profile: Syntax


index

PP complement label

PP complement label; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5610

Identifier: ppComplementLabel   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: Type of complement following the preposition (NP or clauses)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5610 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


Constituent

Constituent; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1261

Identifier: syntacticConstituent   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A constituent is one of two or more grammatical units that enter syntactically or morphologically into a construction at any level.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConstituent.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1261 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


NP Index

NP Index; admitted name
npIndex; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5603

Identifier: npIndex   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: An index (NPIndex) is used to mark co-reference in constructions with control phenomena (such as NPIndex=I coreferenceRelation=I).
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5603 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


Syntax

Syntax; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1399

Identifier: syntax   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The relationship of words to each other in a sentence
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

Explanation: English syntax is almost wholly determined by word order, whereas in Latin word order is much less important in determing who did what to whom.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1399 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


Verb frame

Verb frame; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1411

Identifier: verbFrame   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ?   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A word used to express an action or state of being. Finite verbs have five variables: person, number, tense, mood, and voice.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html + Gil Francopoulo
Note: see syntactic frame that is more general that verb frame because in some languages there are frames attached to nouns (for predicative nouns in French for instance).

Note: Pragmatic criterion = A verbal process is located to parameters concerning the situation of enonciation (person, spatial and temporal localization).

Note: Semantic criterion = A verb is a morphological unit to which frames (roles like agent, patient, goal,...) can be associated.

Note: Syntactic criterion = A verb is a morphological unit which is the head of a syntactic constituent, i.e. a verbal phrase VP.

Note: Morphological criterion = A verb is morphological unit to which the features mood and tense apply, in combination with the morphological features person, number and for participles also the feature gender. Remark :It exists a range of so called defective verbs, that is verbs which haven't the whole paradigm of inflected forms.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1411 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adjective chunk

adjective chunk; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2290

Identifier: adjectiveChunk   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: chunk headed by an adjective
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2290 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adjective phrase

adjective phrase; standardized name
AP; admitted name
adjectival phrase; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2258

Identifier: adjectivePhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase headed by an adjective
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2258 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adjectiveModifier

adjectiveModifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2269

Identifier: adjectiveModifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation in which the modified is an adjective
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2269 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adjunct

adjunct; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2308

Identifier: adjunct   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: optional or secondary grammatical unit that may be removed without the structural identity of the rest of the construction being affected
Source:
Note: adverbs are usually adjuncts, like in "Peter kicked the ball" instead of "Peter kicked the ball yesterday"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2308 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adposition chunk

adposition chunk; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2292

Identifier: adpositionChunk   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: chunk introduced by one or several adpositions that are not necessarily contiguous and on the same end of the chunk
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2292 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adposition phrase

adposition phrase; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2285

Identifier: adpositionPhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase introduced by one or several adpositions and containing a complement such as a noun phrase
Source:
Note: the adpositions are not necessarily contiguous and on the same end of the phrase

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2285 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adverb chunk

adverb chunk; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2294

Identifier: adverbChunk   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: chunk headed by an adverb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2294 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adverb modifier

adverb modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2270

Identifier: adverbModifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation in which the modified is an adverb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2270 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adverb phrase

adverb phrase; standardized name
RP; admitted name
adverbial phrase; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2259

Identifier: adverbPhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase headed by an adverb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2259 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


annotation

annotation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2318

Identifier: annotation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: Syntax, Morphosyntax, Semantic Content Representation

Definition: information added to a word, phrase, clause, sentence, a text or a relation among them
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2318 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


annotation deepness

annotation deepness; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2329

Identifier: annotationDeepness   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: level of information richness, the annotation is able to describe
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2329 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


deep parsing

deep parsing; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2332

Identifier: deepParsing   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: process of fully building the clauses and relations in a sentence
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2332 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


shallow parsing

shallow parsing; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2331

Identifier: shallowParsing   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: process of building the chunks in a sentence
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2331 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


tagging

tagging; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2330

Identifier: tagging   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: process of labeling the correct part of speech information for every word
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2330 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


annotation style

annotation style; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2325

Identifier: annotationStyle   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: style of annotation
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2325 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


embedded notation

embedded notation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2327

Identifier: embeddedNotation   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: annotation that is added in the text
Source:
Note: the original organization of the text is modified

