil

Explanation: An indirect object is a grammatical relation that is one means of expressing the semantic role of goal and other similar roles. It is proposed for languages in which the role is distinct from the direct object and the oblique object on the basis of multiple independent syntactic or morphological criteria, such as the following: - Having a particular case marking, commonly dative - Governing an agreement affix on the verb, such as person or number - Being distinct from oblique relations in that it may be relativized
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnIndirectObject.htm ;

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1310 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subject

subject; admitted name
subject; Source: Member of MAF DCS; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1391

Identifier: subject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A word, phrase, or formal expression about which something is predicated or stated in a sentence.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=subject

Example: The cat in the sentence: The cat catches mice.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAStem.htm

Note: This statement is patently false!! The noun or pronoun that, with all its modifiers, immediately precedes the verb. He is defined entirely in terms of position. Not true in English: Here is the dog. Did you see him? I did, and so did my father. In German: Den Hund habe ich gestern gesehen. www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html Suggested definition: The person or thing that a sentence is about, that is performing an action, or being described. Source: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_subject_of_a_sentence

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1391 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


syntactic type

syntactic type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1948

Identifier: syntacticType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of part of speech.
Source: Multext-East
Note: For instance, syntacticType is used to distinguish the nominal and adjectival function of pronouns in Slovene and Czech.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1948 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


tense

tense; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1286

Identifier: grammaticalTense   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property referring to the way the grammar marks the time at which the action denoted by the verb took place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is no easily stateable relationship between tense and time. Tense forms can be used to signal meanings other than temporal ones. For instance, in English, the past tense "knew" in "I wish I knew" means a tentative meaning not past time.

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Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


future

future; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291

Identifier: future   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the future.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: I will praise
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFocus.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


imperfect

imperfect; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1304

Identifier: imperfect   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that refers to action in the past that is incomplete or ongoing.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: It is translated into English with the auxiliary was, were, or alternatively with other formulae.

Example: She was praising
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


past

past; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1347

Identifier: past   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Past tense is an absolute tense that refers to a time before the moment of utterance.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPastTense.htm
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1347 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


present

present; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1367

Identifier: present   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the present.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: He praises
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

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Language sections: English, French


transcription

transcription; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1849

Identifier: transcription   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Form resulting from a coherent method of writing down speech sounds
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


transgressive

transgressive; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1404

Identifier: transgressive   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: present (action in the same time as of the predicate): The dog going through the house barks. past (action premature to the one of predicate): He has started to read the book after he had sat down.
Source: ark.wz.cz/cidarke/mverb.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1404 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech

Data type: string


transitivity

transitivity; admitted name
transitivity; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5266

Identifier: transitivity   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Suggested for addition to MAF   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A property of verbs that relates to whether a verb can take direct objects and how many such objects a verb can take.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transitivity_(grammar)

Note: Added in order to provide a complex/closed DC to accommodate transitive, intransitive, etc.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5266 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


ditransitive

ditransitive; admitted name
ditransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
bitransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
ditransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name
bitransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1275

Identifier: ditransitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Ditransitivity (or Bitransitivity) is a term which describes a verb or clause which takes two objects.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsDitransitivity.htm
Note: MAF

Example: In the following sentence, "tell" is a ditransitive verb: - She told him a story.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=direct+object

Explanation: The definition is not in proper form: Property of a verb indicating that it takes two objects.
Source: SEW

Explanation: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/. Furthermore, there needs to be a reference to monotransitive, verbs that have only one object.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1275 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


intransitive

intransitive; admitted name
intransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
intransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1322

Identifier: intransitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Refers to a verb that does not take a direct object; that is, to a verb that does not express an action which directly affects another person or thing.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: They fall.
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

Note: Bring transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive into conformance with regard to definition. One option might be: Property of a verb which does not takes a direct object, such that the verb does not express an action which directly affects another person or thing.

Note: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1322 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


monotransitive

monotransitive; admitted name
monotransitive; Source: SEW, suggested for MAF; data element name
monotransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5265

Identifier: monotransitive   Type: simple   Origin: Suggested for MAF as counterpart to ditransitive   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Property of a verb indicating that it takes one object.
Source: SEW

Example: The dog bit his master.
Source: SEW

Note: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5265 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transitive

transitive; admitted name
transitive; Source: MAF; data element name
transitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1405

Identifier: transitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A verb which takes a direct object; that is, a verb that expresses an action which directly affects another person or thing.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: The man has a horse
Source: ark.wz.cz/cidarke/mverb.html

Note: Bring transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive into conformance with regard to definition. The form given here is one option. A parallel option might be: Property of a verb which takes a direct object, such that the verb expresses an action which directly affects another person or thing.

