profile: Morphosyntax


index

ADJA

ADJA; admitted name
ADJA; Source: http://www.ims.uni-stuttgart.de/projekte/corplex/TagSets/stts-table.html; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2794

Identifier: ADJA   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: STTS tag for attributive adjective
Source: http://www.ims.uni-stuttgart.de/projekte/corplex/TagSets/stts-table.html

Example: [das] große [Haus]; lit.: [the] big [house]
Source: http://www.ims.uni-stuttgart.de/projekte/corplex/TagSets/stts-table.html

Explanation: General rule: The ADJA class contains inflected adjectives as well as not inflected ones that occur in front of a noun, also in front of an empty noun (ellipse)
Source: www.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/tupp/dz/stylebook.pdf

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2794 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German


Attributive adjective

Attributive adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1243

Identifier: attributiveAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An Attributive Adjective comes before a Noun and not after a Copula Verb, like BE, SEEM, etc.
Source: www.usingEnglish.com/glossary/attributive-adjective.html

Definition: (of an adjective or adjectival phrase) modifying a noun and constituting part of the same noun phrase, in English normally preceding the noun, as black in Fido is a black dog (as opposed to Fido is black)
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=attributive+adjective

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1243 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


Citation

Citation; admitted name
Citation; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Citation; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3111

Identifier: Citation   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The action of citing or quoting any words or written passage from a publication that allows others to locate and identify the original source. Typical details include the title, author's name, the journal title (for articles), publication date and page numbers used in research. [Oxford English Dictionary 2010] Note: This concept was included in order to facilitate linking to the bibliographic entries referenced in GOLD.
Source: [Oxford English Dictionary 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). For relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3111 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Gerundive

Gerundive; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1294

Identifier: gerundive   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: an adjective formed from a verb, expressing the desirability of the activity denoted by the verb
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=gerundive)

Definition: a noun formed from a verb, denoting an action or state. In English, the gerund, like the present participle, is formed in -ing
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=gerund

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1294 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


LO

LO; admitted name
LO, LO.IPFV, LO.FUT; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4207

Identifier: LO   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: 'Lo' is a NH TMA marker with two distinct functions: 1) it can be a marker of imperfective aspect, 2) it can be a marker of inchoative or prospective aspect or future tense.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs
Note: When it is indeterminate or ambiguous which of the two functions LO fulfills in a particular occurrence, the non-specific gloss LO is used.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4207 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


MorphosyntacticProperty

MorphosyntacticProperty; admitted name
MorphosyntacticProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3326

Identifier: MorphosyntacticProperty   Type: complex/closed   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: MorphosyntacticFeature is the class of linguistic features that govern the grammatical behavior of morphosyntactic units. E.g., two morphosyntactic units can agree according to shared morphosyntactic features. Morphosyntactic features are also called grammatical categories. This class is intended to represent only the formal aspects of morphosyntax; that is, there is no notional component. In a grammatical system, such features occur in contrast to one another other, and are typically expressed in the same fashion. [Crystal 1985: 43-44; Hopper, P. 1992: 81; Bybee 1985: 191]
Source: [Crystal 1985: 43-44; Hopper, P. 1992: 81; Bybee 1985: 191]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/LinguisticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3326 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


CaseProperty

CaseProperty; admitted name
CaseProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3104

Identifier: CaseProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: CaseProperty is the class of properties that concerns the grammatical encoding of a noun's relationship (syntactic or semantic) to some other element in the sentence, such as a verb, noun, pronoun, or adposition [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 35; Crystal 1980: 53-54; Anderson 1985: 179-180; Andrews 1985: 7172; Kuno 1973: 45; Blake 2001].
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 35; Crystal 1980: 53-54; Anderson 1985: 179-180; Andrews 1985: 7172; Kuno 1973: 45; Blake 2001]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3104 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AbessiveCase

AbessiveCase; admitted name
AbessiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AbessiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3055

Identifier: AbessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: AbessiveCase expresses the lack or absence of the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning of the English preposition 'without' [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 3, 35].
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 3, 35]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3055 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AblativeCase

AblativeCase; admitted name
AblativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AblativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3057

Identifier: AblativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: Ablative case denotes the source, agent, means, and occasionally also time or place of an an act or occurence. [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 3]
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 3]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3057 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AbsolutiveCase

AbsolutiveCase; admitted name
AbsolutiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AbsolutiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3059

Identifier: AbsolutiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: AbsolutiveCase in ergative-absolutive languages marks referents that would generally be the subjects of intransitive verbs or the objects of transitive verbs in the translational equivalents of nominative-accusative languages [Anderson 1985: 181; Crystal 1985: 1; Andrews 1985: 138].
Source: [Anderson 1985: 181; Crystal 1985: 1; Andrews 1985: 138]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3059 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AccusativeCase

AccusativeCase; admitted name
AccusativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AccusativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3061

Identifier: AccusativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: AccusativeCase in nominative-accusative languages marks certain syntactic functions, usually direct objects [Hartmann and Stork 1972: 3, 156; Crystal 1980: 11, 246; Andrews 1985: 75; Anderson 1985: 181].
Source: [Hartmann and Stork 1972: 3, 156; Crystal 1980: 11, 246; Andrews 1985: 75; Anderson 1985: 181]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3061 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AdessiveCase

AdessiveCase; admitted name
AdessiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AdessiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3065

Identifier: AdessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: AdessiveCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location near/at which another referent exists. It has the meaning of 'at' or 'near' [Crystal 1997: 8].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 8]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3065 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AllativeCase

AllativeCase; admitted name
AllativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AllativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3075

Identifier: AllativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: AllativeCase expresses motion to or toward the referent of the noun it marks [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 6, 9, 216; Lyons 1968: 299; Crystal 1985: 1213].
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 6, 9, 216; Lyons 1968: 299; Crystal 1985: 1213]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3075 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AversiveCase

AversiveCase; admitted name
AversiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AversiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3096

Identifier: AversiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: AversiveCase expresses fear or is literally translated as 'turning from' in some languages [Blake 2001: 156].
Source: [Blake 2001: 156]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3096 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


BenefactiveCase

BenefactiveCase; admitted name
BenefactiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/BenefactiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3099

Identifier: BenefactiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: BenefactiveCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks receives the benefit of the situation expressed by the clause [Crystal 1980: 43].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 43]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3099 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ComitativeCase

ComitativeCase; admitted name
ComitativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ComitativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3119

Identifier: ComitativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: ComitativeCase expresses accompaniment. It carries the meaning 'with' or 'accompanied by' [Anderson 1985: 186; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 42; Dixon, R. 1972: 12].
Source: [Anderson 1985: 186; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 42; Dixon, R. 1972: 12]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3119 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ContablativeCase

ContablativeCase; admitted name
ContablativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ContablativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3135

Identifier: ContablativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: ContablativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location 'from near' which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'from near'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing ContablativeCase, namely -raš [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3135 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ContallativeCase

ContallativeCase; admitted name
ContallativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ContallativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3136

Identifier: ContallativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: ContallativeCase expresses that something is moving toward the vicinity of the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'towards the vicinity of'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing ContallativeCase, namely -rši [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3136 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ConterminativeCase

ConterminativeCase; admitted name
ConterminativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ConterminativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3137

Identifier: ConterminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: ConterminativeCase expresses the notion of something moving into the vicinity of the referent of the noun it marks, but not through that region. It has the meaning 'moving into the vicinity of'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing ConterminativeCase, namely -rakana [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3137 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ContlativeCase

ContlativeCase; admitted name
ContlativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ContlativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3140

Identifier: ContlativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: ContlativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location in the vicinity of which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'in the vicinity of'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing ContlativeCase, namely -rak [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3140 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DativeCase

DativeCase; admitted name
DativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3148

Identifier: DativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: DativeCase marks 1) Indirect objects (for languages in which they are held to exist) or 2) nouns having the role of recipient (as of things given), beneficiary of an action, or possessor of an item [Crystal 1980: 102].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 102]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3148 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DelativeCase

DelativeCase; admitted name
DelativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DelativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3152

Identifier: DelativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: DelativeCase expresses motion downward from the referent of the noun it marks [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 53].
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 53]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3152 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ElativeCase

ElativeCase; admitted name
ElativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ElativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3176

Identifier: ElativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: ElativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location out of which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'out of' [Lyons 1968: 299; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 64; Crystal 1985: 106].
Source: [Lyons 1968: 299; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 64; Crystal 1985: 106]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3176 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ErgativeCase

ErgativeCase; admitted name
ErgativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ErgativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3182

Identifier: ErgativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: ErgativeCase in ergative-absolutive languages generally identifies the subject of transitive verbs in the translation equivalents of nominative-accusative Languages such as English [Crystal 1980: 134; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 78; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 67; Andrews 1985: 138].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 134; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 78; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 67; Andrews 1985: 138]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3182 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


EssiveCase

EssiveCase; admitted name
EssiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EssiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3183

Identifier: EssiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: EssiveCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location at which another referent exists [Lyons 1968: 299, 301; Crystal 1985: 112; Blake 2001].
Source: [Lyons 1968: 299, 301; Crystal 1985: 112; Blake 2001]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3183 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


GenitiveCase

GenitiveCase; admitted name
GenitiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenitiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3220

Identifier: GenitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: GenitiveCase is used to mark the noun whose referent is the possessor of the referent of another noun [Crystal 1980: 161; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 94-95, 180; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 82, 172; Anderson 1985: 185; Fleming 1988: 10].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 161; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 94-95, 180; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 82, 172; Anderson 1985: 185; Fleming 1988: 10]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3220 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


IllativeCase

IllativeCase; admitted name
IllativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/IllativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3242

Identifier: IllativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: IllativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location into which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'into' [Lyons 1968: 299; Crystal 1985: 152].
Source: [Lyons 1968: 299; Crystal 1985: 152]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3242 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InablativeCase

InablativeCase; admitted name
InablativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InablativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3248

Identifier: InablativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InablativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location from within which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'from within'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InablativeCase, namely -aš. He gives the example 'aInš-l-a-š' ('aIns' = 'apple'). [Kibrik 1998: 470-471]
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470-471]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3248 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InallativeCase

InallativeCase; admitted name
InallativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InallativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3249

Identifier: InallativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InallativeCase expresses that something is moving toward the region that is inside the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'towards in(side)'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InallativeCase, namely -aši [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3249 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InessiveCase

InessiveCase; admitted name
InessiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InessiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3257

Identifier: InessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InessiveCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location within which another referent exists. It has the meaning of 'within' or 'inside' [Lyons 1968: 299; Crystal 1985: 156]. X in Y.
Source: [Lyons 1968: 299; Crystal 1985: 156]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3257 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InstrumentalCase

InstrumentalCase; admitted name
InstrumentalCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InstrumentalCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3262

Identifier: InstrumentalCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InstrumentalCase indicates that the referent of the noun it marks is the means of the accomplishment of the action expressed by the clause [Crystal 1980: 187; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 114].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 187; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 114]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3262 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InterablativeCase

InterablativeCase; admitted name
InterablativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InterablativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3263

Identifier: InterablativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InterablativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location from between which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'from in between'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InterablativeCase, namely -qIaš [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3263 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InterallativeCase

InterallativeCase; admitted name
InterallativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InterallativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3264

Identifier: InterallativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InterallativeCase expresses that something is moving toward the region that is in the middle of the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'towards the middle of'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InterallativeCase, namely -qIaši [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3264 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InteressiveCase

InteressiveCase; admitted name
InteressiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InteressiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3265

Identifier: InteressiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InteressiveCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location between which another referent exists. It has the meaning of 'between'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InteressiveCase, namely -qI [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3265 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InterlativeCase

InterlativeCase; admitted name
InterlativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InterlativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3267

Identifier: InterlativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InterlativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location between which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'to the middle of'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InterlativeCase, namely -qIak [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3267 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InterminativeCase

InterminativeCase; admitted name
InterminativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InterminativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3269

Identifier: InterminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: Expresses the notion of something moving into the inside of a reference of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'into the inside of'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InterminativeCase, namely -akana [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3269 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InterterminativeCase

InterterminativeCase; admitted name
InterterminativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InterterminativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3273

Identifier: InterterminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: InterterminativeCase expresses the notion of something moving into the middle of the referent of the noun it marks, but not through it. It has the meaning 'into the middle of'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing InterterminativeCase, namely -qIakana [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3273 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


IntertranslativeCase

IntertranslativeCase; admitted name
IntertranslativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/IntertranslativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3274

Identifier: IntertranslativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: IntertranslativeCase expresses the notion of something moving along a trajectory between the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'along the in between'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing IntertranslativeCase, namely -qIaXut [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3274 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


IntranslativeCase

IntranslativeCase; admitted name
IntranslativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/IntranslativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3277

Identifier: IntranslativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: IntranslativeCase expresses the notion of something moving through the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'along through'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing IntranslativeCase, namely -aXut [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3277 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


LativeCase

LativeCase; admitted name
LativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/LativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3293

Identifier: LativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: LativeCase expresses 'motion up to the location of,' or 'as far as' the referent of the noun it marks [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 121].
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 121]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3293 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


LocativeCase

LocativeCase; admitted name
LocativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/LocativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3306

Identifier: LocativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: (adj./n.) In languages which express grammatical relationships by means of inflections, this term refers to the form taken by a noun phrase (often a single noun or pronoun), when it typically expresses the idea of location of an entity or action. Structures which express locational meaning may also be referred to as locative, e.g. in 'The woman was standing at a bus stop', 'at a bus stop' could be called a locative phrase. [Crystal 2008: 288]
Source: [Crystal 2008: 288]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3306 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


MalefactiveCase

MalefactiveCase; admitted name
MalefactiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MalefactiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3310

Identifier: MalefactiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: Opposite of BenefactiveCase; used when the marked noun is adversely affected in the clause. [Zúñiga and Kittilä 2010: 5]
Source: [Zúñiga and Kittilä 2010: 5]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3310 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NominativeCase

NominativeCase; admitted name
NominativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NominativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3341

Identifier: NominativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: NominativeCase identifies clause subjects in nominative-accusative languages. It is usually the unmarked case. Nouns used in isolation often have this case. [Crystal 1980: 242; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 147; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 224]
Source: [Crystal 1980: 242; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 147; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 224]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3341 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ObliqueCase

ObliqueCase; admitted name
ObliqueCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ObliqueCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3357

Identifier: ObliqueCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: In a direct/oblique system or in a nominative/oblique system, oblique case is the term for all roles not marked by the direct case or nominative case. In the phrase 'the oblique cases' it is used to refer to a set of cases excluding the nominative (occasionally the nominative or accusative). [Bauer 2004: 27]
Source: [Bauer 2004: 27]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3357 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PartitiveCase

PartitiveCase; admitted name
PartitiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PartitiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3373

Identifier: PartitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: PartitiveCase expresses the partial nature of the referent of the noun it marks, as opposed to expressing the whole unit or class of which the referent is a part. This case may be found in items such as the following: existential clauses, nouns that are accompanied by numerals or units of measure, or predications of material from which something is made. It often has a meaning similar to the English word 'some'. [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 161; Richards, Platt and Weber 1985: 208; Quirk et al. 1985: 249; Sebeok 1946: 1214]
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 161; Richards, Platt and Weber 1985: 208; Quirk et al. 1985: 249; Sebeok 1946: 1214]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3373 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PerlativeCase

PerlativeCase; admitted name
PerlativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PerlativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3383

Identifier: PerlativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: PerlativeCase expresses that something moved 'through','across', or 'along' the referent of the noun that is marked [Blake 2001].
Source: [Blake 2001]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3383 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PossessedCase

PossessedCase; admitted name
PossessedCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PossessedCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3406

Identifier: PossessedCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: PossessedCase is used to mark the noun whose referent is possessed by the referent of another noun.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3406 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SubablativeCase