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2327 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


mixed notation

mixed notation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2328

Identifier: mixedNotation   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: hybrid style annotation where standoff and embedded are mixed
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2328 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


annotation type

annotation type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2321

Identifier: annotationType   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: type of annotation
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2321 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


constituency

constituency; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2322

Identifier: constituency   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: mechanism allowing the construction of words into phrases, phrases into clauses, and clauses into sentences
Source:
Note: the construction of sentences into text is not usually called constituency

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2322 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


constituency and dependency

constituency and dependency; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2324

Identifier: constituencyAndDependency   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: union of constituency and dependency
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


dependency

dependency; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2323

Identifier: dependency   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: mechanism allowing the linking of words, phrases, and clauses
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2323 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


apposed

apposed; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2338

Identifier: apposed   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: property of being in apposition
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2338 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


apposition

apposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2273

Identifier: apposition   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation between linguistic units that share the same (or similar) referent
Source:
Note: Smith, the barber, came in

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2273 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


attribute

attribute; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2267

Identifier: attribute   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation concerning an adjective or a noun when it occurs as modifier of the head of a noun phrase
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2267 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


auxiliairy

auxiliairy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2262

Identifier: auxiliary   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation between a subordinate verb and the main verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2262 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


capitalization

capitalization; preferred name
c; admitted name
C; admitted name
capitalization; Source: ATA Framework; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2808

Identifier: capitalization   Type: complex/open   Origin: ATA Framwork   Profiles: Translation, Syntax

Definition: translation error that occurs when the conventions of the target language concerning upper and lower case usage are not followed
Source: ATA Framework

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2808 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


chunk

chunk; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2284

Identifier: chunk   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: flat sequence of words typically containing more than one word
Source:
Note: A chunk cannot contain any sub-structures. A chunk is frequently similar to a phrase

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2284 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


clause

clause; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2295

Identifier: clause   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: unit of grammatical organization smaller or equals to the sentence but larger than phrases and words
Source:
Note: The traditional classification is of clausal units into main (independent or superordinate) and subordinate (or dependent) clauses, e.g. the boy arrived (main clause) after the rain started (subordinate clause). A clause may form a whole sentence, like in "they came". A clause may contain any sub-clauses.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2295 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


clause type

clause type; admitted name
clauseType; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5602

Identifier: clauseType   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Type of clause e.g. infinitive clause
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5602 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


clitic

clitic; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2333

Identifier: clitic   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: word which cannot stand on its own as a normal utterance, being dependent upon a neighboring word
Source:
Note: there is a great variation concerning clitics. Sometimes, in English, the cliticized forms are restricted to the contracted forms of be, in I'm. But sometimes, the articles are also referred to as clitics.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


comparative phrase

comparative phrase; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2281

Identifier: comparativePhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase expressing a comparative meaning
Source:
Note: in English, there is both an inflection (e.g. larger) and a comparative phrase construction (e.g. more beautiful) to express comparative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2281 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


comparative relation

comparative relation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2309

Identifier: comparativeRelation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation expressing a comparative meaning
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2309 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


complement

complement; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1257

Identifier: complement   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: - A noun phrase that follows a copula or similar verb, as for example an idiot in the sentence He is an idiot. - A clause that serves as the subject or direct object of a verb or the direct object of a preposition, as for example that he would be early in the sentence I hoped that he would be early.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=complement
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1257 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


complementizer

complementizer; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2266

Identifier: complementizer   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation between a subordinating conjunction and a verb, which marks an embedded sentence of a complement type
Source:
Note: For instance in "I said that he was leaving", the embedded sentence is "he was leaving"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2266 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


construction id

construction id; admitted name
construction id; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5590

Identifier: constructionId   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Id of a valency pattern
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5590 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


contiguous

contiguous; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2302

Identifier: contiguous   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: property of a grammatical unit sharing a boundary with another
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2302 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


control type

control type; admitted name
control Type; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5604