Note: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1405 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


transliteration

transliteration; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1848

Identifier: transliteration   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Form resulting from the conversion of one writing system into another
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1848 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


unclassified punctuation

unclassified punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2080

Identifier: unclassifiedPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that cannot fit in the other sorts of punctuations.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2080 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unclassified residual

unclassified residual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1891

Identifier: unclassifiedResidual   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech not covered by all other definitions.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1891 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unspecified

unspecified; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1908

Identifier: unspecified   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the absence of specification.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1908 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb form mood

verb form mood; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1427

Identifier: verbFormMood   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, undecided

Definition: One of a set of distinctive forms that are used to signal modality. Modality is a facet of illocutionary point or general intent of a speaker, or a speaker's degree of commitment to the expressed proposition's believability, obligatoriness, desirability or reality.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1427 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


conditional

conditional; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1258

Identifier: conditional   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A conditional relation is a logical relation in which the illocutionary act employing one of a pair of propositions is expressed or implied to be true or in force if the other proposition is true.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConditionalRelation.htm

Example: ``If he comes' is a conditional clause in the sentence ``If he comes I shall go'
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=conditional

Example: If you give her the ring, then you are married to her.I hereby pronounce you married.Are you married to her?Do marry her.If only you would marry her!
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr Tlfi, COMPLEMENT, C.1, Gramm.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1258 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


gerundive

gerundive; standardized name
gerund; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2243

Identifier: gerundive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property for a non-finite form of a verb other than the infinitive.
Source: MAF
Note: for instance, "smoking" in "smoking is forbidden"

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Language sections: English, French


imperative

imperative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1844

Identifier: imperative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood used to express an order.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1844 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indicative

indicative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1885

Identifier: indicative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood value used in the expression of statements and questions.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: Indicative is usually seen in contrast to imperative or subjunctive moods.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1885 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infinitive

infinitive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1312

Identifier: infinitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood cited as unmarked or base form.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, then infinitive form may be used alone or in conjunction with the particle "to".

Example: To praise
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


participle

participle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1341

Identifier: participle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Non-finite form of a verb other than the infinitive that is used in many languages possibly in conjunction with an auxiliary and that functions attributively, predicatively or adverbially.
Source: Franca Wesseling and Karlheinz Moerth
Note: See "non-finite" entry in this registry

Example: Ex#1 She is writing a piece (writing is a present participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#2 She has written a piece (written is a past participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#3 The piece was written (written is a passive participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#4 He read a written text (written is used as an adjective)
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Ex#5 Laut singend gingen sie in Richtung Haustür (word to word translated as "aloud singing went they in direction door.of.the.house") and correctly translated as "Singing aloud, they moved towards the door." (singend functions as an adverb)
Source: Christian Chiarcos

Explanation: Term referring to a word derived from a verb and used as an adjective.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1341 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subjunctive

subjunctive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1843

Identifier: subjunctive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood often used to express uncertainty, whishes or desires.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


voice

voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1413

Identifier: voice   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Way sentences may alter the relationship between the subject and object of a verb, without changing the meaning of the sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, the active voice is for instance "the cat bit the dog" and contrasts with the passive voice like in "The dog was bitten by the cat".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1413 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


active voice

active voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1227

Identifier: activeVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the situation where the grammatical subject is also the semantic actor of the verb.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, the active voice is for instance "the cat bit the dog" and contrasts with the passive voice like in "The dog was bitten by the cat".

Example: She threw the ball, They ate my lunch
Source: zeus.inalf.fr ACTIF

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Language sections: English, French


middle voice

middle voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1983

Identifier: middleVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value for middle voice that expresses that the subject is both the agent and object, or that the subject is separate from the agent or that the receiver is the agent him/herself.
Source: Dictionnaire de linguistique Larousse 2002
Note: For instance, for Greek or Sanskrit.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1983 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


passive voice

passive voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1346

Identifier: passiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Term referring to a situation where the grammatical subject is typically the recipient or goal of the action denoted by the verb.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: Passive contrasts with active voice and for some languages like Greek with middle voice.