SubablativeCase; admitted name
SubablativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SubablativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3490

Identifier: SubablativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SubablativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location from under which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'from under'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SubablativeCase, namely -L´aš [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3490 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SuballativeCase

SuballativeCase; admitted name
SuballativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SuballativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3491

Identifier: SuballativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SuballativeCase expresses that something is moving toward the region that is under the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'towards the region that is under'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SuballativeCase, namely -L´aši [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3491 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SubessiveCase

SubessiveCase; admitted name
SubessiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SubessiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3492

Identifier: SubessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SubessiveCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location under which another referent exists. It has the meaning of 'under' or 'beneath'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SubessiveCase, namely -L´ [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3492 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SublativeCase

SublativeCase; admitted name
SublativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SublativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3495

Identifier: SublativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: In certain languages (notably, languages of the Finno-Urgic family), a declensional case having the same denotation as in English the use of the contruction "from below" before a substantive. [Pei and Gaynor 1980: 203-204] Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SublativeCase, namely -L´ak [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1980: 203-204; Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3495 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SubterminativeCase

SubterminativeCase; admitted name
SubterminativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SubterminativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3499

Identifier: SubterminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SubterminativeCase expresses the notion of something moving into the region under the referent of the noun it marks, but not through that region. It has the meaning 'into the region under'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SubterminativeCase, namely -L´akana [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3499 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SubtranslativeCase

SubtranslativeCase; admitted name
SubtranslativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SubtranslativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3500

Identifier: SubtranslativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SubtranslativeCase expresses the notion of something moving along a trajectory underneath the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'along the region underneath'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SubtranslativeCase, namely -L´aXut [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3500 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SuperablativeCase

SuperablativeCase; admitted name
SuperablativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SuperablativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3502

Identifier: SuperablativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: Superablative expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is at the location from over which another referent is moving. It has the meaning 'from over'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SuperablativeCase, namely -t:iš. He gives the example 'aInš-li-t:-iš' ('aIns' = 'apple'). [Kibrik 1998: 470-471]
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470-471]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3502 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SuperallativeCase

SuperallativeCase; admitted name
SuperallativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SuperallativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3503

Identifier: SuperallativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SuperallativeCase expresses that something is moving toward the region that is above the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'towards the region that is over'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SuperallativeCase, namely -t:iši [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3503 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SuperessiveCase

SuperessiveCase; admitted name
SuperessiveCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SuperessiveCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3504

Identifier: SuperessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SuperessiveCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location on which another referent exists. It has the meaning of 'on' or 'upon'. [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 207] Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SuperessiveCase, namely -t. He gives the example 'aInš-li-t' ('aIns' = 'apple'). [Kibrik 1998: 470-471]
Source: [Pei and Gaynor 1954: 207; Kibrik 1998: 470-471]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3504 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SuperlativeCase

SuperlativeCase; admitted name
SuperlativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SuperlativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3506

Identifier: SuperlativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SuperlativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun it marks is the location onto which another referent is moving. It has the meaning of 'onto'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SuperlativeCase, namely -t:ik. He gives the example 'aInš-li-t:-ik' ('aIns' = 'apple'). [Kibrik 1998: 470-471] Unfortunate name clash with 'Superlative' as a property of adjectives.
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470-471]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3506 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SuperterminativeCase

SuperterminativeCase; admitted name
SuperterminativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SuperterminativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3507

Identifier: SuperterminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SuperterminativeCase expresses the notion of something moving into the region over the referent of the noun it marks, but not through that region. It has the meaning 'into the region over'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SuperterminativeCase, namely -t:ikana [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3507 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SupertranslativeCase

SupertranslativeCase; admitted name
SupertranslativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SupertranslativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3508

Identifier: SupertranslativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: SupertranslativeCase expresses the notion of something moving along a trajectory above the referent of the noun it marks. It has the meaning 'along the region over'. Kibrik says that Archi (aqc) possesses a nominal spatial form expressing SupertranslativeCase, namely -t:iXut [Kibrik 1998: 470].
Source: [Kibrik 1998: 470]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3508 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


TerminativeCase

TerminativeCase; admitted name
TerminativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/TerminativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3522

Identifier: TerminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: Cases expressing spatial relations (also semantic) can be grouped into four broad directional classes: cases expressing location ('at'), goal ('to'), source ('from'), and path ('through, along'). The basic terms for these are: locative, allative, ablative, and perlative. Additionally, the label terminative is used for a movement that goes all the way to its endpoint, and orientative - for a movement that goes only in the direction of its goal. [Kibort 2008b]
Source: [Kibort 2008b]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3522 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


TranslativeCase

TranslativeCase; admitted name
TranslativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/TranslativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3534

Identifier: TranslativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: TranslativeCase expresses that the referent of the noun, or the quality of the adjective, that it marks is the result of a process of change [Lyons 1968: 299-301; Sebeok 1946: 17; Hakulinen 1961: 70]. X along, across Y.
Source: [Lyons 1968: 299-301; Sebeok 1946: 17; Hakulinen 1961: 70]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3534 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


VocativeCase

VocativeCase; admitted name
VocativeCase; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VocativeCase; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3550

Identifier: VocativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: CaseProperty

Definition: VocativeCase marks a noun whose referent is being addressed [Crystal 1980: 377; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 251; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 228].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 377; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 251; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 228]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CaseProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3550 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


EvaluativeProperty

EvaluativeProperty; admitted name
EvaluativeProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvaluativeProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3184

Identifier: EvaluativeProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A term used in semantics for a type of modality where propositions express the speaker’s attitude (e.g. surprise, regret) towards what is being said. [Crystal 2003: 168]
Source: [Crystal 2003: 168]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3184 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PejorativeEvaluative

PejorativeEvaluative; admitted name
PejorativeEvaluative; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PejorativeEvaluative; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3380

Identifier: PejorativeEvaluative   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvaluativeProperty

Definition: An evaluative property of a noun that indicates the speaker regards the person or object being referred to with distaste, contempt, or displeasure [Valentine 2001: 190-193].
Source: [Valentine 2001: 190-193]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvaluativeProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3380 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PreferredEvaluative

PreferredEvaluative; admitted name
PreferredEvaluative; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PreferredEvaluative; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3416

Identifier: PreferredEvaluative   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvaluativeProperty

Definition: An evaluative property of a noun that indicates the speaker regards the person or object being referred to with favor or admiration.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvaluativeProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3416 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


EvidentialityProperty

EvidentialityProperty; admitted name
EvidentialityProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3185

Identifier: EvidentialityProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Evidentiality denotes the basis that the speaker has for claiming that the event has occurred (or is going to take place). Appear to show a greater number of distinctions in the realis mood (especially in the past tense) than the irrealis mood. [Bhat 1999: 63-64, 70]
Source: [Bhat 1999: 63-64, 70]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3185 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AssumptiveEvidentiality

AssumptiveEvidentiality; admitted name
AssumptiveEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AssumptiveEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3091

Identifier: AssumptiveEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: One of the three types of judgment common in languages, that indicates inference from what is generally known. English has the contrast between Deductive and Assumptive, as shown in: 'John must be in his office', 'John'll be in his office'. Schlichter comments that the speaker believes the case to be true…in the case of the Assumptive ‘because of his experience with similar situations, regular patterns, or repeated circumstances common in human life’. It is used when the speaker has prior knowledge about the state of things or about habitual or general 'behavior patterns', but 'only when no information about the state or event is being or has been received'. In that sense it is the negative member of the evidential system, used when no ready evidence is available. [Palmer 2001: 24-25; 30; 51]
Source: [Palmer 2001: 24-25; 30; 51]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3091 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AuditoryEvidentiality

AuditoryEvidentiality; admitted name
AuditoryEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AuditoryEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3093

Identifier: AuditoryEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: AuditoryEvidentiality encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression through direct auditory experience; they heard it. This does not include spoken reported accounts, but only direct sensory evidence, such as the situation of 'hearing a tree fall' [Palmer 2001: 38].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 38]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3093 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DeductiveEvidentiality

DeductiveEvidentiality; admitted name
DeductiveEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DeductiveEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3150

Identifier: DeductiveEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: DeductiveEvidentiality encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression through a sound inference procedure. [Palmer 2001: 6-8].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 6-8]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3150 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DirectEvidentiality

DirectEvidentiality; admitted name
DirectEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DirectEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3164

Identifier: DirectEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: DirectEvidential, also called sensory, encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression by having direct sensory experience of some situation; this does not include hearing about it from someone else [Palmer 2001: 35-36].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 35-36]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3164 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


FolkloreEvidentiality

FolkloreEvidentiality; admitted name
FolkloreEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FolkloreEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3202

Identifier: FolkloreEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: FolkloreEvidentiality encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression through legend, folklore or some other established tradition [Palmer 2001: 40].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 40]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3202 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


HearsayEvidentiality

HearsayEvidentiality; admitted name
HearsayEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/HearsayEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3233

Identifier: HearsayEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: HearsayEvidentiality, also called third hand, encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression from a source generally considered less reliable than with a SecondHandEvidential [Palmer 2001: 40].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 40]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3233 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


IndirectEvidentiality

IndirectEvidentiality; admitted name
IndirectEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/IndirectEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3256

Identifier: IndirectEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: IndirectEvidentiality, also called reported, encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression from a source other than by experiencing the situation directly [Palmer 2001: 40].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 40]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3256 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InferentialEvidentiality

InferentialEvidentiality; admitted name
InferentialEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InferentialEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3258

Identifier: InferentialEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: InferentialEvidentiality encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression through some kind of internal inference procedure, e.g., deduction, abduction, induction [Palmer 2001: 6-8].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 6-8]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3258 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


OtherSourceEvidentiality

OtherSourceEvidentiality; admitted name
OtherSourceEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/OtherSourceEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3367

Identifier: OtherSourceEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: An indication that the source of information is someone other than the speaker. [Aikhenvald 2006: 106]
Source: [Aikhenvald 2006: 106]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3367 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


OtherThanVisualEvidentiality

OtherThanVisualEvidentiality; admitted name
OtherThanVisualEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/OtherThanVisualEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3368

Identifier: OtherThanVisualEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: OtherThanVisualEvidentiality encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression directly in a way other than through visual experience; they heard it, smelled it, tasted it, etc. [Palmer 2001: 36, 57].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 36, 57]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3368 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SecondHandEvidentiality

SecondHandEvidentiality; admitted name
SecondHandEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SecondHandEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3462

Identifier: SecondHandEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: SecondHandEvidentiality, also called the quotative, encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression from communicating with someone else [Palmer 2001: 40].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 40]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3462 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


VisualEvidentiality

VisualEvidentiality; admitted name
VisualEvidentiality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VisualEvidentiality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3549

Identifier: VisualEvidentiality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: EvidentialityProperty

Definition: VisualEvidentiality encodes the fact that the speaker came to believe the content of the expression through direct visual experience; they saw it [Palmer 2001: 57].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 57]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EvidentialityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3549 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ForceProperty

ForceProperty; admitted name
ForceProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3204

Identifier: ForceProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: ForceProperty is the class of properties that concern the grammatical encoding of the speech act associated with a proposition. Among the traditionally defined values are Declarative, Imperative and Interrogative. Force is here distinguished from Mood, but there is a close association of Mood with Force values, e.g. between IndicativeMood and DeclarativeForce.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3204 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ActionalForce

ActionalForce; admitted name
ActionalForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ActionalForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3063

Identifier: ActionalForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: ActionalForce indicates that the speaker or hearer is to undertake some action. Actional force subsumes Imperative, Commissive and Hortatory force.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3063 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


CommissiveForce

CommissiveForce; admitted name
CommissiveForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CommissiveForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3120

Identifier: CommissiveForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: CommisiveForce indicates that the speaker promises or threatens to perform some action [Palmer 2001: 10, 72].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 10, 72]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3120 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DeclarativeForce

DeclarativeForce; admitted name
DeclarativeForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DeclarativeForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3149

Identifier: DeclarativeForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: Declarative force marks an unqualified assertion. This form is generally unmarked for modality, and thus may also be seen as Realis, while modal forms are Irrealis. In English, the Declarative is marked by the absence of a modal verb, although it will be marked for the other verbal categories, tense and aspect. [Palmer 2001: 64]
Source: [Palmer 2001: 64]

Definition: A term used in the grammatical classification of sentence types, and usually seen in contrast to imperative, interrogative, etc. It refers to verb forms or sentence/clause types typically used in the expression of statements, e.g. 'the man is walking'. The term 'indicative' is also sometimes used in this sense. [Crystal 2003: 124]
Source: [Crystal 2003: 124]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3149 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


HortatoryForce

HortatoryForce; admitted name
HortatoryForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/HortatoryForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3239

Identifier: HortatoryForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: A term sometimes used in the grammatical analysis of verbs, to refer to a type of modal meaning in which an exhortation is made. An example of a hortative usage ('a hortative') is the 'let us' construction in English ('let us pray'). [Crystal 2008: 232]
Source: [Crystal 2008: 232]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3239 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ImperativeForce

ImperativeForce; admitted name
ImperativeForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ImperativeForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3245

Identifier: ImperativeForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: A term used in the grammatical classification of sentence types, and usually seen in contrast to indicative, interrogative, etc. An imperative usage (‘an imperative’) refers to verb forms or sentence/clause types typically used in the expression of commands, e.g. 'Go away!' [Crystal 2008: 23]
Source: [Crystal 2008: 23]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3245 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InformationalForce

InformationalForce; admitted name
InformationalForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InformationalForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3261

Identifier: InformationalForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: InformationalForce indicates that the hearer is to relate to the informational content of what is expressed. Informational force subsumes Declarative, Speculative and Interrogative force.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3261 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InterrogativeForce

InterrogativeForce; admitted name
InterrogativeForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InterrogativeForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3270

Identifier: InterrogativeForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: A term used in the grammatical classification of sentence types, and usually seen in contrast to declarative. It refers to verb forms or sentence/clause types typically used in the expression of questions, e.g. the inverted order of 'is he coming?' or the use of an interrogative word (or simple ‘interrogative’), often subclassified as interrogative adjectives (e.g. which), adverbs (e.g. why) and pronouns (e.g. who). [Crystal 2008: 245]
Source: [Crystal 2008: 245]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3270 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


JussiveForce

JussiveForce; admitted name
JussiveForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/JussiveForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3283

Identifier: JussiveForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: The jussive has syntactic force and is directive in that it signals a speaker's command, permission, or agreement that the proposition expressed by his or her utterance be brought about. The jussive is typically applicable in the first and third person. [Chung and Timberlake 1985: 247; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 110; Palmer 1986: 10, 24, 39-40, 96, 110, 113, Schade 2005: 52]
Source: [Chung and Timberlake 1985: 247; Pei and Gaynor 1954: 110; Palmer 1986: 10, 24, 39-40, 96, 110, 113, Schade 2005: 52]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3283 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SpeculativeForce

SpeculativeForce; admitted name
SpeculativeForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SpeculativeForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3482

Identifier: SpeculativeForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: SpeculativeForce indicates that the speaker considers, or 'entertains', the content of the expression. That is, it is in the realm of possibility, though the speaker does not necessarilty believe it. [Palmer 2001: 6-8, 25]
Source: [Palmer 2001: 6-8, 25]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3482 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


VolitiveForce

VolitiveForce; admitted name
VolitiveForce; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VolitiveForce; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3555

Identifier: VolitiveForce   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ForceProperty

Definition: VolitiveForce indicates that the speaker is willing to perform some action [Palmer 2001: 76].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 76]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ForceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3555 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


GenderProperty

GenderProperty; admitted name
GenderProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3217

Identifier: GenderProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: GenderProperty is the class of properties that are assigned to nouns on the basis of their inherent properties by an AssignmentSystem and required by the syntax to appear on the target in an AgreementSystem. Gender may but need not be assigned on the basis of sex [Corbett 1991].
Source: [Corbett 1991]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3217 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AnimateGender

