profile: Lexical Resources


index

Cross-reference

Cross-reference; admitted name
Cross-reference; Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
cf; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3817

Identifier: Cross_reference   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Lexicography, Terminology, Lexical Resources

Definition: This is a generic reference marker used to link together any two related entries in the lexicon. The content is a vernacular lexeme. If the relationship is known, the lexical function lf field is a better way to cross-reference two lexemes.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3817 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


bare Infinitive

bare Infinitive; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4163

Identifier: bareInfinitive   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Lexical Resources

Definition: The non-finite verb form infinitive used without "to", as opposed to an infinitive used with "to". The German equivalent is an infinitive used without "zu".
Source: Randolph Quirk et al., A grammar of Contemporary English (Longman)

Example: English: He saw her come.
Source: Randolph Quirk et al., A grammar of Contemporary English (Longman)

Example: German: Wir sahen ihn kommen.
Source:

Explanation: The verbs taking the bare infinitive in the active are the verbs of perception, e.g. hear, see, watch
Source: Randolph Quirk et al., A grammar of Contemporary English (Longman)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4163 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


cross-reference (vernacular)

cross-reference (vernacular); admitted name
cross-reference (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
cf; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3690

Identifier: cross-reference_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Multilingual Information Management, Language Codes, Lexical Resources

Definition: This is a generic reference marker used to link together any two related entries in the lexicon. The content is a vernacular lexeme. If the relationship is known, the lexical function lf field is a better way to cross-reference two lexemes.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3690 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


cross-reference gloss (national)

cross-reference gloss (national); admitted name
cross-reference gloss (national); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
cn; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3691

Identifier: cross-reference_gloss_national   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Translation, Language Codes, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Resources

Definition: Gives the national language gloss(es) for the vernacular lexeme referenced by the preceding cf field.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3691 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


cross-reference gloss (regional)

cross-reference gloss (regional); admitted name
cross-reference gloss (regional); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
cr; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3692

Identifier: cross-reference_gloss_regional   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Codes, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Resources, Translation

Definition: Gives the regional language gloss(es) for the vernacular lexeme referenced by the preceding cf field.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3692 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


encyclopedic information

encyclopedic information; admitted name
encyclopedic information; Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3828

Identifier: Encyclopedic_Information   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Semantic Content Representation, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography, Lexical Resources

Definition: This field crosses over with the de, ue, and oe fields, but is intended for more verbose explanations of the headword (for each sense). The researcher should use this field to encode any additional information needed by a non-native speaker to understand and use this lexeme properly. Use capitalization and punctuation as needed.
Source: This field crosses over with the de, ue, and oe fields, but is intended for more verbose explanations of the headword (for each sense). Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3828 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


incorporated Semantic Argument

incorporated Semantic Argument; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4151

Identifier: incorporatedSemanticArgument   Type: simple   Origin: Josef Ruppenhofer, Michael Ellsworth, Miriam R. L. Petruck, Christopher R. Johnson, and Jan Scheffczyk. 2010. FrameNet II: Extended Theory and Practice.   Profile: Lexical Resources

Definition: Some verbs incorporate information about a particular semantic argument (a semantic argument corresponds to a Frame Element in FrameNet terminology) in their definition: such a semantic argument is called incorporated in FrameNet.
Source: Josef Ruppenhofer, Michael Ellsworth, Miriam R. L. Petruck, Christopher R. Johnson, and Jan Scheffczyk. 2010. FrameNet II: Extended Theory and Practice.

Example: In the case of smile, grimace, frown, pout, and scowl, the affected body part is not separately expressed; it is said to be incorporated. Likewise, in the FrameNet Placing frame, many verbs incorporate the Goal (i.e. the place where the Theme ends up) such as bag.v, bin.v, bottle.v, box.v, cage.v, crate.v, file.v, garage.v.
Source: Josef Ruppenhofer, Michael Ellsworth, Miriam R. L. Petruck, Christopher R. Johnson, and Jan Scheffczyk. 2010. FrameNet II: Extended Theory and Practice.

Explanation: Note that it is still possible to further specify the incorporated semantic argument explicitly, as in They bottled the wine in custom-made blue bottles.
Source: Josef Ruppenhofer, Michael Ellsworth, Miriam R. L. Petruck, Christopher R. Johnson, and Jan Scheffczyk. 2010. FrameNet II: Extended Theory and Practice.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4151 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


language service / product

language service / product; preferred name
language service / product; Source: ASTM F43; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3984

Identifier: languageServiceProductType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ASTM F43   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Translation, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography, Terminology, Lexical Resources, Sign Language

Definition: An act or a variety of work performed using linguistic resources or the products of such work.
Source: SEW; lame draft

Example: technical writing, translation, language training, language or translation assessment
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3984 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


lexicographical dictionary

lexicographical dictionary; preferred name
lexicographical dictionary; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4087

Identifier: lexicographicalDictionary   Type: simple   Origin: SEW   Profiles: Metadata, Lexicography, Terminology, Lexical Resources

Is a: special language

Definition: A reference book containing an alphabetical list of words, with information given for each word, usually including meaning, pronunciation, and etymology.
Source: http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/dictionary

Explanation: The critical issue is that the lexicographical dictionary is word-oriented, while the terminological dictionary is concept-oriented.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4087 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


machine readable dictionary

machine readable dictionary; preferred name
MRD; admitted name
machine readable dictionary; Source: ISO 24613-2008, 3.29; data element name
MRD; Source: ISO 24613-2008, 3.29; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4080