Identifier: controlType   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Type of control in infinitive complemets of control or raising verbs.
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5604 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


coordinated phrase

coordinated phrase; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2283

Identifier: coordinatedPhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase expressing a coordination
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2283 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


coordination

coordination; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2272

Identifier: coordination   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation that links linguistic units which are of equivalent syntactic status, e.g. a series of phrases or words
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2272 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


coordinator

coordinator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2341

Identifier: coordinator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: series of words that coordinates
Source:
Note: typically, a coordinator is a coordinating conjunction

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2341 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


declarative clause

declarative clause; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2300

Identifier: declarativeClause   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clause referring to the expression of a statement
Source:
Note: Usually the term is seen in contrast to interrogative and imperative

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2300 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


direct object

direct object; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2263

Identifier: directObject   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation between a phrase and a verb, in which the relation is central to the verb
Source:
Note: In "the man gave the boy a book", the phrase "a book" is the direct object

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2263 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


double negation

double negation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2314

Identifier: doubleNegation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: construction consisting of two negative forms in the same clause
Source:
Note: Example: in English, "I'm not unhappy"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2314 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


enclitic

enclitic; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2336

Identifier: enclitic   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clitic that depends upon a preceding word
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2336 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first

first; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2342

Identifier: first   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: before anything according to a certain order
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2342 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


genitive

genitive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2316

Identifier: genitive   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation expressing a possessive relationship
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2316 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


grammatical function

grammatical function; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1296

Identifier: grammaticalFunction   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: [Needs to be finalized]
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1296 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


grammatical unit

grammatical unit; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2303

Identifier: grammaticalUnit   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: term referring to either a word, a phrase, a clause or a sentence
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2303 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


head

head; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2306

Identifier: head   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: central word of a phrase equivalent to the phrase as a whole
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2306 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


imperative clause

imperative clause; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2301

Identifier: imperativeClause   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clause referring to the expression of a command
Source:
Note: Usually the term is seen in contrast to interrogative and declarative

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2301 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


interrogative

interrogative; admitted name
interrogative; Source: Syntax TDG; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1319

Identifier: interrogative   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: An interrogative mood is an epistemic mood that signals that the speaker wishes to elicit information concerning the content of his or her utterance from the addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsInterrogativeMood.htm
Note: MAF

Explanation: Second definition: Denoting or belonging to a class of words, such as which and whom, that are determiners, adjectives, or pronouns and serve to question which individual referent or referents are intended
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=interrogative

Note: Syntactic criterion = Interrogative and relative pronouns enable phrasal expansions.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1319 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


interrogative clause

interrogative clause; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2299

Identifier: interrogativeClause   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clause referring to the expression of a question
Source:
Note: Usually the term is seen in contrast to declarative and imperative. Example, in English, "who are you?"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2299 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


introducer

introducer; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2245

Identifier: introducer   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: element that is beginning a sequence of forms
Source:
Note: for instance, a preposition is an introducer of a GP

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2245 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


juxtaposition

juxtaposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2274

Identifier: juxtaposition   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation where two linguistic units are put together
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2274 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


key

key; preferred name
key; Source: CMDI; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4174

Identifier: key   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Morphosyntax, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography

Definition: Indication of the unique data category name in data represented in key-value-pairs.
Source: NaLiDa

Note: Should only be used in a pair with an accompanying value. If possible, keys should be replaced by an appropriate data category with the value being the value of the data category.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4174 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Data type: string


left coordinated

left coordinated; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2339

Identifier: leftCoordinated   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clause member located at the left of a coordinator
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2339 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


modifier

modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2305

Identifier: modifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation of one grammatical unit upon another with different restrictions in the scope
Source:
Note: In "the big tree in the garden", both "the big" and "in the garden" modify "tree".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2305 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


morpho-syntactic annotation

morpho-syntactic annotation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2320

Identifier: morphosyntacticAnnotation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: annotation related to the morphology of the words and their part of speech
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2320 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


naming

naming; admitted name
naming; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5589

Identifier: naming   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A semi-description of a valency pattern
Source: STO