AnimateGender; admitted name
AnimateGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AnimateGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3077

Identifier: AnimateGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A grammatical gender property assigned to a class of nouns with animate denotation. In a given language it may include larger or smaller numbers of nouns which do not meet this semantic criterion. The animate gender may occur in a two-gender system, with the other gender being labeled inanimate. However, the animate gender may also occur in larger inventories (i.e. greater than two values). Examples of these larger systems are found in Bantu languages (where nouns denoting humans are included in the animate gender) and in languages of Daghestan (where the animate gender is typically for non-human animates) [Corbett 1991: 20-32].
Source: [Corbett 1991: 20-32]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3077 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ArabicNumeralGender

ArabicNumeralGender; admitted name
ArabicNumeralGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ArabicNumeralGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3086

Identifier: ArabicNumeralGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A labeling convention for gender categories. Arabic numerals are often used for languages for which there is a descriptive tradition involving use of the term 'noun class' instead of 'gender', in particular in languages of the Caucasus or Bantu languages; If the 'noun classes' are involved in agreement systems, they are gender systems. Arabic numerals may also be used in instances where another label is possible. For instance, in one language the gender to which nouns with human denotation are assigned might be called 'human', whereas in another language nouns with a similar denotation may be assigned to a gender with an arbitrary Arabic numerical label such as '1'. [Kibort and Corbett 2008a]
Source: [Kibort and Corbett 2008a]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3086 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


FeminineGender

FeminineGender; admitted name
FeminineGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FeminineGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3197

Identifier: FeminineGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A gender property established on the basis of agreement, to which nouns may be assigned if 1) they inherently denote females. Additionally, but not necessarily, nouns may be assigned this value if: 2) their formal properties (morphological or phonological) lead them to be assigned to the same agreement pattern as other nouns within the language that have female denotation. 3) they are arbitrarily assigned to the same agreement pattern as other nouns in the language that have female denotation. [Corbett 1991]
Source: [Corbett 1991]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3197 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


HumanGender

HumanGender; admitted name
HumanGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/HumanGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3240

Identifier: HumanGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A grammatical category used for analysis of word-classes displaying such contrasts as masculine/feminine/neuter, animate/inanimate, etc. It is also important to distinguish natural gender, items referring to the sex of real-world entities, and grammatical gender, which does not always correspond to sex, but which has an important role in signaling grammatical relations between words in a sentence. [Crystal 1985: 133]
Source: [Crystal 1985: 133]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3240 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InanimateGender

InanimateGender; admitted name
InanimateGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InanimateGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3250

Identifier: InanimateGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A grammatical gender property such that membership in the inanimate grammatical class is largely based on meaning, in that non-living things, such as objects of manufacture and natural 'non-living' things are included in it. For example, one of the two grammatical genders, or noun classes, of Nishnaabemwin, the other being animate [Valentine 2001: 114].
Source: [Valentine 2001: 114]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3250 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


MasculineGender

MasculineGender; admitted name
MasculineGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MasculineGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3312

Identifier: MasculineGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A gender property established on the basis of agreement, to which nouns may be assigned based on semantic or formal criteria. In semantic gender systems, nouns belonging to the masculine gender typically denote male humans as well as nouns meeting certain physical criteria. Some gender systems differentiate masculine nouns from all other nouns (e.g. masculine/other or male human/other), while others differentiate masculine, feminine and neuter nouns or several different gender classes. [Corbett 1991: 30]
Source: [Corbett 1991: 30]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3312 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NeuterGender

NeuterGender; admitted name
NeuterGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NeuterGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3336

Identifier: NeuterGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A gender property established on the basis of agreement, to which nouns may be assigned, either by a semantic rule, if they belong to the semantic residue of the assignment system, or by a formal rule, if assignment depends on inflectional class membership. Typically, this means that the neuter gender may cover some inanimates and possibly some portion of lower order animates. Note: Although in familiar Indo-European languages the term neuter gender may be part of a system with three or less values, it can be used for systems containing more than three gender values (e.g. Bininj Gunwok). [Kibort and Corbett 2008a]
Source: [Kibort and Corbett 2008a]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3336 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


RomanNumeralGender

RomanNumeralGender; admitted name
RomanNumeralGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/RomanNumeralGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3459

Identifier: RomanNumeralGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: A convention for labeling gender values. Roman numerals are often used for languages for which there is a descriptive tradition involving use of the term 'noun class' instead of 'gender', in particular in languages of the Caucasus or Bantu languages, and are particularly useful where the number of genders is large.If the 'noun classes' are involved in agreement systems, they are gender systems. Roman numerals may also be used in instances where another label is possible. In one language the gender to which nouns with male rational denotation are assigned might be called 'masculine', whereas in another language nouns with a similar denotation may be assigned to a gender with an arbitrary Roman numerical label such as 'I'. [Kibort and Corbett 2008a]
Source: [Kibort and Corbett 2008a]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3459 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


VegetableGender

VegetableGender; admitted name
VegetableGender; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VegetableGender; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3541

Identifier: VegetableGender   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: GenderProperty

Definition: Vegetable gender refers to inanimates and exists in some four-way gender systems, e.g., masculine, feminine, neuter, and vegetable as in Bininj Gun-wok [Evans 2003: 202].
Source: [Evans 2003: 202]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GenderProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3541 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ModalityProperty

ModalityProperty; admitted name
ModalityProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3321

Identifier: ModalityProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: ModalityProperty is the class of properties that concern the grammatical encoding of the status of the proposition itself, and not of the event to which the proposition refers, cf. AspectProperty. As a grammatical property, it represents those dimensions in the domains of knowledge (epistemic modality), social relations (deontic modality) and ability (abilitative modality), and possibly others. [Palmer 2001: 1, 7-10]
Source: [Palmer 2001: 1, 7-10]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3321 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AbilitativeModality

AbilitativeModality; admitted name
AbilitativeModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AbilitativeModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3056

Identifier: AbilitativeModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: AbilitativeModality indicates the capacity of an agent to perform some action, regardless of type or condition. This is also known as the abilitive.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3056 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ConditionalModality

ConditionalModality; admitted name
ConditionalModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ConditionalModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3130

Identifier: ConditionalModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: When describing verbs, this is a term used to indicate expression of an unreal or unfulfilled condition. Some languages use grammatical markers or verb forms to separate real and unreal conditions. [Brown and Miller 1999: 425]
Source: [Brown and Miller 1999: 425]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3130 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ConditionalPhysicalAbilitiveModality

ConditionalPhysicalAbilitiveModality; admitted name
ConditionalPhysicalAbilitiveModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ConditionalPhysicalAbilitiveModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3131

Identifier: ConditionalPhysicalAbilitiveModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: ConditionalPhysicalAbilitiveModality indicates ability of an agent to perform some action, requiring the presence of conditions external to the agent [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177; Palmer 2001: 76].
Source: [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177; Palmer 2001: 76]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3131 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DeonticModality

DeonticModality; admitted name
DeonticModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DeonticModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3155

Identifier: DeonticModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: Deontic modality is concerned with the necessity or possibility of acts performed by morally responsible agents and is thus associated with the social functions of permission and obligation. Deontic modality focuses on the notions of obligation and permission. It is found in directives that grant permission (‘you may go now’) or impose obligations (‘eat your vegetables!’), as well as in statements that report deontic conditions. Deontic modality fails to distinguish subcategories that are expressed inflectionally from lexical or periphrastic expressions of obligation or permission. Deontic modality as traditionally understood excludes certain semantically related notions such as ability and desire that have linguistic expression similar to that of permission and obligation. [Bybee and Fleischman 1995: 4-5]
Source: [Bybee and Fleischman 1995: 4-5]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3155 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


EpistemicNecessityModality

EpistemicNecessityModality; admitted name
EpistemicNecessityModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EpistemicNecessityModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3180

Identifier: EpistemicNecessityModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: EpistemicNecessityModality indicates that the expressed proposition is known to be true. Also known as CategoricalModality [Palmer 2001: 37, 68-69].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 37, 68-69]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3180 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


EpistemicPossibilityModality

EpistemicPossibilityModality; admitted name
EpistemicPossibilityModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/EpistemicPossibilityModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3181

Identifier: EpistemicPossibilityModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: EpistemicPossibilityModality indicates that the designated state of affairs is not known not to be true.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3181 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


MentalAbilitiveModality

MentalAbilitiveModality; admitted name
MentalAbilitiveModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MentalAbilitiveModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3313

Identifier: MentalAbilitiveModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: MentalAbilitiveModality indicates that an agent has the capacity to perform some mental action [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 192; Palmer 2001: 77].
Source: [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 192; Palmer 2001: 77]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3313 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NecessityModality

NecessityModality; admitted name
NecessityModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NecessityModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3333

Identifier: NecessityModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: NecessityModality indicates that the described state of affairs is necessary [Palmer 2001: 89-90], either directly, or because of a requirement on the part of an agent [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 89-90; Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177; ]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ObligativeModality

ObligativeModality; admitted name
ObligativeModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ObligativeModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3356

Identifier: ObligativeModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: ObligativeModality indicates that an agent is required to perform the action expressed by the predicate [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177; Palmer 2001: 71].
Source: [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177; Palmer 2001: 71]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3356 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PermissiveModality

PermissiveModality; admitted name
PermissiveModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PermissiveModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3384

Identifier: PermissiveModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: PermissiveModality indicates that an agent has permission to perform the action expressed by the predicate [Palmer 2001: 10, 71].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 10, 71]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PhysicalAbilitiveModality

PhysicalAbilitiveModality; admitted name
PhysicalAbilitiveModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PhysicalAbilitiveModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3394

Identifier: PhysicalAbilitiveModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: PhysicalAbilitiveModality indicates that an agent has the physical capacity to perform some action. [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 192; Palmer 2001: 77]
Source: [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 192; Palmer 2001: 77]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3394 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PossibilityModality

PossibilityModality; admitted name
PossibilityModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PossibilityModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3408

Identifier: PossibilityModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: PossibilityModality indicates that the designated state of affairs is possible [Palmer 2001: 89-90], either directly, or because an agent has the ability or permission to carry it out [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177].
Source: [Palmer 2001: 89-90; Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 177; ]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3408 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


WeakObligativeModality

WeakObligativeModality; admitted name
WeakObligativeModality; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/WeakObligativeModality; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3557

Identifier: WeakObligativeModality   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: ModalityProperty

Definition: WeakObligativeModality indicates that an agent is under a moral obligation to perform the action expressed by the predicate [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 186-187].
Source: [Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca 1994: 186-187]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ModalityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3557 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NumberProperty

NumberProperty; admitted name
NumberProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3351

Identifier: NumberProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: NumberProperty is the class of properties that concern the grammatical encoding of quantity. It is often found on nouns, pronouns, and verbs and expresses count distinctions--such as 'one' or 'more than one'. The count distinctions typically, but not always, correspond to the actual count of the referents of the marked noun or Pronoun. [Crystal 1980: 245; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 155]
Source: [Crystal 1980: 245; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 155]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3351 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DualNumber

DualNumber; admitted name
DualNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DualNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3173

Identifier: DualNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: The dual quantifies the denotation of the nominal element by specifying that there are exactly 'two' (as in Upper Sorbian, see [Corbett 2000: 20] for examples and discussion. Additionally, but not necessarily, this value may be assigned on the basis of the formal properties of the nominal element (as in dualia tantum, e.g. mangautek 'scissors' in the Yukon dialect of Central Alaskan Yupik; [Jacobson 1984: 226]). The use of the dual varies across languages which have this value. In some languages, dual may be used to refer to any two entities, but in others it must refer to a natural pair such as eyes, and still in others it must refer to two items unless they are a natural pair [Corbett 2000]. [Kibort and Corbett 2008b]
Source: [Corbett 2000: 20; Jacobson 1984: 226; Corbett 2000; Kibort and Corbett 2008b]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3173 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


GeneralNumber

GeneralNumber; admitted name
GeneralNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GeneralNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3218

Identifier: GeneralNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: In some languages for which number is less dominant, the meaning of the noun can be expressed without reference to number. Nouns with this marking are designated as outside of the number system, as they are noncommittal as to the number of the noun that they mark. [Corbett 2000: 9-10]
Source: [Corbett 2000: 9-10]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3218 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


GreaterPaucalNumber

GreaterPaucalNumber; admitted name
GreaterPaucalNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GreaterPaucalNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3229

Identifier: GreaterPaucalNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: GreaterPaucal is a number property that quantifies the denotation of the nominal element so that it specifies that there are a small number of distinct entities, greater than paucalNumber but less than pluralNumber (semantically similar to 'several' in English).
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3229 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


GreaterPluralNumber

GreaterPluralNumber; admitted name
GreaterPluralNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/GreaterPluralNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3230

Identifier: GreaterPluralNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: GreaterPlural is a number property that expresses (a) the fact that there is an excessive number of events or entities denoted by the noun or nominal element, or (b) the fact that the noun or nominal denotes all possible instances. [Kibort and Corbett 2008b]
Source: [Kibort and Corbett 2008b]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


MultalNumber

MultalNumber; admitted name
MultalNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MultalNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3327

Identifier: MultalNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: Multal is a number property that refers to a large number of individuals.
Source: [GOLD 2010]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3327 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PaucalNumber

PaucalNumber; admitted name
PaucalNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PaucalNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3379

Identifier: PaucalNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: A category of number denoting the concept 'a few', more than two and usually less than seven, but the exact number varies widely according to context. Prototypically, it refers to a class of three to five individuals and is always restricted to humans. [Hartmann and Stork 1972: 166; Corbett 2000: 23]
Source: [Hartmann and Stork 1972: 166; Corbett 2000: 23]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3379 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PluralNumber

PluralNumber; admitted name
PluralNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PluralNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3398

Identifier: PluralNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: PluralNumber is a number property that quantifies the denotation of the nominal element so that: 1) it specifies that there are more than one. In this English example below, plural is shown by both the noun and the verb in (2): (1) my dog watches television (2) my dogs watch television [Corbett 2000: 5] 2) additionally, but not necessarily, pluralNumber may be assigned on the basis of formal properties (e.g. pluralia tantum, or measles / *measle). 3) if pluralNumber functions as generalNumber, it may specify a lack of commitment with regard to quantification ([Corbett 2000: 17] notes this system does not exist in pure form, that is, no language employs it as the normal case). Some Cushitic languages, generalNumber can be the same as singularNumber for some nouns, but the same as pluralNumber for other nouns. For example, in Arbore (arv), generalNumber may contrast with the singular in the absence of a distinct plural form: Ln Singular Ln tiis-in 'a maize cob' Ln lasa-n 'a loaf' nebel-in 'a cock ostrich' ln General ln tíise 'maize cob(s)' ln lássa 'bread' ln nebel 'ostrich(es)' ln [Corbett 2000: 17-18]
Source: [Corbett 2000: 5; Corbett 2000: 17; Corbett 2000: 17-18; ]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3398 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SingularNumber

SingularNumber; admitted name
SingularNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SingularNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3479

Identifier: SingularNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: Singular refers to one member of a designated class [Crystal 1980: 245; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 210].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 245; Hartmann and Stork 1972: 210]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3479 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


TrialNumber

TrialNumber; admitted name
TrialNumber; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/TrialNumber; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3535

Identifier: TrialNumber   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: NumberProperty

Definition: The trial is for referring to three distinct real world entities. [Corbett 2000: 21]
Source: [Corbett 2000: 21]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NumberProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3535 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PersonProperty

PersonProperty; admitted name
PersonProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3385

Identifier: PersonProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: PersonProperty is the class of properties with a deictic dimension, interpreted relative to the speaker, encoding the participants in a speech situation. Usually a three-way contrast is found: firstPerson (speaker), secondPerson (addressee), and thirdPerson (neither speaker nor addressee). Other distinctions within this feature include: inclusive/exclusive and proximative/obviative. [Crystal 1997: 285-286]
Source: [Crystal 1997: 285-286]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3385 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