Identifier: machineReadableDictionary   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Lexicography, Lexical Resources

Is a: special language

Definition: An electronic lexical resource designed to be consulted by human being that can be loaded in a database and can be queried via application software.
Source: ISO 24613-2008, 3.29, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine-readable_dictionary

Explanation: It may be a single language explanatory dictionary or a multi-language dictionary to support translations between two or more languages or a combination of both. Historically, MRDs were first computer representations of "printed" dictionaries, that's why they are called machine readable now.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine-readable_dictionary

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4080 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


lexeme (vernacular)

lexeme (vernacular); admitted name
lexeme (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
lx; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3723

Identifier: lexeme_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Codes, Lexical Resources

Definition: The Record marker for each record in a lexical entry. It contains the lexeme or headword (which is commonly mono-morphemic). Since such a lexeme form is often not accessible for vernacular speakers if printed, use the lc field to provide a more readable form for vernacular speakers.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3723 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


metalanguage

metalanguage; admitted name
metalanguage; Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3827

Identifier: Metalanguage_of_description   Type: simple   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Lexicography, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Resources

Definition: a language used in a multi-language lexical resource as a language of description
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3827 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


object Control

object Control; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4189

Identifier: objectControl   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Lexical Resources

Definition: A lexical property of verbs that take a subject, a direct object and an infinitival complement with to: for object control verbs, the direct object in the main clause is semantically an argument of the verb.
Source: EAGLES, see http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Example: persuade is an object control verb, e.g. We persuaded him to stay.
Source: http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Note: In UBY, objectControl is considered a syntacticProperty, as suggested by the EGALES guidelines, see http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html: "Since many theories require a syntactic distinction between control and raising verbs, it is proposed that the distinction between control and raising verbs is obligatorily indicated in the syntactic representation in the EAGLES standard."

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4189 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


object Raising

object Raising; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4190

Identifier: objectRaising   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Lexical Resources

Definition: A lexical property of verbs that take a subject, a direct object and an infinitival complement with to: for object raising verbs, the direct object in the main clause is no semantic argument of the verb.
Source: EAGLES, see http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Example: believe is an object raising verb, e.g. They believe him to be an informant.
Source: http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Note: In UBY, objectRaising is considered a syntacticProperty, as suggested by the EGALES guidelines, see http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html: "Since many theories require a syntactic distinction between control and raising verbs, it is proposed that the distinction between control and raising verbs is obligatorily indicated in the syntactic representation in the EAGLES standard."

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4190 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


subject Control

subject Control; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4187

Identifier: subjectControl   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Lexical Resources

Definition: A lexical property of verbs that take a subject and an infinitival complement with to: for subject control verbs, the subject phrase of the main clause is semantically an argument of the verb.
Source: EAGLES http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Example: try is a subject control verb, e.g. He tried to exercise.
Source: http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Note: In UBY, subjectControl is considered a syntacticProperty, as suggested by the EGALES guidelines, see http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html: "Since many theories require a syntactic distinction between control and raising verbs, it is proposed that the distinction between control and raising verbs is obligatorily indicated in the syntactic representation in the EAGLES standard."

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4187 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


subject Raising

subject Raising; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4188

Identifier: subjectRaising   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Lexical Resources

Definition: A lexical property of verbs that take a subject and an infinitival complement with to: for subject raising verbs, the subject phrase of the main clause is no semantic argument of the verb.
Source: EAGLES, see http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Example: seem is a subject raising verb, e.g. He seems to sleep.
Source: http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html

Note: In UBY, subjectRaising is considered a syntacticProperty, as suggested by the EGALES guidelines, see http://www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/synlex/node57.html: "Since many theories require a syntactic distinction between control and raising verbs, it is proposed that the distinction between control and raising verbs is obligatorily indicated in the syntactic representation in the EAGLES standard."

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4188 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


toInfinitive

toInfinitive; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4162

Identifier: toInfinitive   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Lexical Resources

Definition: The non-finite verb form infinitive used with "to", as opposed to an infinitive used without "to". The German equivalent of "to" is "zu"; depending on the verb, "zu" can either precede the infinitive as in English or "zu" can be incorporated into the infinitive.
Source: Randolph Quirk et al., A grammar of Contemporary English (Longman)

Example: English: He likes to talk.
Source: Randolph Quirk et al., A grammar of Contemporary English (Longman)

Example: German: Wir freuen uns, ihn zu sehen.
Source: Helbig, Buscha, Deutsche Grammatik (Langenscheidt)

Example: German: Wir freuen uns, ihn abzuholen. (incorporated "zu")
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4162 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


value

value; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1978

Identifier: value   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: Morphosyntax, Metadata, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography, Language Codes, Terminology, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Resources, Lexical Semantics, Translation, Sign Language

Definition: Generic name for a value.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1978 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


Nametype
1Cross-referencecomplex/open
2bare Infinitivesimple
3cross-reference (vernacular)complex/open
4cross-reference gloss (national)complex/open
5cross-reference gloss (regional)complex/open
6encyclopedic informationcomplex/open
7incorporated Semantic Argumentsimple
8language service / productcomplex/closed
9lexeme (vernacular)complex/open
10lexicographical dictionarysimple
11machine readable dictionarysimple
12metalanguagesimple
13object Controlsimple
14object Raisingsimple
15subject Controlsimple
16subject Raisingsimple
17toInfinitivesimple
18valuecomplex/open