Example: divalent: NP, obligatory, NP
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5589 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


negation

negation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2313

Identifier: negation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: construction that expresses the contradiction of some or all of the sentence's meaning
Source:
Note: negation may be based on negative particles (like "not") or on prefixes (like "un", or "non"). Example: in English, "I'm not happy"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2313 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


next

next; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2343

Identifier: next   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: immediately afterwards
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2343 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


noun chunk

noun chunk; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2289

Identifier: nounChunk   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: chunk headed by a noun
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2289 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


noun modifier

noun modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2268

Identifier: nounModifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation in which the modified is a noun
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2268 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


optional

optional; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5597

Identifier: optional   Type: complex/closed   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Optionality status of a constituent
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5597 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


phrase

phrase; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2282

Identifier: phrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: structural element built around a main word (when there is one), formed of zero, one or more words and lacking the subject-predicate structure typical of clauses.
Source:
Note: A phrase may embed sub-structures. Traditionally, it is seen as part of a structural hierarchy, falling between clause and word. Several types are usually distinguished, e.g. adverb phrase, adjective phrase etc.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2282 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


phrase type

phrase type; admitted name
phrase type; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3054

Identifier: phraseType   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: The type of a phrase
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3054 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


noun phrase

noun phrase; standardized name
NP; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2256

Identifier: nounPhrase   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase headed by a noun
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2256 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb phrase

verb phrase; standardized name
VP; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2255

Identifier: verbPhrase   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase headed by a verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2255 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


position number

position number; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5595

Identifier: positionNumber   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The canonical position of a constituent in a valency pattern
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5595 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


postnominal modifier

postnominal modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2312

Identifier: postnominalModifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: noun modifier where the modifier is after the noun
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2312 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


postposition chunk

postposition chunk; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2293

Identifier: postpositionChunk   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: chunk ending by one or several postpositions
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2293 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


postposition phrase

postposition phrase; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2286

Identifier: postpositionPhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase ending by one or several postpositions and containing a complement such as a noun phrase
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2286 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


predicate

predicate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2315

Identifier: predicate   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: major word in a clause associated with a two-part analysis in which all obligatory constituents other than the subject are considered together
Source:
Note: Example: "Kevin kick the ball" is seen as a subject ("Kevin") associated with a predicate construction ("kick the ball").

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2315 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


prenominal modifier

prenominal modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2311

Identifier: prenominalModifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: noun modifier where the modifier is before the noun
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2311 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


preposition modifier

preposition modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2271

Identifier: prepositionModifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation in which the modified is a preposition
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2271 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


preposition verb phrase

preposition verb phrase; standardized name
PV; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2260

Identifier: prepositionVerbPhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: verb phrase that is introduced by a preposition
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2260 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


prepositional phrase

prepositional phrase; standardized name
PP; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2257

Identifier: prepositionalPhrase   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: phrase beginning by one or several prepositions and a complement such as a noun phrase
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2257 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


previous

previous; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2344

Identifier: previous   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: immediately before
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2344 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


proclitic

proclitic; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2335

Identifier: proclitic   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clitic that depends upon a following word
Source:
Note: Example: "the" in "the boy"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2335 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


propagation

propagation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2337

Identifier: propagation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: act of spreading a linguistic property from a grammatical unit to another
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2337 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper name; admitted name
proper noun; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2480

Identifier: properNoun_2   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620   Profiles: Syntax, Terminology

Definition: A noun that represents a unique thing or person.
Source: SEW

Example: Europe, as opposed to "continent", which is a common noun.
Source: ISO 12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2480 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


reflexive verb

reflexive verb; admitted name
reflexive verb; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5592

Identifier: reflexiveVerb   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: A true reflexive verb consisting of a verb and a reflexive pronoun which together form a unit
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5592 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


relation

relation; standardized name
dependence; admitted name
dependency relation; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2304