FirstPerson

FirstPerson; admitted name
FirstPerson; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FirstPerson; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3198

Identifier: FirstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PersonProperty

Definition: First is a person property that refers minimally to the speaker. It may also refer to the speaker combined with either the addressee or the non-participant or both, allowing for the following subdivisions: a) first person b) first person inclusive c) first person exclusive [Cysouw 2003].
Source: [Cysouw 2003]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3198 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


FirstPersonExclusive

FirstPersonExclusive; admitted name
FirstPersonExclusive; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FirstPersonExclusive; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3199

Identifier: FirstPersonExclusive   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PersonProperty

Definition: No definition yet
Source: No source yet

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3199 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


FirstPersonInclusive

FirstPersonInclusive; admitted name
FirstPersonInclusive; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FirstPersonInclusive; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3200

Identifier: FirstPersonInclusive   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PersonProperty

Definition: No definition yet
Source: No source yet

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3200 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SecondPerson

SecondPerson; admitted name
SecondPerson; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SecondPerson; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3464

Identifier: SecondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PersonProperty

Definition: SecondPerson is a person property that refers minimally to the addressee [Crystal 1997: 285; Cysouw 2003: 75].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 285; Cysouw 2003: 75]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3464 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ThirdPerson

ThirdPerson; admitted name
ThirdPerson; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ThirdPerson; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3526

Identifier: ThirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PersonProperty

Definition: Third Person is a person property that refers to the non-participant (other than the speaker and the addressee) [Crystal 1997: 285].
Source: [Crystal 1997: 285]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3526 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ThirdPersonObviative

ThirdPersonObviative; admitted name
ThirdPersonObviative; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ThirdPersonObviative; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3527

Identifier: ThirdPersonObviative   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PersonProperty

Definition: ThirdPersonObviative is a person property that refers to one or more non-participants that are in some way further removed from the speaker than other non-particpants. Contrasts with ThirdPersonProximative. [Kibort 2008a]
Source: [Kibort 2008a]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3527 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ThirdPersonProximative

ThirdPersonProximative; admitted name
ThirdPersonProximative; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ThirdPersonProximative; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3528

Identifier: ThirdPersonProximative   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PersonProperty

Definition: Refers to one or more non-participants that are in some way distinct/closer to the speaker than other non-participants. Third person proximative contrasts with third person obviative. Often called 'Third Person Proximate' or '4th person'. [Kibort 2008a]
Source: [Kibort 2008a]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3528 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PolarityProperty

PolarityProperty; admitted name
PolarityProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PolarityProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3403

Identifier: PolarityProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The property concerned with encoding the system of positive/negative contrastivity found in a language. The distinction between 'positive' and 'negative polarity' may be expressed syntactically, morphologically or lexically. [Crystal 1997: 297]
Source: [Crystal 1997: 297]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3403 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NegativePolarity

NegativePolarity; admitted name
NegativePolarity; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NegativePolarity; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3335

Identifier: NegativePolarity   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PolarityProperty

Definition: A construction that expresses the contradiction of some or all of a proposition [Crystal 1980: 257]. Note: this value is not to be confused with the notion "Negative Polarity Item", which is an expression that occurs in the scope of Negation (i.e. Negative Polarity).
Source: [Crystal 1980: 257]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PolarityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3335 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PositivePolarity

PositivePolarity; admitted name
PositivePolarity; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PositivePolarity; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3405

Identifier: PositivePolarity   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: PolarityProperty

Definition: In general, positive polarity refers to an assertion that contains no marker of negation [Crystal 1980: 299].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 299]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PolarityProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3405 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SizeProperty

SizeProperty; admitted name
SizeProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SizeProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3480

Identifier: SizeProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: SizeProperty is a physical property with two values: large and small. Languages apparently do not encode a middle value of medium, at least not in the grammar. The marking of large size is traditionally called the augmentativem that for small size the diminutive. [Frawley 1992: 126]
Source: [Frawley 1992: 126]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3480 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AugmentativeSize

AugmentativeSize; admitted name
AugmentativeSize; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AugmentativeSize; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3094

Identifier: AugmentativeSize   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: SizeProperty

Definition: A special form of a noun that signals that the object being referred to is large relative to the usual size of such an object [Crystal 1980: 34].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 34]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SizeProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3094 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DiminuativeSize

DiminuativeSize; admitted name
DiminuativeSize; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DiminuativeSize; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3163

Identifier: DiminuativeSize   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: SizeProperty

Definition: A special form of a noun that signals that the object being referred to is small relative to the usual size of such an object. In some cases it may be used as a term of endearment [Crystal 1980: 116].
Source: [Crystal 1980: 116]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SizeProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3163 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


VoiceProperty

VoiceProperty; admitted name
VoiceProperty; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3551

Identifier: VoiceProperty   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: VoiceProperty is the class of properties that concern the grammatical encoding of the relationship between the verb and the nominals in a subject-predicate configuration. It selects a grammatically prominent syntactic constituent--subject--from the underlying semantic functions. In accusative language, the basic strategy is to select an agent as a subject [Shibatani 1988: 3]. It can be said that all voice systems mark the affectedness/nonaffectedness of sentential subjects [Klaiman 1988: 30].
Source: [Shibatani 1988: 3; Klaiman 1988: 30]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3551 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice

AbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice; admitted name
AbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3058

Identifier: AbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A term used by some Mayanists to refer to an antipassive in which the patient or logical object is supressed or overtly absent. [Klaiman 1991: 232] Dayley states that the absolutive antipassive is used when the patient is unknown or irrelevant, or when the speaker does not wish to mention the patient, or to describe a transitive activity typically performed by some agent. The absolutive antipassive requires a non-specific implied patient, and no specific patient is ever semantically recoverable from the speech context. Only the absolutive antipassive has (as the name implies) absolutive function such that a transitive activity may be discussed without mention of the patient. [Dayley 1985: 345-350] This type of antipassive with an obligatorily unidentified object is also found in Mam, another Mayan language. [Cooreman 1994: 52-53]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 232; Dayley 1985: 345-350; Cooreman 1994: 52-53; ]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3058 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ActiveVoice

ActiveVoice; admitted name
ActiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ActiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3064

Identifier: ActiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Associated with transitivity, when the action is performed by an agent (subject) on another participant (object) [McIntosh 1984: 108]. It refers to the category of underived verb forms associated with the basic diathesis [Shibatani 1995: 7].
Source: [McIntosh 1984: 108; Shibatani 1995: 7]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3064 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AgentDeletionPassiveVoice

AgentDeletionPassiveVoice; admitted name
AgentDeletionPassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AgentDeletionPassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3073

Identifier: AgentDeletionPassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: The object of the active retains its old case-marking in the passive, the subject of the active cannot appear in the passive clause, and the passive tends to be semantically active [Givon 1988: 419].
Source: [Givon 1988: 419]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3073 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AntiCausativeVoice

AntiCausativeVoice; admitted name
AntiCausativeVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AntiCausativeVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3080

Identifier: AntiCausativeVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: An intransitive verb is derived from a basically transitive one with the direct object of the transitive verb corresponding to the subject of the intransitive [Siewierska 1988: 267].
Source: [Siewierska 1988: 267]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3080 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


AntiPassiveVoice

AntiPassiveVoice; admitted name
AntiPassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AntiPassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3081

Identifier: AntiPassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: In the antipassive construction, the patient-like argument is either suppressed (left implicit) or realized as an oblique complement, rather than as a direct object as would be the case in the basic two-place predicate transitive construction. The antipassive voice is most commonly found in ergative languages. In this case, the direct object, which is in the absolutive case in the transitive construction, is no longer marked as absolutive, but is marked as oblique or is supressed entirely. The agent-like argument, marked as ergative in a typical transitive construction, is instead marked as absolutive, making it appear like the agent of an intransitive construction. [Polinsky 2008]
Source: [Polinsky 2008]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3081 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ApplicativeVoice

ApplicativeVoice; admitted name
ApplicativeVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ApplicativeVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3084

Identifier: ApplicativeVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: The applicative voice is a grammatical voice which promotes an oblique argument of a verb to the (core) patient argument, and indicates the oblique role within the meaning of the verb. Applicatives have a degree of overlap with causatives, and in some languages are realized identically; this isomorphism can be found in Kinyarwanda [Kimenyi 1980: 164], Yagua, Malay, and Dyirbal [Croft 1990: 242]. While differing from true applicatives, a similar construction known as dative shifting occurs in other languages, including English. Two subtle differences between applicative and dative-shift constructions are: (1) applicatives involve some marking on the verb whereas dative-shift constructions do not; and (2) dative-shift constructions typically allow only recipients and benefactives to become direct objects whereas applicative constructions normally advance instruments and perhaps other obliques. [Payne 1997: 186-192]
Source: [Kimenyi 1980: 164; Croft 1990: 242; Payne 1997: 186-192; ]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3084 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


CausativeVoice

CausativeVoice; admitted name
CausativeVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/CausativeVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3106

Identifier: CausativeVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A construction can be classified as a morphological causative when there is specific morphological encoding of causativity within the verb. Moreover, a causative is associated with an additional core argument, a causer or causal agent, added to the set of core arguments assigned by the corresponding noncausative verb. [Klaiman 1991: 51]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 51]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3106 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DeponentMiddleVoice

DeponentMiddleVoice; admitted name
DeponentMiddleVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DeponentMiddleVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3156

Identifier: DeponentMiddleVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Action denotes physical/mental disposition of subject. [Siewierska 1988: 257]
Source: [Siewierska 1988: 257]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3156 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


DirectVoice

DirectVoice; admitted name
DirectVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DirectVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3165

Identifier: DirectVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Direct voice signals that the action proceeds in an ontologically salient way, i.e. that salience is assigned to nominals based on their referent's relative real-world capacities to control situations. [Klaiman 1991: 32]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 32]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3165 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


FocusAntipassiveVoice

FocusAntipassiveVoice; admitted name
FocusAntipassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FocusAntipassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3201

Identifier: FocusAntipassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Blocks the patient or logical object (basic absolutive) nominal from being assigned Focus salience. Topic salience is available for assignment to various arguments, including the patient, but Focus salience is always assigned to agent, and is therefore inaccessible to the patient or any other nominal. [Klaiman 1991: 236] Dayley describes the focus antipassive as a rearranging voice whose primary function is to indicate that the agent of a transitive sentence is highlighted or in focus. The focus antipassive is used when the agent is in contrastive focus or highly emphatic, when the agent is questioned, and when the agent is relativized. [Dayley 1985: 348]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 236; Dayley 1985: 348]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3201 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ImpersonalPassiveVoice

ImpersonalPassiveVoice; admitted name
ImpersonalPassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ImpersonalPassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3247

Identifier: ImpersonalPassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A Passive that alters the mapping of a nominal to the Subject relation in a basic intransitive structure [Klaiman 1991: 23].
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 23]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3247 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


IncorporatingAntipassiveVoice

IncorporatingAntipassiveVoice; admitted name
IncorporatingAntipassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/IncorporatingAntipassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3252

Identifier: IncorporatingAntipassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Blocks the patient or logical object (basic absolutive) nominal from being assigned Focus salience. There is no explicit case marking on the patient, and the patient is invariably nonreferential. This correlates with the patient's morphosyntactic downgrading, whereby it becomes insusceptible to any informational salience assignment. [Klaiman 1991: 232-236]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 232-236]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3252 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


InverseVoice

InverseVoice; admitted name
InverseVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/InverseVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3279

Identifier: InverseVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Signals when actions proceed from ontologically less salient to more salient participants. [Klaiman 1991: 32]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 32]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3279 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


LocativePassiveVoice

LocativePassiveVoice; admitted name
LocativePassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/LocativePassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3307

Identifier: LocativePassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: An oblique locative nominal assumes the subject relation [Klaiman 1991: 17].
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 17]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3307 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NecessitativePassiveVoice

NecessitativePassiveVoice; admitted name
NecessitativePassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NecessitativePassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3332

Identifier: NecessitativePassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A passive in Irish in which the preposition "with" is used, and a semantic meaning of necessity is added [Noonan 1994: 280].
Source: [Noonan 1994: 280]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3332 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NonAbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice

NonAbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice; admitted name
NonAbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NonAbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3342

Identifier: NonAbsolutiveAntipassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: An Antipassive in which the patient or logical object is not supressed, as is the case in the Absolutive Antipassive, but rather, is overtly downgraded. Some Mayanists distinguish between two types of Non Absolutive Antipassives: the Focus Antipassive and the Incorporating Antipassive. [Klaiman 1991: 232]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 232]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3342 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NonPromotionalInverseVoice

NonPromotionalInverseVoice; admitted name
NonPromotionalInverseVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NonPromotionalInverseVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3346

Identifier: NonPromotionalInverseVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Involves demotion of the non-topical obviate-agent from subjecthood [Givon 1994: 24].
Source: [Givon 1994: 24]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3346 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NucleonicMiddleVoice

NucleonicMiddleVoice; admitted name
NucleonicMiddleVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/NucleonicMiddleVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3350

Identifier: NucleonicMiddleVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Object of action belongs to. Moves into, or moves from sphere of subject [Siewierska 1988: 257].
Source: [Siewierska 1988: 257]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3350 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ObliquePassiveVoice

ObliquePassiveVoice; admitted name
ObliquePassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ObliquePassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3358

Identifier: ObliquePassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A Passive in which a basic Oblique nominal assumes the Subject relation in a corresponding nonbasic configuration. Can include locative passives, benefactive passives and instrumental passives. [Klaiman 1991: 23]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 23]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3358 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PassiveVoice

PassiveVoice; admitted name
PassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3375

Identifier: PassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Associated with actions performed on the subject by an unspecified agent [McIntosh 1984: 108]. Refers to the category of verb forms, typically identifies with a specific morphological marking, that encode the derived diatheses in which the agent role is not linked with a subject noun phrase: Diatheis: D1=(X=AgOb)(Y+SUBabs/nom) [Shibatani 1995: 7].
Source: [McIntosh 1984: 108; Shibatani 1995: 7]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3375 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PersonalPassiveVoice

PersonalPassiveVoice; admitted name
PersonalPassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PersonalPassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3386

Identifier: PersonalPassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A Passive in which the argument mapped to Object in a basic structural configuration assumes the Subject relation in a corresponding nonbasic configuration [Klaiman 1991: 23].
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 23]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3386 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PlainMiddleVoice

PlainMiddleVoice; admitted name
PlainMiddleVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PlainMiddleVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3397

Identifier: PlainMiddleVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Results of action occur to subject [Siewierska 1988: 257].
Source: [Siewierska 1988: 257]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3397 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PragmaticInverseVoice

PragmaticInverseVoice; admitted name
PragmaticInverseVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PragmaticInverseVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3412

Identifier: PragmaticInverseVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: If the agent is more topical than the patient, the direct-active clause is used. If norm is reversed and the patient is more topical, the inverse clause is used. [Givon 1994: 23]
Source: [Givon 1994: 23]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3412 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ProgressivePassiveVoice

ProgressivePassiveVoice; admitted name
ProgressivePassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ProgressivePassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3430

Identifier: ProgressivePassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A passive in Irish in which the preposition "at" is used, and a semantic meaning of progressive tense is found [Noonan 1994: 280].
Source: [Noonan 1994: 280]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3430 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


PromotionalInverseVoice

PromotionalInverseVoice; admitted name
PromotionalInverseVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PromotionalInverseVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3432

Identifier: PromotionalInverseVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Involves promotion of the topical proximate-patient to subjecthood [Givon 1994: 24].
Source: [Givon 1994: 24]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3432 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ReciprocalMiddleVoice

ReciprocalMiddleVoice; admitted name
ReciprocalMiddleVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ReciprocalMiddleVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3444

Identifier: ReciprocalMiddleVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Referents of plural subject do action to one another [Siewierska 1988: 257].
Source: [Siewierska 1988: 257]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3444 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ReferentialVoice