Example: My lunch was eaten by them
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr-> Tlfi, 2.PASSIF C.1,a

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1346 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


written form

written form; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1836

Identifier: writtenForm   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Representation of the written string of a form
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1836 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


zu inclusion

zu inclusion; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1954

Identifier: zuInclusion   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Inclusion of zu.
Source: DFKI
Note: Some German infinitives have the particle zu incorporated. With all other infinitives, the zu precedes immediately, for certain situations like with the conjunction um which is reigning infinitive. The value "no" means normal infinitive, no zu incorporated. The value "yes" is used with infinitives with incorporated zu. It does not apply to primary and modal auxiliaries, as the infinitives do not include the zu.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1954 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


Nametype
1abbreviationcomplex/open
2abessive casesimple
3ablative casesimple
4absolutive casesimple
5accusative casesimple
6active voicesimple
7add affixcomplex/open
8add aftercomplex/open
9add beforecomplex/open
10add component lemmacomplex/open
11add component stemcomplex/open
12add first consonantcomplex/open
13add first vowelcomplex/open
14add lemmacomplex/open
15add lower case component lemmacomplex/open
16additive casesimple
17adessive casesimple
18adjectivesimple
19adpositionsimple
20adverbsimple
21affirmative particlesimple
22affixcomplex/open
23affix rankcomplex/open
24affixed personal pronounsimple
25allative casesimple
26allomorphcomplex/open
27allusive pronounsimple
28animacycomplex/closed
29animatesimple
30aoristcomplex/open
31apocopecomplex/open
32aspectcomplex/closed
33attributive adjectivesimple
34auxiliarysimple
35besimple
36bench-level registersimple
37benefactive casesimple
38boundsimple
39broken pluralsimple
40bulletsimple
41casecomplex/closed
42causative casesimple
43cessativesimple
44circumpositionsimple
45cliticnesscomplex/closed
46close bracketsimple
47close curly bracketsimple
48close parenthesissimple
49close punctuationsimple
50collectivesimple
51colonsimple
52comitative casesimple
53commasimple
54common gendersimple
55common nounsimple
56commonly usedsimple
57comparativesimple
58comparative particlesimple
59complementcomplex/open
60compound prepositionsimple
61conditionalsimple
62conditional particlesimple
63conditional pronounsimple
64conjugatedcomplex/open
65conjunctionsimple
66contextual variationcomplex/open
67coordinating conjunctionsimple
68coordination particlesimple
69copulasimple
70country codingcomplex/open
71dative casesimple
72definitesimple
73definite articlesimple
74definitenesscomplex/closed
75degreecomplex/closed
76delative casesimple
77demonstrative determinersimple
78demonstrative pronounsimple
79derivationcomplex/open
80determinersimple
81dialect registersimple
82diminutive nounsimple
83direct objectsimple
84distinctive particlesimple
85ditransitivesimple
86dualsimple
87elative casesimple
88elisioncomplex/open
89emphatic pronounsimple
90equative casesimple
91ergative casesimple
92essive casesimple
93etymological rootcomplex/open
94exclamative determinersimple
95exclamative pointsimple
96exclamative pronounsimple
97expansion variationcomplex/open
98expletivecomplex/open
99facetious registersimple
100femininesimple
101finitesimple
102finitenesscomplex/closed
103first personsimple
104foreign textsimple
105formal registersimple
106formulasimple
107full articlesimple
108fused prepositionsimple
109futuresimple
110future particlesimple
111future perfectcomplex/open
112general adverbsimple
113genitive casesimple
114geographical variantcomplex/open
115gerundivesimple
116grammatical functioncomplex/closed
117grammatical gendercomplex/closed
118grammatical numbercomplex/closed
119graphical separatorcomplex/open
120havesimple
121hyphensimple
122illative casesimple
123imagesimple
124imperativesimple
125imperfectsimple
126imperfectivesimple
127impersonalsimple