Identifier: relation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: labeled link between two or more grammatical units
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2304 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


relative clause

relative clause; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2298

Identifier: relativeClause   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clause that is part of a noun phrase, introduced by a relative pronoun, that may be elliptic.
Source:
Note: in English, a relative clause is introduced by a relative pronoun, like "when" in "I remember the day when I first met Kevin".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2298 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


relative relation

relative relation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2317

Identifier: relativeRelation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation linking a relative clause to the noun phrase it refers to
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2317 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


right coordinated

right coordinated; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2340

Identifier: rightCoordinated   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: clause member located at the right of a coordinator
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2340 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


self id

self id; admitted name
self id; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5591

Identifier: selfId   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: Id of the LMF lexeme property (syntax)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5591 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


sentence

sentence; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1386

Identifier: sentence   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A sentence is a grammatical unit that is composed of one or more clauses.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASentence.htm

Definition: A sequence of words capable of standing alone to make an assertion, ask a question, or give a command, usually consisting of a subject and a predicate containing a finite verb.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=sentence

Example: I am reading a book
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASemanticRole.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1386 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subject

subject; standardized name
subject; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2261

Identifier: subject   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The relation between a phrase and a verb, that represents the person or thing that performs the action or about which something is stated.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Note: MAF states: The noun or pronoun that, with all of its modifiers, immediately precedes the verb. ... This is Quatsch. Not true, at least not in German or English: Den Hund habe ich gestern gesehen. (The object comes first.) Here is the dog. (The subject comes after the verb.) Where is the dog? (The verb follows a question word and the subject comes last. The first definition is OK and is a translation of Gil's French sentence. Or suggestion: The person or thing that a sentence is about, that is performing an action, or being described. Source: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_subject_of_a_sentence

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2261 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


superlative relation

superlative relation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2310

Identifier: superlativeRelation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation expressing a superlative meaning
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2310 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


synonym (vernacular)

synonym (vernacular); admitted name
synonym (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
sy; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3761

Identifier: synonym_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Syntax, Lexical Semantics, Language Codes

Definition: Used to reference a synonym of the lexeme, but using the lf (lexical function) field for this is better practice.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3761 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic annotation

syntactic annotation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2319

Identifier: syntacticAnnotation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: annotation describing the constituency and/or dependency
Source:
Note: syntactic annotation does not directly deal with the meaning of an utterance

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2319 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


syntactic argument

syntactic argument; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2247

Identifier: syntacticArgument   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: argument of a syntactic construction
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2247 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


syntactic constituent label

syntactic constituent label; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5598

Identifier: syntacticConstituentLabel   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Type of syntactic constituent
Source: STO

Example: NP, PP, Clause
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5598 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic constituent phrase id

syntactic constituent phrase id; admitted name
syntactic constituent phrase id; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5601

Identifier: syntacticConstituentPhraseId   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The phrase id of a syntactic constituent
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5601 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic feature

syntactic feature; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2246

Identifier: syntacticFeature   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: feature used in the description of the syntax of a language
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2246 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


syntactic function

syntactic function; standardized name
syntactic function; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2244

Identifier: syntacticFunction   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The grammatical relationship of one constituent to another within a syntactic construction.
Source: MAF

Example: Subject, indirect object, direct object
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2244 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


direct object

direct object; admitted name
direct object; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1274

Identifier: directObject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase whose referent receives the direct action of a verb.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=direct+object

Example: A book is the direct object in the sentence ' They bought Anne a book'.
Source: csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/4/lee/lfg99-lee.html

Explanation: A direct object is a grammatical relation that exhibits a combination of certain independent syntactic properties, such as the following: - The usual grammatical characteristics of the patient of typically transitive verbs - A particular case marking - A particular clause position - The conditioning of an agreement affix on the verb - The capability of becoming the clause subject in passivization - The capability of reflexivization
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsADirectObject.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1274 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indirect object

indirect object; admitted name
indirect object; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1310

Identifier: indirectObject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase indicating the recipient or beneficiary of the action of a verb and its direct object.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=indirect%20object

Example: 'John' in the sentence 'I bought John a newspaper'.
Source: Gil

Explanation: An indirect object is a grammatical relation that is one means of expressing the semantic role of goal and other similar roles. It is proposed for languages in which the role is distinct from the direct object and the oblique object on the basis of multiple independent syntactic or morphological criteria, such as the following: - Having a particular case marking, commonly dative - Governing an agreement affix on the verb, such as person or number - Being distinct from oblique relations in that it may be relativized
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnIndirectObject.htm ;