ReferentialVoice; admitted name
ReferentialVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ReferentialVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3446

Identifier: ReferentialVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: ReferentialVoice entails assignment of the absolutive to certain kinds of arguments other than logical subjects (agents) and objects (patients), targeting semantic roles such as dative, benefactive, malefactive and possessor. [Klaiman 1991: 239]
Source: [Klaiman 1991: 239]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3446 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ReflexiveMiddleVoice

ReflexiveMiddleVoice; admitted name
ReflexiveMiddleVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ReflexiveMiddleVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3447

Identifier: ReflexiveMiddleVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: Subjects perform action to self [Siewierska 1988: 257].
Source: [Siewierska 1988: 257]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3447 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ReflexivePassiveVoice

ReflexivePassiveVoice; admitted name
ReflexivePassiveVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ReflexivePassiveVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3448

Identifier: ReflexivePassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: A Passive construction which contains reflexive markings [Siewierska 1988: 257].
Source: [Siewierska 1988: 257]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3448 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


SemanticInverseVoice

SemanticInverseVoice; admitted name
SemanticInverseVoice; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SemanticInverseVoice; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3467

Identifier: SemanticInverseVoice   Type: simple   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: VoiceProperty

Definition: If the agent outranks the patient on the relevant generic topic hierarchy, the direct-active clause is used. If the relevant norm is reversed and the patient outranks the agent on the relevant hierarchy, the inverse clause is used. [Givon 1994: 23]
Source: [Givon 1994: 23]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). It is a child concept of http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/VoiceProperty. For other relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3467 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


NP agreement

NP agreement; admitted name
NPAGR; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5009

Identifier: npAgreement   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Characteristic of articles and determiners which are to agree in number and gender with the word they combine with
Source: CGN

Note: article http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4952; determiner http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4980

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5009 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


agreement

agreement; admitted name
agr; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5010

Identifier: agreement   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: underspecified form indicating that the word form is always the same
Source: CGN

Example: GEEN stoel(en), no chair(s); GEEN boek(en), no book(s)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5010 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


rest

rest; admitted name
rest; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5012

Identifier: rest   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement

Definition: word form that is to be combined with either a non-neuter singular or with a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: DE man (THE man), DE mannen (THE men), DE kinderen (THE children), ONZE hond(en) (OUR dog(s))
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5012 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plural

plural; admitted name
mv; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5014

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: de studenten WIER houding � (the students WHOSE attitude �)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5014 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular non-neuter

singular non-neuter; admitted name
evz; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5013

Identifier: singularNonNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a non-neuter singular head
Source: CGN

Example: iedere man, iedere kast (every man, every cupboard)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5013 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular neuter

singular neuter; admitted name
evon; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5011

Identifier: singularNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement

Definition: form asking for a neuter singular head
Source: CGN

Example: HET kind (THE child), IEDER paard (EVERY horse)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5011 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


agreement 3rd person

agreement 3rd person; admitted name
agr3; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5015

Identifier: agreement3rdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: abstract underspecified feature indicating a 3-gender system
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5015 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


rest 3rd person

rest 3rd person; admitted name
rest3; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5017

Identifier: rest3rdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a feminine singular or a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: de macht DER gewoonte (the force of habit), de koning DER elfen (the king of the elves)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5017 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plural

plural; admitted name
mv; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5019

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: proletariers ALLER landen (proletarians of all countries)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5019 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular feminine

singular feminine; admitted name
evf; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5018

Identifier: singularFeminine   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a feminine singular head
Source: CGN

Example: in DER minne (by mutual agreement)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5018 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular masculine neuter

singular masculine neuter; admitted name
evmo; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5016

Identifier: singularMasculineNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a masculine or neuter singular head
Source: CGN

Example: de heer DES huizes (the master of THE house), te MIJNEN huize (at my home)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5016 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


NUMTYPE

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5295

Identifier: NUMTYPE   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5295 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


cardinal

cardinal; admitted name
hoofd; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4968

Identifier: cardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a numerical value used to express an amount
Source: CGN

Example: one, two, seven. Not:many
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4968 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


ordinal

ordinal; admitted name
rang; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4969

Identifier: ordinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a numerical value used to express an ordering
Source: CGN

Example: second, first. Not:last
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4969 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


Order

Order; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1337

Identifier: order   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A state in which all components or elements are arranged logically, comprehensibly, or naturally
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=order

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1337 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


PRO.3

PRO.3; admitted name
PRO.3; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4204

Identifier: PRO.3   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: refers to the form 'die' in Negerhollands, when it functions as a pronominal demonstrative, a third person singular inanimate or impersonal pronoun, or as an expletive subject in an existential construction.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4204 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Thing

Thing; admitted name
Thing; Source: http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Thing; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3525

Identifier: Thing   Type: complex/open   Origin: GOLD (General Ontology for Linguistic Description): for the latest version see http://linguistics-ontology.org   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: In Web Ontology Language, Thing is the superclass of all classes. The most basic concepts in a domain should correspond to classes that are the roots of various taxonomic trees. Every individual in the OWL world is a member of the class owl:Thing. Thus each user-defined class is implicitly a subclass of owl:Thing. Domain specific root classes are defined by simply declaring a named class. [Smith, Welty and McGuinness 2004]
Source: [Smith, Welty and McGuinness 2004]

Note: This concept is part of the General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD). For relationships among the concepts see: http://linguistics-ontology.org/gold.

Note: To make suggestions with regard to the entire ontology or individual concepts, please visit the GOLD Community website at http://linguistics-ontology.org.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3525 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


Word form

Word form; admitted name
Word form; Source: INL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4389

Identifier: WordForm   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word
Source: INL

Example: go, went ; child, children; nice, nicer.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4389 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


abbreviation

abbreviation; standardized name
abbreviation; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1418

Identifier: abbreviation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation formed by omitting words or letters from a longer form and referring to the same concept.
Source: MAF

Example: full form: adjective abbreviation: adj.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Note: This is complex/open right now; in Terminology we can't currently use the same DC because for Terminology /abbreviation/ is one value in the value domain of /term type/. Laurent has suggested a new complex/closed DC: /form type/ and declare abbreviation & it's ilk as values in this value domain. This would be super because then we could use the same simple DCs for both Morphosyntax and for Terminology.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1418 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add

add; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2093

Identifier: add   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Add a string at position X.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2093 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add affix

add affix; standardized name
add affix; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2201

Identifier: addAffix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the specified affix.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2201 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add after

add after; standardized name
add after; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1831

Identifier: addAfter   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of the MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds a string to the right.
Source: MAF
Note: ex in French, "chanter" => "chantera"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1831 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add before

add before; standardized name
add before; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1829

Identifier: addBefore   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds a string to the left.
Source: MAF
Note: in German "lesen" => "gelesen"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1829 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add component lemma

add component lemma; standardized name
add component lemma; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2202

Identifier: addComponentLemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the lemma of a specific component.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2202 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add component stem

add component stem; standardized name
add component stem; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2204

Identifier: addComponentStem   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the stem of the specified component.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2204 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add first consonant

add first consonant; standardized name
add first consonant; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2198

Identifier: addFirstConsonant   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the first consonant of the operand.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2198 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add first vowel

add first vowel; standardized name
add first vowel; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2199

Identifier: addFirstVowel   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the first vowel of the operand.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2199 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add lemma

add lemma; standardized name
add lemma; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2200

Identifier: addLemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the given lemma.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2200 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add lower case component lemma

add lower case component lemma; standardized name
add lower case component lemma; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2203

Identifier: addLowerCaseComponentLemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the lemma of the component in with the initial letter in lower case.
Source: MAF

Note: Check against MAF: the original definition was an incorrect translation of the French.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2203 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adjectival function

adjectival function; admitted name
adjectival function; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5289

Identifier: adjectivalFunction   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A feature that indicates the syntactic function typical of an adjective phrase. The function may influence the adjective declension in some languages (e.g. Danish)
Source: STO

Example: In Danish: Attributive function: Det grønne hus (the green house) Predicative function: Huset er grønt (the house is green)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5289 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


attributive function

attributive function; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5287

Identifier: attributiveFunction   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An attributive adjective modifies a noun, usually by being placed next to it (NP internal).
Source: STO

Example: In Danish: Det grønne hus (the green house)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5287 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


predicative function

predicative function; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5288

Identifier: predicativeFunction   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An adjective in predicative function is connected to the subject of a clause by means of ‘is’ or another copulative verb.
Source: STO

Example: In Danish: Huset er grønt (the house is green)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5288 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


adjutative voice

adjutative voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3844

Identifier: adjutativeVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice for a construction where the subject of the verb is not an agent of the action denoted by the verb but is assisting an unstated agent in performing the action
Source: WP

Example: I helped them build the barn
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3844 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


affix

affix; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1234

Identifier: affix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Letter or group of letters which are added to a word to make a new word.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1234 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


affix rank

affix rank; standardized name
affix rank; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2184

Identifier: affixRank   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Rank of an affix.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2184 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


agreement

agreement; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2188

Identifier: agreement   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Formal relationship whereby a word (or a sub-part of a word) requires a corresponding form of another word (or sub-part of a word)
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2188 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


allomorph

allomorph; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1237

Identifier: allomorph   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: One of two or more complementary morphs which manifest a morpheme in its different phonological or morphological environments.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAllomorph.htm
Note: "s" in "cots" and "digs" has the allomorphs represented phonetically by {-s} and {-z} respectively.

Example: [-s] as in [hQts] 'hats'
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allative_case

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1237 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


animacy

animacy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1902

Identifier: animacy   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: The characteristic of a word indicating that in a given discourse community, its referent is considered to be alive or to possess a quality of volition or consciousness.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1902 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


animate

animate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1911

Identifier: animate   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as alive.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1911 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inanimate

inanimate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1952

Identifier: inanimate   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as not living.
Source: ISO12620

Example: chair (it)
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1952 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


other animacy

other animacy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1953

Identifier: otherAnimacy   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as related to animacy, but without specific reference to the previous items.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


annotation

annotation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2318

Identifier: annotation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: Syntax, Morphosyntax, Semantic Content Representation

Definition: information added to a word, phrase, clause, sentence, a text or a relation among them
Source:

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


antipassive voice

antipassive voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3845

Identifier: antipassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice in a construction with a transitive verb where the object is deleted
Source: WP

Example: In Basque: Gauza miragarriak ikusirik nago / ikusia naiz (*I am seen wonderful things)
Source: WP

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Language sections: English, French


any

any; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2193

Identifier: any   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Markup meaning that all values are allowed
Source:

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


aorist

aorist; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1240

Identifier: aorist   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Simple past tense that is predominantly used for narration. Both the perfective and the imperfective forms can be used in the aorist without any restrictions.
Source: www.helsinki.fi/~bontchev/grammar/index.html
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


apocope

apocope; standardized name
apocopate; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2254

Identifier: apocope   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property concerning the deletion of the final element in a word
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


apocope mood

apocope mood; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3843

Identifier: apocopeMood   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: mood expressed by an apocope
Source: Sfax lexicon

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Language sections: English, French


applicative voice

applicative voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3846

Identifier: applicativeVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice which promotes an oblique argument of a verb to the core patient argument and indicates the oblique role within the meaning of the verb
Source: WP

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Language sections: English, French


approximate

approximate; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2206

Identifier: approximate   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property used to qualify something similar but not exactly the same
Source:

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


aspect

aspect; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1242

Identifier: aspect   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Category associated to verbs and referring to the way the grammar marks the duration or type of temporal activity.
Source: Crystal
Note: MAF

Example: I'll phone my mother tomorrow. (The event is planed as a single completed action.) From now on every week I'll phone my mother. (The action is intended to be completed successfully and repeated more than once.) Tomorrow afternoon I'll be preparing myself for the English language test. (The action will be in progress by tomorrow afternoon.)
Source:

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


cessative

cessative; standardized name
accomplished; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2001

Identifier: cessative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Aspect that expresses the cessation of an event or state.
Source: SIL

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Language sections: English, French


imperfective

imperfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1305

Identifier: imperfective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Imperfective aspect is an aspect that expresses an event or state, with respect to its internal structure, instead of expressing it as a simple whole.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

Example: Here are some examples of imperfective aspect: Progressive aspect Example: be + -ing Habitual aspect with Example: used to
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsImperfectiveAspect.htm

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Language sections: English, French


inchoative

inchoative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2002

Identifier: inchoative   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Aspect that expresses the beginning of an event or state.
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


perfective

perfective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1352

Identifier: perfective   Type: simple   Origin: Gil Francopoulo   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Perfective aspect is an aspect that expresses a temporal view of an event or state as a simple whole, apart from the consideration of the internal structure of the time in which it occurs.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm
Note: MAF

Example: He walked there.This type of construction expresses a temporal view of walk distinct from those expressed in the following constructions: - He was walking there. - He used to walk there
Source: ww.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPerfectiveAspect.htm

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Language sections: English, French


unaccomplished

unaccomplished; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2217

Identifier: unaccomplished   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: aspect that expresses an event or state that is not finished.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


attributive adjective

attributive adjective; admitted name
attributive adjective; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5242

Identifier: attributiveAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: An adjective that comes before a noun and not after a copula verb, like BE, SEEM, etc.
Source: MAF

Example: The blue car is new. (Here "blue" is an attributive adjective, but "new" is a predicate adjective.)
Source: SEW

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auxiliary

auxiliary; standardized name
auxiliary; Source: MAF; data element name
auxiliary verb; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1244

Identifier: auxiliary   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs, subordinate to the main lexical verb which help to make distinction in mood, aspect, voice etc.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: Be
Source:

Note: The definition could be refined stylistically: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs used as subordinates to the main lexical verb which help to distinguish mood, aspect, voice etc. One could then cite the source as "Based on Crystal 2003".

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Language sections: English, French


be

be; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1246

Identifier: be   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb used to link the subject of a sentence and its noun or adjective complement or complementing phrase in certain languages. This verb could be used also to form the passive voice.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=be -> 4)

Example: I am happy !
Source: zeus.inalf.fr Base

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Language sections: English, French


broken plural

broken plural; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2218

Identifier: brokenPlural   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: plural

Definition: Internal plural that do not have any inflection.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


case

case; standardized name
case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1840

Identifier: case   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: In a given sentence, the way in which the form of a word changes in order to express a relationship with one or several words of the sentence, whereby the morphological modification may apply to nouns, pronouns, and noun phrase constituents, such as adjectives or numerals.
Source: MAF
Note: English marks case only on pronouns: nominative (e.g. I), objective (e.g. me) and genitive (e.g. my) and on nouns: (e.g. boy's and boys'). Latin marks six cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative and ablative.

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Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


abessive case

abessive case; standardized name
abessive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1223

Identifier: abessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the lack or absence of the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: Pei and Gaynor 1954 & Gove 1966

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Language sections: English, French


ablative case

ablative case; standardized name
ablative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1224

Identifier: ablativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case typically used to indicate locative or instrumental function.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: The case is usually translated into English with a preposition.

Example: By the window, in the doghouse
Source:

Note: Ablative is one of the six locative cases which as their basic meaning correspond to locational prepositions in English.

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Language sections: English, French


absolutive case

absolutive case; standardized name
absolutive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1225

Identifier: absolutiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used for nouns in ergative-absolute languages that would generally be the subjects of intransitive verbs or the objects of transitive verbs in the translational equivalents of nominative-accusative languages such as English.
Source: dfki
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


accusative case

accusative case; standardized name
accusative case; Source: MAF; data element name
accusative; Source: SEW, short form; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1226

Identifier: accusativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to indicate a direct object.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1226 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


additive case

additive case; standardized name
additive case; Source: Morphosyntax group; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1229

Identifier: additiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express "to" [or towards] in Basque studies.
Source: SIL

Note: Suggested new definition: In Basque studies, a case that expresses motion to or toward the referent of the noun it marks. Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAllativeCase.htm Note: The term allative case has been used in studies of Finnish and Eskimo. Its synonym additive case has been used especially in studies of Basque. Here the addition of the reference to "motion" clarifies the use of the additive case. Check record for allative case -- it may have similar problems. Otherwise this could be ambiguous because "to" can also express the indirect object in English.