128impersonal pronounsimple
129inanimatesimple
130indefinite articlesimple
131indefinite determinersimple
132indefinite pronounsimple
133indicativesimple
134indirect objectsimple
135inessive casesimple
136infinitivesimple
137infinitive particlesimple
138infixcomplex/open
139instrumental casesimple
140intensitycomplex/open
141interjectionsimple
142interrogativecomplex/open
143interrogative determinersimple
144interrogative particlesimple
145interrogative pointsimple
146interrogative pronounsimple
147interrogative punctuationsimple
148intransitivesimple
149inverted commasimple
150inverted interrogative pointsimple
151inverted question marksimple
152lative casesimple
153lettersimple
154locative casesimple
155macroncomplex/open
156main punctuationsimple
157main verbsimple
158masculinesimple
159masdarcomplex/open
160middle voicesimple
161modalsimple
162modal particlesimple
163monotransitivesimple
164morphemecomplex/open
165negative particlesimple
166negative pronounsimple
167neutersimple
168nosimple
169nominative casesimple
170non spaced pinyincomplex/open
171non-finitesimple
172nounsimple
173numeralsimple
174numeral MFormsimple
175numeral approximationsimple
176numeral bothsimple
177numeral digitsimple
178numeral lettersimple
179numeral romansimple
180numerical valuecomplex/open
181objective casesimple
182oblique casesimple
183open bracketsimple
184open curly bracketsimple
185open parenthesissimple
186open punctuationsimple
187operationcomplex/open
188operatorcomplex/open
189ordercomplex/open
190ordinal adjectivesimple
191other animacysimple
192owned numbercomplex/closed
193owner gendercomplex/closed
194owner numbercomplex/closed
195owner personcomplex/closed
196paradigm typecomplex/open
197part of speechcomplex/closed
198participlesimple
199participle adjectivesimple
200particlesimple
201partitive articlesimple
202partitive casesimple
203passive voicesimple
204pastsimple
205past participle adjectivesimple
206past perfectcomplex/open
207paucalsimple
208perfectcomplex/open
209perfectivesimple
210personcomplex/closed
211personalsimple
212personal pronounsimple
213phonetic formcomplex/open
214pinyincomplex/open
215pluperfectcomplex/open
216pluralsimple
217plural typecomplex/open
218pointsimple
219positivesimple
220possessivesimple
221possessive determinersimple
222possessive particlesimple
223possessive pronounsimple
224post modifiersimple
225postpositionsimple
226prefixcomplex/open
227premodifiersimple
228prepositionsimple
229presentsimple
230present participle adjectivesimple
231prolative casesimple
232pronominalsimple
233pronounsimple
234proper nounsimple
235punctuationsimple
236quadrialsimple
237qualifiercomplex/open
238qualifier adjectivesimple
239question marksimple
240quotativecomplex/open
241quotesimple
242reciprocal pronounsimple
243referent typecomplex/closed
244reflexive determinersimple
245reflexive pronouncomplex/open
246relation nounsimple
247relative determinersimple
248relative particlesimple
249relative pronounsimple
250residualsimple
251romanizationcomplex/open
252scriptcomplex/open
253second personsimple
254secondary punctuationsimple
255semi-colonsimple
256short articlesimple
257simple prepositionsimple
258singularsimple
259slashsimple
260sociative casesimple
261spacecomplex/open
262strong personal pronounsimple
263subjectsimple
264subjunctivesimple
265sublative casesimple
266subordinating conjunctionsimple
267substantive adjectivecomplex/open
268substitutecomplex/open
269suffixcomplex/open
270superessive casesimple
271superlativesimple
272superlative particlesimple
273supinecomplex/open
274suspension pointssimple
275symbolcomplex/open
276syntactic categorycomplex/open
277syntactic constituentcomplex/open
278syntactic functioncomplex/closed
279syntactic typecomplex/closed
280tensecomplex/closed
281terminative casesimple
282third personsimple
283transcriptioncomplex/open
284transgressivecomplex/open
285transitivesimple
286transitivitycomplex/closed
287translative casesimple
288transliterationcomplex/open
289trialsimple
290unaccomplishedsimple
291unclassified particlesimple
292unclassified punctuationsimple
293unclassified residualsimple
294unspecifiedsimple
295verbsimple
296verb form moodcomplex/closed
297vocative casesimple
298voicecomplex/closed
299voice nounsimple
300weak personal pronounsimple
301written formcomplex/open
302yessimple
303zu inclusioncomplex/closed