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1310 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subject

subject; admitted name
subject; Source: Member of MAF DCS; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1391

Identifier: subject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A word, phrase, or formal expression about which something is predicated or stated in a sentence.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=subject

Example: The cat in the sentence: The cat catches mice.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAStem.htm

Note: This statement is patently false!! The noun or pronoun that, with all its modifiers, immediately precedes the verb. He is defined entirely in terms of position. Not true in English: Here is the dog. Did you see him? I did, and so did my father. In German: Den Hund habe ich gestern gesehen. www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html Suggested definition: The person or thing that a sentence is about, that is performing an action, or being described. Source: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_subject_of_a_sentence

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1391 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


syntactic function type

syntactic function type; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5596

Identifier: syntacticFunctionType   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The syntactic function of a constituent. A non-closed set of values
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5596 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic head

syntactic head; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2248

Identifier: syntacticHead   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: central element of a subcategorization frame
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2248 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


syntactic restriction

syntactic restriction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2354

Identifier: syntacticRestriction   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: rule that limits what the syntax allows in a particular language
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


syntacticCategory

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1506

Identifier: syntacticCategory   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: A syntactic category is a set of words and/or phrases in a language which share a significant number of common characteristics. The classification is based on similar structure and sameness of distribution (the structural relationships between these elements and other items in a larger grammatical structure), and not on meaning.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASyntacticCategory.htm
Note: In generative grammar, a syntactic category is symbolized by a node label in a constituent structure tree.

Example: "Le petit chat mange la souris dans la salle de bain" : "le petit chat", "mange la souris", "la souris", "dans la salle de bain", "la salle de bain" are syntactic constituents.
Source: Susanne Salmon-Alt

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1506 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntacticFunction

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1507

Identifier: syntacticFunction   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: A syntactic function is the grammatical relationship of one constituent to another within a syntactic construction. -
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASyntacticFunction.htm- Crystal, David. 1985.A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell. Crystal, David. 1985.A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1507 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


direct object

direct object; admitted name
direct object; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1274

Identifier: directObject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase whose referent receives the direct action of a verb.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=direct+object

Example: A book is the direct object in the sentence ' They bought Anne a book'.
Source: csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/4/lee/lfg99-lee.html

Explanation: A direct object is a grammatical relation that exhibits a combination of certain independent syntactic properties, such as the following: - The usual grammatical characteristics of the patient of typically transitive verbs - A particular case marking - A particular clause position - The conditioning of an agreement affix on the verb - The capability of becoming the clause subject in passivization - The capability of reflexivization
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsADirectObject.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1274 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indirect object

indirect object; admitted name
indirect object; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1310

Identifier: indirectObject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase indicating the recipient or beneficiary of the action of a verb and its direct object.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=indirect%20object

Example: 'John' in the sentence 'I bought John a newspaper'.
Source: Gil

Explanation: An indirect object is a grammatical relation that is one means of expressing the semantic role of goal and other similar roles. It is proposed for languages in which the role is distinct from the direct object and the oblique object on the basis of multiple independent syntactic or morphological criteria, such as the following: - Having a particular case marking, commonly dative - Governing an agreement affix on the verb, such as person or number - Being distinct from oblique relations in that it may be relativized
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnIndirectObject.htm ;

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1310 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subject

subject; admitted name
subject; Source: Member of MAF DCS; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1391

Identifier: subject   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A word, phrase, or formal expression about which something is predicated or stated in a sentence.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=subject

Example: The cat in the sentence: The cat catches mice.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAStem.htm

Note: This statement is patently false!! The noun or pronoun that, with all its modifiers, immediately precedes the verb. He is defined entirely in terms of position. Not true in English: Here is the dog. Did you see him? I did, and so did my father. In German: Den Hund habe ich gestern gesehen. www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html Suggested definition: The person or thing that a sentence is about, that is performing an action, or being described. Source: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_subject_of_a_sentence