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Language sections: English, French


adessive case

adessive case; standardized name
adessive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1228

Identifier: adessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of presence 'at' or 'near' a place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: MAF

Note: Adessive is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning is expressed by locational prepositions in English.

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Language sections: English, French


allative case

allative case; standardized name
allative case; Source: Member of MAF DCS; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1236

Identifier: allativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of motion 'to' or 'towards' the referent it marks.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: For instance in Finnish.

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Language sections: English, French


benefactive case

benefactive case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1247

Identifier: benefactiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express that the referent of the noun it marks receives the benefit of the situation expressed by the clause.
Source: SIL

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Language sections: English, French


causative case

causative case; standardized name
causative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1253

Identifier: causativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express that the referent of the noun it marks is the cause of the situation expressed by the clause.
Source: SIL

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Language sections: English, French


comitative case

comitative case; standardized name
comitative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1255

Identifier: comitativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a meaning similar to 'along with' or 'accompagnied by'.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: MAF

Example: A bartommal mentem. The friend-my-with went-I 'I went with my friend.' In Hungarian the suffix used is val/vel
Source:

Note: Found in Finnish, Hungarian and Estonian

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Language sections: English, French


dative case

dative case; standardized name
dative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1265

Identifier: dativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case typically used to express an indirect object relationship or a range of meaning similar to that covered by 'to' or 'for' in English, whereby there is a great deal of variation between languages in the way this case is used.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: They fixed him a good lunch. They fixed their guests a good lunch. [Indirect objects 'him' and 'their guests' would be expressed in the dative case in case-dependent languages.
Source: SEW

Explanation: The original example is terrible: They ate themselves a good lunch. This is bad English and not even a true dative (it is a reflexive in English, only marginally comparable to the indirect object.)
Source: www.latl.unige.ch

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Language sections: English, French


delative case

delative case; standardized name
delative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1268

Identifier: delativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express motion downward from the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: SIL

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Language sections: English, French


elative case

elative case; standardized name
elative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1276

Identifier: elativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of motion 'away from' from the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: For instance, for Finnish.

Note: Elative is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning corresponds to locational prepositions in English

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1276 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


equative case

equative case; standardized name
equative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1279

Identifier: equativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express likeness or identity to the referent of the noun it marks, whereby it has a meaning such as: 'as', 'like', or 'in the capacity of'.
Source: SIL

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Language sections: English, French


ergative case

ergative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1280

Identifier: ergativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used for the subject of a transitive verb as opposed to absolutive case.
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ergative_case
Note: For instance for Basque and Eskimo.

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Language sections: English, French


essive case

essive case; standardized name
essive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1281

Identifier: essiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a state of being.
Source: Crystal 2003

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Language sections: English, French


genitive case

genitive case; standardized name
possessive case; admitted name
genitive case; Source: MAF; data element name
possessive case; Source: SEW (used in English); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1293

Identifier: genitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a possessive relationship (e.g. the boy's book) or some other similarly close connection (e.g. a summer's day).
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is a great deal of variation between languages in the way this case is used.

Example: The boy's book, but the back of the house. In English, inanimate objects are less frequently used with the possessive form.
Source: SEW

Note: Hardly any English nouns decline, but the genitive case is indicated by the endings 's (belonging to one) and s' (belonging to more than one) in such phrases as the dog's bone, the cats' litter box.

Note: The original example is not good at all: The brick of the wall. English would say: the brick in the wall; the brick used in the wall.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1293 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


illative case

illative case; standardized name
illative case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1303

Identifier: illativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of 'motion into' or 'direction towards' the referent of the noun it marks.
Source: Crystal 2003

Note: Illative is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning corresponds to locational prepositions in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1303 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inessive case

inessive case; standardized name
inessive case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1311

Identifier: inessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the meaning of location or position within a place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: For instance for Finnish.

Note: Inessive is one of the six locative cases whose basic meaning corresponds to locational prepositions in English

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1311 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


instrumental case

instrumental case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1316

Identifier: instrumentalCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case indicating that the referent of the noun it marks is the means of the accomplishment of the action expressed by the clause.
Source: SIL
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


lative case

lative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1323

Identifier: lativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case which expresses motion to a location.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lative_case
Note: For instance, in some Uralic languages like Erzya or Moksha. In finnish, lative is not productive anymore.

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Language sections: English, French


locative case

locative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1326

Identifier: locativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that indicates a final location of action or a time of the action.
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locative_case
Note: MAF

Example: On chital v komnate. (This is Cyrilic)He read-past in room-loc. 'He was reading in the room.'
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


nominative case

nominative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1331

Identifier: nominativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to indicate the subject of a verb.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: Nouns used in isolation have this case.

Example: I did it
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr Tlfi, MORPHEME, A,1

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Language sections: English, French


objective case

objective case; standardized name
objective case; Source: http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000352.htm; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2798

Identifier: objectiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000352.htm   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express the direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, object complement and subject of an infinitive.
Source: http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000352.htm
Note: American English grammar teaches 'objective case', while British English grammar may continue to use dative and accusative as borrowed from Latin.

Example: I see him. I brought him a new book. I bought the book for him.
Source: Gil

Explanation: Compared with the strategy of naming these different meanings with difference case names, the argument is that this is all the same case, which is called objective case. This is indeed what every American is taught in school: they learn nominative case (I is of course nominative case), and they learn objective case.
Source: Gil

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oblique case

oblique case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1336

Identifier: obliqueCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that is used when a noun is the object of a verb or a proposition, except for nominative and vocative case.
Source: www.hyperdictionary.com/dictionary/oblique+case +

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1336 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


partitive case

partitive case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2003

Identifier: partitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that expresses the partial nature of the referent of the noun it marks, as opposed to expressing the whole unit or class of which the referent is a part.
Source: DFKI

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2003 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


prolative case

prolative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1368

Identifier: prolativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case for a noun or a pronoun that expresses motion within a place or a period of time needed for an event.
Source: MAF
Note: Prolative is widely used in Estonian. There is a great deal of variation about this term in the various dictionaries.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1368 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


sociative case

sociative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1388

Identifier: sociativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case related to the person in whose company the action is carried out, or to any belongings of people which take part in the action.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociative_case
Note: This case is not productive any more; nowadays the instrumental-comitative case is usually used instead.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1388 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


sublative case

sublative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1392

Identifier: sublativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case for a move of something to the surface of another object.
Source: www.hungarotips.com/hungarian/i/fonev1.html
Note: Be sure it will NOT be inside of the object, only ON the object. Sublative endings: -ra, -re Example sentences: Leteszem a táskát a székre. -- I put the bag on the chair. Felakasztjuk a képet a falra. -- We are hanging up the picture to the wall.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1392 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


superessive case

superessive case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1396

Identifier: superessiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case indicating location on top of something or on the surface of something.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superessive_case
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1396 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


terminative case

terminative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1401

Identifier: terminativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that indicates to what or where something ends.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terminative_case
Note: Fir instance in Estonian, jõeni: "to the river" / "as far as the river"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1401 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


translative case

translative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1406

Identifier: translativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case indicating that the referent of the noun, or the quality of the adjective, that it marks is the result of a process of change.
Source: SIL
Note: In Finnish, this is the counterpart of the essive case.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1406 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


vocative case

vocative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1412

Identifier: vocativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to indicate direct address.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: You're a good man, Charlie Brown
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1412 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


case

case; admitted name
CASE; Source: CGN; data element name
NAAMVAL; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4932

Identifier: case   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a grammatical category used to identify the syntactic relationship between words in a sentence.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4932 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


dative

dative; admitted name
dat; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4938

Identifier: dativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form mainly used to express an indirect object
Source: CGN

Example: te mijnEN huize
Source: CGN

Note: these are archaic forms

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4938 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


genitive

genitive; admitted name
gen; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4937

Identifier: genitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form which expresses a possessive relationship (e.g. the boy's book) or some other similarly close connection (e.g. a summer's day)
Source: CGN

Example: John's book
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4937 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


genitive or dative

genitive or dative; admitted name
bijz; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4936

Identifier: genDatCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of either genitive or dative case when these do not correspond with different forms
Source: CGN

Example: zaligER gedachtenis (blessed memory) vs te goedER trouw (faithfully)
Source: CGN

Note: these are archaic forms

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4936 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plain case

plain case; admitted name
standard case; admitted name
stan; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4933

Identifier: plainCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of forms showing no characteristics (affixes) of a specific case (like nominative, oblique, dative etc)
Source: CGN

Example: office, booklet, trees, nice. Not: he, we, him
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4933 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


nominative

nominative; admitted name
nom; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4934

Identifier: nominativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: plain case

Definition: indication of the form used to indicate the subject of a verb
Source: CGN

Example: he, we, they. Not: the MAN bought trees
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4934 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


oblique

oblique; admitted name
obl; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4935

Identifier: obliqueCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: plain case

Definition: indication of form used to indicate the object of a verb or preposition
Source: CGN

Example: him, her, them. Not: the man bought TREES
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4935 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


causative voice

causative voice; standardized name
causative voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3847

Identifier: causativeVoice   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice where the subject causes someone or something else to do or be something
Source:

Example: I caused him to loose his place
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3847 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


character coding

character coding; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2089

Identifier: characterCoding   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation of the standard used to code the characters.
Source:
Note: For instance ISO-10646, in other terms Unicode.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2089 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


circumstantial voice

circumstantial voice; standardized name
circumstantial voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3848

Identifier: circumstantialVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice that promotes an oblique argument of a verb to the role of subject
Source: WP

Note: in Malagasy language

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3848 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


citation form (vernacular)

citation form (vernacular); admitted name
citation form (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
lc; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3716

Identifier: citation_form_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Morphosyntax, Language Codes

Definition: This should be added only if the lexical entry form is inappropriate for the printed dictionary, and you want to substitute another form for the printed entry. When formatting a document, MDF always replaces the contents of the lx field with the contents of the lc field (if present).
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3716 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


classifier

classifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2345

Identifier: classifier   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: part of speech related to a noun to express the sub-classes to which a noun belongs.
Source:
Note: Originally used to express the unit of a noun in counting.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2345 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


clause text type

clause text type; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6768

Identifier: clauseTextType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Text function of a clause, such as narrative, discursive, direct speech, or combinations of these functions.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6768 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


clause-atom relation

clause-atom relation; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6765

Identifier: clauseAtomRelation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: classification of uninterrupted parts of clauses based on their internal structure.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Example: Values 100–167 indicate Asyndetic clause atoms. 
(Construction without a conjunction). The first digit in the offset from 100 is a code for the tense of the verbal predicate of the daughter clause, the second that of the mother clause.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: When clauses are interrupted by material that is not part of that clause, the uninterrupted parts are called clause atoms. These atoms can be classified on the basis of the material they contain.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6765 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


clause-constituent relation

clause-constituent relation; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6766

Identifier: clauseConstituentRelation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Grammatical function of a clause.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Example: “that Mary is coming back” in “John knows that Mary is coming back.” is an object clause.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: A clause that functions as an object is an object clause. There are many other grammatical functions that clauses can engage in: subject, predicative, attributive, referral to vocative, etc.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6766 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


clauseIsRoot

clauseIsRoot; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6767

Identifier: clauseIsRoot   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: whether this uninterrupted part of the clause counts as root of the clause.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: When clauses are interrupted by material that is not part of that clause, the uninterrupted parts are called clause atoms. One of these atoms counts as the root of the whole clause.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6767 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


cliticness

cliticness; standardized name
cliticness; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1903

Identifier: cliticness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Categorization of the different types of clitics.
Source: MultText-East
Note: For instance, for Slovene, cliticness has the following values no=ne yes=da bound=navezna

Example: What's going on? ('s is a clitic.) In French, Je t'aime. (t' is a clitic.)
Source:

Explanation: A clitic is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but shows evidence of being phonologically bound to another word. Clitics functions above the word level syntactically and on the word level phonologically, whereas affixes function at the word level both syntactically and phonologically.
Source: Based on http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACliticGrammar.htm

Note: MAF does not distinguish: proclitic, occurring at the beginning of a morpheme and enclitic, occurring at the end of a morpheme. Some languages also distinguish mesoclitics and endoclitics.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1903 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


bound

bound; standardized name
bound; Source: MAF; data element name
bound clitic; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1933

Identifier: bound   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Linked to a particular element.
Source: MAF

Example: In the English expression "I'm", the enclitic " 'm " is bound to the pronoun "I".
Source: SEW

Explanation: The form of the definition is incomplete: A clitic that is linked to a particular element.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1933 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


close bracket

close bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2083

Identifier: closeBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: close punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented by ]
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2083 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


close curly bracket

close curly bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2085

Identifier: closeCurlyBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: close punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented by }
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2085 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


close punctuation

close punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2079

Identifier: closePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: End of a paired punctuation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2079 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


clusivity

clusivity; admitted name
clusivity; Source: Filimonova, E. (Ed.). 2005. Clusivity. Typological and case studies of the inclusive-exclusive distinction. (Typological Studies in Language. Volume 63). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031

Identifier: clusivity   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Filimonova, E. (Ed.). 2005. Clusivity. Typological and case studies of the inclusive-exclusive distinction. (Typological Studies in Language. Volume 63). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Terminology

Definition: The category that encodes "whether the addressee (addressees) are included in or excluded from the set of referents which also contains the speaker".
Source: Filimonova 2005: xii

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


exclusive

exclusive; admitted name
exclusive; Source: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3029

Identifier: exclusive   Type: simple   Origin: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Terminology

Definition: a form denoting that the addressee (addressees) are not included into the set of their referents which contain also the speaker
Source: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3029 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


inclusive

inclusive; admitted name
inclusive; Source: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3030

Identifier: inclusive   Type: simple   Origin: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Terminology

Definition: the form denoting that the addressee (addressees) are included into the set of their referents which contain also the speaker
Source: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3031

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3030 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


coding

coding; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2242

Identifier: coding   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: system of marking so that data can be understood
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2242 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


comment

comment; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1846

Identifier: comment   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Textual content about an element
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1846 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


comparison

comparison; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4923

Identifier: comparison   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: characterization of the degree of intensity of a specific feature by affixes (suffix, infix) or by suppletion
Source: CGN

Explanation: almostSameAs DC-2779
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4923 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


completive

completive; admitted name
COMPL; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5474

Identifier: completive   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: To do something thoroughly and to completion.
Source: Bybee, Perkins, and Pagliuca. 1994: 54.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5474 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


component rank

component rank; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2185

Identifier: componentRank   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Rank of a component
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2185 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


conjugated

conjugated; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2207

Identifier: conjugated   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property of a verbal form when inflected
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2207 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


contextual variation

contextual variation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1977

Identifier: contextualVariation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Variation on a particular usage or immediate proximity of words.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1977 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


converb

converb; standardized name
converb; Source: Haspelmath; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6117

Identifier: converb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: gerundive

Definition: nonfinite verb form whose main function is to mark adverbial subordination
Source: Haspelmath 1995

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6117 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


copy

copy; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1835

Identifier: copy   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that duplicates N characters from position X at position Y
Source:
Note: e.g. the plural by mean of duplication like in Indonesian "mata" (eye) => "mata-mata" (eyes)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1835 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


countable noun

countable noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2276

Identifier: countableNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: noun referring to one or several concepts that may be counted
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2276 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


country coding

country coding; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2092

Identifier: countryCoding   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation of the standard used to code the country.
Source: MAF
Note: For instance, ISO-3166-1

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2092 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


creation date

creation date; standardized name
creation date; Source: GF; TBX-Basic; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2251

Identifier: creationDate   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Date of creation.
Source: GF

Note: [Proposed harmonization] The date when a resource or resource fragment was created. [SEW proposal to correct the defective Morphosyntax definition]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2251 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: date


date coding

date coding; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2090

Identifier: dateCoding   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation of the standard used to code the dates.
Source:
Note: For instance, ISO-8601 in order to code the creation date of an object. Let's note that the date contains the time and the time zone of the time.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2090 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


dating

dating; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1959

Identifier: dating   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication specifying whether the usage is old or modern.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1959 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


modern

modern; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1962

Identifier: modern   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Currently in use.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1962 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


old

old; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1961

Identifier: old   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Used in the past.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1961 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


declarative punctuation

declarative punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2086

Identifier: declarativePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: main punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used at the end a declarative sentence.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2086 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


declension

declension; admitted name
inflection; admitted name
BUIGING; Source: CGN; data element name
DECLENSION; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4944

Identifier: declension   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of adaptation of the form of a word in relation to its position
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4944 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


declension-e

declension-e; admitted name
met-e; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4946

Identifier: declension-e   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that an '-e' had to be added to the base form of a specific word in order to comply with its position
Source: CGN

Example: mooiE huizen (beautiful houses), een mooiE stad (a nice town)
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4946 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


declension-s

declension-s; admitted name
met-s; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4947

Identifier: declension-s   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that an '-s' had to be added to the base form of a specific word in order to comply with its position
Source: CGN

Example: iets mooiS (something nice)
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4947 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


without declension

without declension; admitted name
zonder; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4945

Identifier: withoutDeclension   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that the form of the word has not changed in order to comply with its position
Source: CGN

Example: a beautiful house (een mooi huis)
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4945 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


decomposition

decomposition; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5281

Identifier: decomposition   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The decomposition feature is used for noun + noun compounds. It contains the segmentation of a compound noun into its two immediate noun components and the joining element in between them (if there is one), ‘+’ is used as joint marker.
Source: STO

Example: Spelling: ansvarsbevidsthed Decomposition: ansvar+s+bevidsthed (lit: responsibilitysense, ‘sense of responsibility’).
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5281 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


definiteness

definiteness; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1926

Identifier: definiteness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property about the possiblity to identify an entity.
Source: MAF
Note: Definiteness in English is generally conveyed through the use of definite determiners, such as "this" or "the". fullArticle and shortArticle are for Bulgarian.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1926 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


definite

definite; standardized name
status emphaticus; admitted name
status determinatus; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2004

Identifier: definite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value referring to the capacity of identification of an entity.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2004 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


full article

full article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1928

Identifier: fullArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: For definiteness, when a specific form is the syntactic subject of the clause.
Source: DFKI
Note: For Bulgarian, for instance.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1928 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite

indefinite; standardized name
status absolutus; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2005

Identifier: indefinite   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value related to an entity in a situation where the identification of this entity is not clear cut.
Source:
Note: indefinite is the contrary of definite

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2005 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


short article

short article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1927

Identifier: shortArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: For definiteness, when a specific form is not the syntactic subject of the clause.
Source: MAF
Note: For Bulgarian, for instance.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1927 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


definition

definition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1972

Identifier: definition   Type: complex/open   Origin: 168   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Representation of a concept by a descriptive statement which serves to differentiate it from related concepts.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1972 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


degree

degree; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1419

Identifier: degree   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property concerning comparison.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1419 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


comparative

comparative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1421

Identifier: comparative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Comparative is the comparison where only two entites are involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "better" is comparative, "best" is superlative and "good" is positive.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1421 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


positive

positive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1420

Identifier: positive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison relationship when no comparison is involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1420 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


superlative

superlative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1422

Identifier: superlative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison between more than two entities.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1422 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


degree

degree; admitted name
GRAAD; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4920

Identifier: degree   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property concerning word forms expressing comparison and diminutive
Source: CGN

Example: large, largER, largEST, manneTJE (small man), kindJE (small child)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4920 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


base

base; admitted name
plain; admitted name
basis; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4921

Identifier: base   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form indicating the absence of diminutive, comparative and superlative affixes/suppletion
Source: CGN

Example: large, good, reliable, book, cat
Source: CGN

Explanation: positive: only when comparison is involved. 'Base' is broader as it also covers forms that are not diminutive.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4921 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


comparative

comparative; admitted name
comp; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4924

Identifier: comparative   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: value expressing 9affix, suppletion) a higher than basic level of intensity of the named feature, while it is not the highest level.
Source: CGN

Example: larger, better, more (reliable)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4924 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


diminutive

diminutive; admitted name
dim; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4922

Identifier: diminutive   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form expressing smallness by means of affixes
Source: CGN

Example: boekJE (small book)
Source: CGN

Explanation: The meaning of a word is not relevant
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4922 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


superlative

superlative; admitted name
sup; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4925

Identifier: superlative   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: value expressing (via affix or suppletion) the highest level of intensity of the named feature
Source: CGN

Example: largeST, BEST, MOST (reliable)
Source: CGN

Note: 'most reliable': 'most' is a superlative form, whereas 'reliable' is just a positive form

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4925 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


derivation

derivation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1271

Identifier: derivation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Change in the form of a linguistic unit, usually modification in the base/root or affixation to create a new word.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Sometimes derivation signals a change in part of speech, such as "nation" to "nationalize". Sometimes the part of speech remains the same as in "nationalization" vs "denationalization".

Example: Kindness is derived from kind
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1271 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


determination

determination; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6769

Identifier: determination   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Whether the grammatical unit in question functions as a determined or undetermined entity.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: “The man” is a determined phrase, “A man” is an undetermined phrase.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6769 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


dialect

dialect; admitted name
dial; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5038

Identifier: dialect   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a particular word belongs to a regional variety of a language and should not be used outside that region in order to be understood
Source: CGN

Example: dieje frak - that coat
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5038 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


direction

direction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2238

Identifier: direction   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: general way in which something changes or develops
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2238 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


distance mother

distance mother; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6771

Identifier: distanceMother   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The distance between an occurrence of a constituent and its syntactic head.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: See also “syntactic head (DC-2248)”. The unit is specified elsewhere. See “distance unit (DC-6770)”.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6771 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


distance unit

distance unit; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6770

Identifier: distanceUnit   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The unit in which a textual distance is measured.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6770 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


distributional parent

distributional parent; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6772

Identifier: distributionalParent   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: parent constituent in a distributional hierarchy.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: A distributional hierarchy is built by looking at the observable characteristics of textual elements.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6772 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


domain

domain; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2212

Identifier: domain   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: area of activity, interest, or knowledge
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2212 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


el inclusion

el inclusion; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2219

Identifier: elInclusion   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Feature for nouns to express the property that the noun may be associated with article el.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For the article "الْ" in Arabic.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2219 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


elative

elative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2220

Identifier: elative   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: value used to qualify someone or something as superior
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: In some languages such as Arabic, the concept of comparative and superlative degree of an adjective are merged into a single form, the elative. Not to be confused with elative case.

Example: The elative of kabir (big) is akbar (bigger/biggest).
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2220 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


elative noun

elative noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3860

Identifier: elativeNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun to express both comparative and superlative
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3860 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


elision

elision; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1277

Identifier: elision   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The omission of a syllable or vowel at the beginning or end of a word, esp. when a word ending with a vowel is next to one beginning with a vowel.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=elision

Example: cats 'n dogs = 'cats and dogs'
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elative_case

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1277 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


etymological root

etymological root; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1987

Identifier: etymologicalRoot   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Morpheme that has a particular status with regards to the word's etymology.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: For instance, in Arabic language, the root has a particular status.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1987 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


etymology proto-form (vernacular)

etymology proto-form (vernacular); admitted name
etymology proto-form (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
et; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3704

Identifier: etymology_proto-form_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Codes, Morphosyntax

Definition: The etymology for the lexeme is put here, e.g.: et *babuy
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3704 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


exact

exact; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2205

Identifier: exact   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Completely correct in every detail
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2205 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


example

example; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1958

Identifier: example   Type: complex/open   Origin: 222   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Descriptive material that provides a sample of an object or entity defined in the entry.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1958 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


expansion variation

expansion variation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1850

Identifier: expansionVariation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of the kind of variation between full and abbreviated forms.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1850 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


expletive

expletive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1283

Identifier: expletive   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word which serves no grammatical function, but which fills up a sentence or gives emphasis.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1283 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


external reference

external reference; standardized name
hook; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1975

Identifier: externalReference   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Reference to a particular node of an external descriptive system.
Source: LMF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1975 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


external system

external system; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1974

Identifier: externalSystem   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Reference to an external descriptive system.
Source: LMF
Note: For instance, the reference from a lexicon to an external system like SUMO.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1974 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


ezafe

ezafe; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2999

Identifier: ezafe   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: enclitic morpheme used to form noun phrases and that can denote possession, can form apposition or can join adjectives to nouns.
Source: Karlheinz Mörth

Example: In New Persian, "ketāb-e man" means "my book".
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2999 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


finiteness

finiteness; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1893

Identifier: finiteness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property referring to finite and non-finite status of a verbal form.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1893 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


finite

finite; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1287

Identifier: finite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property applied to a verb form that can occur on its own in an independent sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, all forms except the infinitives and participles are finite. All forms permit contrast in tense and mood.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1287 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


non-finite

non-finite; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1332

Identifier: nonFinite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property related for verb forms occurring on their own only in dependent clauses and lacking tense and mood contrasts.
Source: adapted from Crystal 2003

Example: En. infinitive It took courage to continue after the accident.(En. -ing form) Leaving home can be very traumatic. En. past participle Leave immediately when you are asked to do so.
Source: www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/verbs/xverb3.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1332 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


first dual (vernacular)

first dual (vernacular); admitted name
first dual (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
1d; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2797

Identifier: first_dual_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

Explanation: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form
Source: MDF set

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2797 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


first plural (vernacular)

first plural (vernacular); admitted name
first plural (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
1p; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3675

Identifier: first_plural_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3675 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


first plural exclusive (vernacular)

first plural exclusive (vernacular); admitted name
first plural exclusive (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
1e; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3028

Identifier: first_plural_exclusive_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995) URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: Morphosyntax, undecided, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: The form used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

Explanation: combined of three categories: person, number and clusivity
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3028 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


first plural inclusive (vernacular)

first plural inclusive (vernacular); admitted name
first plural inclusive (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
1i; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3674

Identifier: first_plural_inclusive_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3674 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


first singular (vernacular)

first singular (vernacular); admitted name
first singular (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
1s; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3676

Identifier: first_singular_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3676 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


focus marker

focus marker; admitted name
FOC; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4196

Identifier: focusMarker   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a morpheme indicating that the element it marks is the focus of the utterance.
Source: R. van Sluijs

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4196 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


foreign text

foreign text; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1423

Identifier: foreignText   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Markup used to identify a word, phrase, or extended text as belonging to some language other than that of the surrounding text.
Source: ISO12620

Example: In the German text of DIN EN ISO 9000-1, some terms are retained in English: Vertragliche Anwendung von Beurteilungs- und Genehmigungs- oder Registrierungs-Systemen (second party)
Source: ISO16642

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1423 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


foreign word

foreign word; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1886

Identifier: foreignWord   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word belonging to some language other than that of the surrounding text.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1886 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


formula

formula; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1888

Identifier: formula   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Figures, symbols or the like used to express a concept briefly, such as a mathematical or chemical formula.
Source: ISO12620

Example: H2O is the chemical formula for water.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1888 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


frequency

frequency; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1965

Identifier: frequency   Type: complex/closed   Origin: 233   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: The relative commonness with which a term occurs.
Source: ISO12620
Note: Designation of a term with respect to frequency can be based on subjective criteria, or it can reflect computer analysis of text corpora, in which case it can also be expressed as a ratio of occurrences per a number of words in the text corpus.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1965 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


commonly used

commonly used; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1984

Identifier: commonlyUsed   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Said of a term that appears frequently.
Source: ISO12620

Example: medical history
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1984 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infrequently used

infrequently used; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1985

Identifier: infrequentlyUsed   Type: simple   Origin: 235   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Said of a term that does not appear frequently.
Source: ISO12620

Example: anamnesis
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1985 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


rarely used

rarely used; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1986

Identifier: rarelyUsed   Type: simple   Origin: 236   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Said of a term that is almost never used.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1986 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


frequency

frequency; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5615

Identifier: Frequency   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Number of occurrences
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5615 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


functional parent

functional parent; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6773

Identifier: functionalParent   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: parent constituent in a functional hierarchy.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: A functional hierarchy is built on the basis of linguistic relationships between constituents.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6773 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


future perfect

future perfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1292

Identifier: futurePerfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A verb tense that refers to an action or state of being completed in the future. into English requires the use of the auxiliary verbs will/shall have.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

Note: A verb tense that describes an action that will have been performed by a certain time. [Source] www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=future+perfect Note: In English this tense is formed with "will have" or "shall have" plus the past participle.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1292 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


gender

gender; admitted name
GENUS; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4926

Identifier: GENDER   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A property indicating grammatical relationships between words in sentences abstracting away from natural gender/sex
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4926 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


grammatical gender

grammatical gender; admitted name
genus; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4927

Identifier: grammaticalGender   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: underspecified description of grammatical gender, used when a word appears as both neuter and nonneuter with the same meaning, while the context is not sufficient for disambiguation
Source: CGN

Example: een filter (a filter), een gilde (a guild). Not: een groot filter (a large filter), een pad (de pad - the toad; het pad - the path)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4927 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


feminine

feminine; admitted name
fem; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4931

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words, especially pronouns, which can only refer to antecedents mentioning entities with natural gender feminine
Source: CGN

Example: herself, she. Not: woman, girl, cow, bus
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4931 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


masculine

masculine; admitted name
masc; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4930

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words, especially pronouns, which can only refer to antecedents mentioning entities with natural gender masculine
Source: CGN

Example: himself, he. Not: man, boy, stallion
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4930 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


neuter

neuter; admitted name
onz; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4928

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words associated with an article characterized as neuter, or behaving as such
Source: CGN

Example: the girl, the little_boy, the family, the horse, the home, the water; een *oude/oud paard (an old horse)
Source: CGN

Explanation: Note that morphosyntactic gender is concerned. The actual, real-life gender (a girl being feminine, or at least non-neuter) is not relevant for this distinction.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4928 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


non-neuter

non-neuter; admitted name
gendered; admitted name
zijd; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4929

Identifier: nonNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words associated with an article characterized as non-neuter, or behaving as such.
Source: CGN

Example: the man, the woman, the cow, the fish, the chair, the church, the tree, the toad, the ocean. Not: the girl, the brain; een oude/*oud koe (en old cow)
Source: CGN

Explanation: Note that morphosyntactic gender is concerned. The actual, real-life gender (a girl being feminine, or at least non-neuter) is not relevant for this distinction.
Source: CGN

Note: non neuter' is used when the distinction between masculine and feminine is not longer felt to be relevant as far as morphosyntactic gender is concerned. But see http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4930 and http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4931

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4929 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


geographical variant

geographical variant; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1851

Identifier: geographicalVariant   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of a specific form used in a certain region as opposed to another form used in another region
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1851 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


gloss (English)

gloss (English); admitted name
gloss (English); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
ge; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3707

Identifier: gloss_English   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Codes, Morphosyntax, Multilingual Information Management, Translation

Definition: Intended for interlinear morpheme-level glossing. Join multi-word glosses with (_), e.g. wild_boar; use (space semicolon space) for multiple glosses, e.g. hut ; house ; shack. Used for reversing the dictionary if an e field is not present (or is present but empty); also as an English definition in a formatted dictionary if there is no de field (or it is present but empty).
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3707 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


grammatical gender

grammatical gender; standardized name
grammatical gender; Source: ISO 1262:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1297

Identifier: grammaticalGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Category based on (depending on languages) the natural distinction between sex and formal criteria.
Source: GP

Note: the common value is used for the word combines feminine and masculine [Alternate info from GP, but it needs cleaning up and we need to harmonize a good definition]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1297 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French, German, Italian

Data type: string


common gender

common gender; standardized name
common gender; Source: Morphosyntax set; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1558

Identifier: commonGender   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax set; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: gender used to describe morphological forms that could be either masculine or feminine
Source: agreement on the morphosyntax list with members of TDG-2 + TDG-9 in April 2013
Note: Not all languages have this tradition of having a common value for epicenes. It seems to be the case in Danish and Italian. It is not the case for French.