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1391 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


synu id

synu id; admitted name
synuId; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5588

Identifier: synuId   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Id for the syntactic unit
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5588 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


takes auxiliary

takes auxiliary; admitted name
takes auxiliary; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5594

Identifier: takesAuxiliary   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: The auxiliary to use with a given verb
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5594 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


takes particle

takes particle; admitted name
takes Particle; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5593

Identifier: takesParticle   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The particle selected by a phrasal verb
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5593 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


text corpus

text corpus; preferred name
corpus; admitted name
text corpus; Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7; data element name
corpus; Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4046

Identifier: textCorpus   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 1087-2, 2.7   Profiles: Metadata, Terminology, Morphosyntax, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Lexical Semantics, Dialogue Acts, Translation

Definition: A systematic collection of machine-readable texts or parts of text prepared, coded and stored according to predefined rules.
Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7

Explanation: A text corpus may be limited according to aspects of subject fields, size or time, e.g. mathematical texts, certain periodicals from 1986 onwards. It is used as source material for further linguistic analysis or terminology work.
Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4046 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transitivity

transitivity; admitted name
transitivity; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5266

Identifier: transitivity   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Suggested for addition to MAF   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A property of verbs that relates to whether a verb can take direct objects and how many such objects a verb can take.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transitivity_(grammar)

Note: Added in order to provide a complex/closed DC to accommodate transitive, intransitive, etc.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5266 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


ditransitive

ditransitive; admitted name
ditransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
bitransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
ditransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name
bitransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1275

Identifier: ditransitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Ditransitivity (or Bitransitivity) is a term which describes a verb or clause which takes two objects.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsDitransitivity.htm
Note: MAF

Example: In the following sentence, "tell" is a ditransitive verb: - She told him a story.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=direct+object

Explanation: The definition is not in proper form: Property of a verb indicating that it takes two objects.
Source: SEW

Explanation: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/. Furthermore, there needs to be a reference to monotransitive, verbs that have only one object.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1275 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


intransitive

intransitive; admitted name
intransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
intransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1322

Identifier: intransitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Refers to a verb that does not take a direct object; that is, to a verb that does not express an action which directly affects another person or thing.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: They fall.
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

Note: Bring transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive into conformance with regard to definition. One option might be: Property of a verb which does not takes a direct object, such that the verb does not express an action which directly affects another person or thing.

Note: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1322 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


monotransitive

monotransitive; admitted name
monotransitive; Source: SEW, suggested for MAF; data element name
monotransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5265

Identifier: monotransitive   Type: simple   Origin: Suggested for MAF as counterpart to ditransitive   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Property of a verb indicating that it takes one object.
Source: SEW

Example: The dog bit his master.
Source: SEW

Note: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5265 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transitive

transitive; admitted name
transitive; Source: MAF; data element name
transitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1405

Identifier: transitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: A verb which takes a direct object; that is, a verb that expresses an action which directly affects another person or thing.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: The man has a horse
Source: ark.wz.cz/cidarke/mverb.html

Note: Bring transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive into conformance with regard to definition. The form given here is one option. A parallel option might be: Property of a verb which takes a direct object, such that the verb expresses an action which directly affects another person or thing.

Note: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1405 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


valency

valency; admitted name
valency; Source: ??; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1410

Identifier: valency   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: The number of arguments controlled by a verbal predicate.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valency_(linguistics)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1410 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


value

value; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1978

Identifier: value   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: Morphosyntax, Metadata, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography, Language Codes, Terminology, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Resources, Lexical Semantics, Translation, Sign Language

Definition: Generic name for a value.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1978 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


verb complement

verb complement; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2264

Identifier: verbComplement   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation between a phrase and a verb, in which the given phrase is not central to the verb
Source:
Note: to be opposed to direct object

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2264 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


verb modifier

verb modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2265

Identifier: verbModifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: relation that represents a modification of a verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2265 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


wh type

wh type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2296

Identifier: whType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: property for a clause beginning by a question word
Source:
Note: in English, "who is he ?" is a whType question

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2296 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


yes no type

yes no type; standardized name
polar type; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2297

Identifier: yesNoType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Syntax

Definition: property for a clause where only a positive or a negative answer or position are possible
Source:
Note: in English, "Are you coming?" is a yesNoType question

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2297 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


Nametype
1 PP complement labelcomplex/open
2Constituentcomplex/open
3NP Indexcomplex/open
4Syntaxcomplex/open
5Verb framecomplex/closed
6adjective chunkcomplex/open
7adjective phrasecomplex/open
8adjectiveModifiercomplex/open
9adjunctcomplex/open
10adposition chunkcomplex/open
11adposition phrasecomplex/open
12adverb chunkcomplex/open
13adverb modifiercomplex/open
14adverb phrasecomplex/open
15annotationcomplex/open
16annotation deepnesscomplex/closed
17annotation stylecomplex/closed
18annotation typecomplex/closed
19apposedcomplex/open
20appositioncomplex/open
21attributecomplex/open
22auxiliairycomplex/open
23capitalizationcomplex/open
24chunkcomplex/open
25clausecomplex/open
26clause typecomplex/open
27cliticcomplex/open
28comparative phrasecomplex/open
29comparative relationcomplex/open
30complementcomplex/open
31complementizercomplex/open
32constituencysimple
33constituency and dependencysimple
34construction idcomplex/open
35contiguouscomplex/open
36control typecomplex/open
37coordinated phrasecomplex/open
38coordinationcomplex/open
39coordinatorcomplex/open
40declarative clausecomplex/open
41deep parsingsimple
42dependencysimple
43direct objectsimple
44direct objectcomplex/open
45ditransitivesimple
46double negationcomplex/open
47embedded notationsimple
48encliticcomplex/open
49firstcomplex/open
50genitivecomplex/open
51grammatical functioncomplex/closed
52grammatical unitcomplex/open
53headcomplex/open
54imperative clausecomplex/open
55indirect objectsimple
56interrogativecomplex/open
57interrogative clausecomplex/open
58intransitivesimple
59introducercomplex/open
60juxtapositioncomplex/open
61keycomplex/open
62left coordinatedcomplex/open
63mixed notationsimple
64modifiercomplex/open
65monotransitivesimple
66morpho-syntactic annotationcomplex/open
67namingcomplex/open
68negationcomplex/open
69nextcomplex/open
70nosimple
71noun chunkcomplex/open
72noun modifiercomplex/open
73noun phrasesimple
74optionalcomplex/closed
75phrasecomplex/open
76phrase typecomplex/closed
77position numbercomplex/open
78postnominal modifiercomplex/open
79postposition chunkcomplex/open
80postposition phrasecomplex/open
81predicatecomplex/open
82prenominal modifiercomplex/open
83preposition modifiercomplex/open
84preposition verb phrasecomplex/open
85prepositional phrasecomplex/open
86previouscomplex/open
87procliticcomplex/open
88propagationcomplex/open
89proper nounsimple
90reflexive verbcomplex/open
91relationcomplex/open
92relative clausecomplex/open
93relative relationcomplex/open
94right coordinatedcomplex/open
95self idcomplex/open
96sentencesimple
97shallow parsingsimple
98subjectsimple
99subjectcomplex/open
100superlative relationcomplex/open
101synonym (vernacular)complex/open
102syntactic annotationcomplex/open
103syntactic argumentcomplex/open
104syntactic constituent labelcomplex/open
105syntactic constituent phrase idcomplex/open
106syntactic featurecomplex/open
107syntactic functioncomplex/closed
108syntactic function typecomplex/open
109syntactic headcomplex/open
110syntactic restrictioncomplex/open
111syntacticCategorycomplex/open
112syntacticFunctioncomplex/closed
113synu idcomplex/open
114taggingsimple
115takes auxiliarycomplex/open
116takes particlecomplex/open
117text corpussimple
118transitivesimple
119transitivitycomplex/closed
120valencycomplex/open
121valuecomplex/open
122verb complementcomplex/open
123verb modifiercomplex/open
124verb phrasesimple
125wh typecomplex/open
126yessimple
127yes no typecomplex/open