Example: Although English does not require gender markers, some English nouns are viewed as possessing common gender in the semantic sense. Examples include nouns like spouse, parent, chairperson, etc.
Source: Terminology TDG

Note: The Terminology TDG is not happy with the existing definition and would propose: In some languages, the gender of those nouns belonging to the single gender derived from the earlier masculine and feminine genders and separate from the neuter gender, as in Hittite or modern Danish. Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/common+gender

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1558 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


feminine

feminine; standardized name
feminine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: 247; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females.
Source: ISO12620
Note: In the languages where there is the notion of grammatical gender, the value /feminine/ is frequently attached to a word that has nothing to do with the natural gender. For instance, in French, "le tabouret" (masculine) vs "la chaise" (feminine) is purely idiomatic.

Example: fr: fille, mere
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masculine

masculine; standardized name
masculine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: 246; ISO 12620:1999; Source indicates synonymy with a DC defined for Terminology   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to males.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neuter

neuter; standardized name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: 248; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Although the noun Mädchen, a girl, ostensibly relates to a feminine entity, it is neuter based on the form of the word, since the diminutive ending "chen" reverts to neuter gender regardless of the concept to which the word refers.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


grammatical number

grammatical number; standardized name
grammatical number; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1298

Identifier: grammaticalNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Grammatical category for the variation in form of nouns, pronouns, and any words agreeing with them, depending on how many persons or things are referred to.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=number 12
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1298 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


collective

collective; standardized name
collective; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1254

Identifier: collective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A number referring to a set of things or people.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collective_number

Example: Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like "flock of sheep".
Source: ??

Note: A collective number is a number referring to 'a set of things'. Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like 'flock of sheeps' by using 'sheep' in collective number. [Definition from the MAF standard, but too long]

Note: A collective number is a number referring to 'a set of things'. Note: Languages that have this feature can use it to get a phrase like 'flock of sheep' by using 'sheep' in collective number. [Suggested correction]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1254 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


dual

dual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879

Identifier: dual   Type: simple   Origin: 254; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Form used in some languages to designate two persons or things.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


paucal

paucal; standardized name
paucal; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1350

Identifier: paucal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Number that specifies 'a few' things.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paucal_number
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1350 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


quadrial

quadrial; standardized name
quadrial; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2000

Identifier: quadrial   Type: simple   Origin: Morphysyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property related to four elements.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2000 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


trial

trial; standardized name
trial; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1407

Identifier: trial   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Grammatical number referring to 'three things', as opposed to 'singular' and 'plural'.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trial_number
Note: For instance, for mwotlap. Trial does not exist in English.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1407 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


graphical consonants

graphical consonants; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6774

Identifier: graphicalConsonants   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word occurrence as it occurs in a standard version of the text of the Hebrew Bible, without vowels.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: In the Hebrew Bible, the text originally did not contain vowels. Only after centuries vowels were added by Jewish scholars (the Masoretes) as diacritical marks. These vowels have become part of what we now consider the standard text of the Hebrew Bible. These diacritiacl marks are also known as “pointing”, because they mainly consist of sets of points.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6774 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


graphical operator

graphical operator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1860

Identifier: graphicalOperator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of the modification of a written form
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1860 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


graphical separator

graphical separator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1863

Identifier: graphicalSeparator   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Character string that appears between two written forms
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1863 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


graphical word

graphical word; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6775

Identifier: graphicalWord   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word occurrence as it occurs in a standard version of the text of the Hebrew Bible, with vowels and accents.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: A word may have additional diacritics in several contexts. Here we denote the concept of a word occurrence with all its actual diacritics in that context.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6775 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


habitual

habitual; admitted name
HAB; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4206

Identifier: habitual   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Habitual aspect is an imperfective aspect that expresses the occurrence of an event or state as characteristic of a period of time.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsHabitualAspect.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4206 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


have

have; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1299

Identifier: have   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The verb have as an auxiliary.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAuxiliaryVerb.htm

Example: I have eaten
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr Tlfi, NOMBRE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1299 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


homograph

homograph; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1300

Identifier: homograph   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that is written like another, but that has a different pronunciation, meaning, and/or origin.
Source: adapted from ISO12620

Example: bow, the front part of a ship || bow, to bend || bow, a decorative knot
Source: www.atilf.fr AVOIR

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1300 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


homonym

homonym; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1301

Identifier: homonym   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that sounds the same and is written the same as another word but is different in meaning.
Source:

Example: two and too
Source: www.atilf.fr HOMOGRAPHE COYAUD, Introd. ét. lang. docum., 1966, p. 45

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1301 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


homophone

homophone; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1302

Identifier: homophone   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that sounds like another word, but is different in writiing or meaning.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1302 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


honorific

honorific; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2347

Identifier: honorific   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: special form of language used when talking about those in positions of social situation
Source:
Note: Examples are a superior at work or a customer.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2347 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


hyphen

hyphen; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2077

Identifier: hyphen   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: secondary punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically presented as "-".
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2077 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


id

id; standardized name
identifier; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1845

Identifier: id   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Identification of an element
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1845 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


ideophone

ideophone; admitted name
ID; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4192

Identifier: ideophone   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Ideophones are marked words that depict sensory imagery.
Source: Dingemanse 2011: 25

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4192 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


image

image; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2249

Identifier: image   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: graphical representation
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2249 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


imperative aspect

imperative aspect; standardized name
imperative aspect; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3838

Identifier: imperativeAspect   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: aspect of an imperative verb form or clause
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3838 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impersonal

impersonal; admitted name
impersonal; Source: MAF; data element name
impersonal verb; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1306

Identifier: impersonal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An impersonal verb is a verb that - occurs only in third person singular forms - has no specified agent , and - has a dummy subject or no subject.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnImpersonalVerb.htm
Note: MAF

Example: It is raining. It is warm today.
Source: SEW

Note: The definitions are not in the proper form. Proposed definition: A verb occurirng in third person singular forms with no specified agent and with either no subject or a dummy subject. Source: Based on www.sil.org (see above)

Note: The following was provided as a definition, but the data model only allows one definition in a standardized specification. See above note for proposed edited definition, although perhaps the following one might provide additional input: Definition: (of a verb) having no logical subject. Usually in English the pronoun it is used in such cases as a grammatical subject, as for example in It is raining. (of a pronoun) not denoting a person www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=impersonal

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1306 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impersonal passive voice

impersonal passive voice; standardized name
impersonal passive voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3849

Identifier: impersonalPassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice where the valency of an intransitive verb (which has a valency one) is decreased to zero
Source: WP

Example: es wird geschlaffen
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3849 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impossible

impossible; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1866

Identifier: impossible   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: to denote something that cannot be considered as being correct in a given language
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1866 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


independent word

independent word; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5285

Identifier: independentWord   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The feature independent word states whether the word needs to be in a fixed collocation or can function independently
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5285 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infix

infix; standardized name
infix; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1313

Identifier: infix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix inserted in the middle of a word to change its meaning or part of speech value.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright

Example: In German, the past participle marker "ge" becomes an infix when used with a separable verb: "durchlesen" becomes "durchgelesen".
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1313 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


inflectional paradigm

inflectional paradigm; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5283

Identifier: inflectionalParadigm   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Inflectional pattern
Source: STO

Example: inflectionalParadigm: MFG0076 (+n,+r,+rne)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5283 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


ing Form

ing Form; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4108

Identifier: ingForm   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: English verb forms ending in the inflectional suffix `-ing'.
Source: EAGLES recommendations on morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4108 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


instrument noun

instrument noun; standardized name
instrument noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3856

Identifier: instrumentNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing an instrument of the action
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3856 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


intensifier

intensifier; admitted name
INS; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4203

Identifier: intensifier   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: an element which heightens or lowers the intensity of meaning of an item.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnIntensifier.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4203 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


intensity

intensity; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2197

Identifier: intensity   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Quality of being felt very strongly or having a strong effect
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2197 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


intensive noun

intensive noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3859

Identifier: intensiveNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun that emphasizes another noun
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3859 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative punctuation

interrogative punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2087

Identifier: interrogativePunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: main punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used when the sentence is interrogative.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2087 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inverted question mark

inverted question mark; standardized name
inverted interrogative point; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2088

Identifier: invertedQuestionMark   Type: simple   Origin: Member of DCS for MAF   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: interrogative punctuation

Definition: Punctuation used in certain languages at the beginning of an interrogative sentence.
Source: GIL

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2088 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


joining element

joining element; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5279

Identifier: joiningElement   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The joining element (mostly -s or –e) follows the noun and is joined by another noun component to form a compound noun.
Source: STO

Example: Spelling: ansvar (‘responsibility’) Fugeelement: s Resultat: ansvars Compound noun: ansvarsfordeling
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5279 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


joining element result

joining element result; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5280

Identifier: joiningElementResult   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Noun after adding the joining element (mostly -s or –e). The joining elemet follows the noun and is joined by another noun component to form a compound noun.
Source: STO

Example: Spelling: ansvar (‘responsibility’) JoiningElement: s J oiningElementResultat: ansvars Compound noun: ansvarsfordeling
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5280 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


key

key; preferred name
key; Source: CMDI; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4174

Identifier: key   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Morphosyntax, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography

Definition: Indication of the unique data category name in data represented in key-value-pairs.
Source: NaLiDa

Note: Should only be used in a pair with an accompanying value. If possible, keys should be replaced by an appropriate data category with the value being the value of the data category.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4174 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Data type: string


label

label; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1857

Identifier: label   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Text attached to an element
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1857 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


language

language; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1969

Identifier: language   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: System of communication by written or spoken words which is used by the people of a particular country or area.
Source: Longman dictionay of contemporary English 2005

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1969 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


language code

language code; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2008

Identifier: languageCoding   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation of the standard used to code the name of the languages.
Source:
Note: For instance, ISO-639-3 in order to specify a language name with three letters.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2008 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


left environment

left environment; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2194

Identifier: leftEnvironment   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Left side from a specific point
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2194 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


lemma

lemma; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1324

Identifier: lemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Base form a word or term that is used as the formal entry in a dictionary.
Source: ISO12620A-020803 Sue Ellen Wright + Francopoulo
Note: The lemma is the written form of the lemmatised Form. Note : For nouns, the base form is frequently the nominative singular form (in languages that show variation by case). For adjectives it is the positive form of the adjective, as opposed to the comparative, for instance. In some languages it is uninflected, whereas in others it is the masculine singular. For verbs it is generally the infinitive rather than an inflected form.

Example: A pronoun. For example, the lemma go consists of go together with goes, going, went, and gone.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsLativeCase.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1324 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


letter

letter; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1889

Identifier: letter   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Letter.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1889 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


lexeme

lexeme; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1325

Identifier: lexeme   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Minimal unit of language which : has a semantic interpretation and embodies a distinct cultural concept.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsALexeme.htm
Note: In LMF, a lexeme is not a Lexical Entry. A lexeme is a pair (Lexical Entry / Sense).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1325 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


lexical type

lexical type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2175

Identifier: lexicalType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of an entry in a lexicon
Source:
Note: For instance, a word form in a lexicon may be sub-typed into inflection or composition

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2175 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


location

location; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2237

Identifier: location   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: position of something
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2237 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


logical and

logical and; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2190

Identifier: logicalAnd   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Logical operation that results in a value of true if all of its operands are true, otherwise a value of false
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2190 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


logical not

logical not; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2192

Identifier: logicalNot   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Logical unary operation that returns true when its operand is false, otherwise returns true
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2192 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


logical operator

logical operator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2208

Identifier: logicalOperator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of action that gives a value of true or false
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2208 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


logical or

logical or; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2191

Identifier: logicalOr   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: logical operation that results in a value of true if any of its operands is true, otherwise a value of false
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2191 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


logical value

logical value; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2209

Identifier: logicalValue   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a logical operation
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2209 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


macron

macron; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1327

Identifier: macron   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mark placed over a long vowel to mark quantity.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1327 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


main punctuation

main punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2075

Identifier: mainPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is more important than a secondary punctuation with regards to sentence splitting in a text.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2075 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


manner noun

manner noun; standardized name
manner noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3854

Identifier: mannerNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing a manner
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3854 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masdar

masdar; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2224

Identifier: masdar   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property that expresses a verbal idea under an abstract form.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2224 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


mediopassive voice

mediopassive voice; standardized name
mediopassive voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3850

Identifier: mediopassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice which subsumes both the middle voice and the passive voice
Source: WP

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3850 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


modal particle

modal particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1920

Identifier: modalParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle which functions as a modal.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1920 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


modification type

modification type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1931

Identifier: modificationType   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Refers to the prenominal or postnominal positions of determiners which distinguish different forms.
Source:
Note: For instance in Romanian.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1931 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


indifferent

indifferent; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1944

Identifier: indifferent   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Markup to express that there is not any pertinence.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1944 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


post modifier

post modifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1945

Identifier: postModifier   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Situation where the modifier is after the modified.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1945 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


premodifier

premodifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1943

Identifier: preModifier   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Situation where the modifier is before the modified.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1943 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


morpheme

morpheme; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1330

Identifier: morpheme   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a language.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAMorpheme.htm

Example: unladylike
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1330 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


morphological feature

morphological feature; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1425

Identifier: morphologicalFeature   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property attached to a given inflected form that usually permits to distinguish this form from the generic lemmatised form of the word.
Source:
Note: For instance, the inflected form "tables" has the morphological feature /grammatical number/ that is valued with /plural/ and so, permits to distinguish "tables" from "table".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1425 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


morphological unit id

morphological unit id; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5282

Identifier: morphologicalUnitId   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A unique identifier for the Morphological Unit A morphological unit can have more than one spelling variant or inflectional variant, thus it can be linked to more than one single lexical entry
Source: STO

Example: MU_ID: skade_1;
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5282 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


morphology (vernacular)

morphology (vernacular); admitted name
morphology (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
mr; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3738

Identifier: morphology_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Morphosyntax

Definition: Used to show the underlying morphemic structure for complex lexemes.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3738 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


mother type

mother type; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6776

Identifier: motherType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The type of the constituent that acts as the syntactic head of the constituent in question. See “syntactic head (DC-2248)”.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6776 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


named entity

named entity; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2275

Identifier: namedEntity   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: segment of text for which one or many rigid designators stands for the referent
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: usually named entities are located and classified into predefined types such as names of person, organizations, locations, expressions of times etc.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2275 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


native

native; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1871

Identifier: native   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the absence of transformation
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1871 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


negative

negative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1839

Identifier: negative   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: denotes the negation or the absence
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1839 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


negator

negator; admitted name
NEG; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4202

Identifier: negator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: element which negates another element.
Source: Robbert van Sluijs
Note: The negated element can be the whole sentence.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4202 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


nesting depth

nesting depth; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6777

Identifier: nestingDepth   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: the level at which a constituent occurs in a hierarchy.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6777 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


non spaced pinyin

non spaced pinyin; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1853

Identifier: nonSpacedPinyin   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Pinyin without any space characters
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. BEIYASHI

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1853 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


non-animate dual (vernacular)

non-animate dual (vernacular); admitted name
non-animate dual (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
4d; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3683

Identifier: non-animate_dual_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3683 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


non-animate plural (vernacular)

non-animate plural (vernacular); admitted name
non-animate plural (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
4p; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3684

Identifier: non-animate_plural_venacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3684 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


non-animate singular (vernacular)

non-animate singular (vernacular); admitted name
non-animate singular (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
4s; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3685

Identifier: non-animate_singular_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3685 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


notes (grammar)

notes (grammar); admitted name
notes (grammar); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
ng; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3727

Identifier: notes_grammar   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Morphosyntax, Language Codes

Example: For any grammar note pertinent to the lexeme that you want separate from general notes. Capitalization and punctuation should be used as needed.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3727 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


number

number; admitted name
GETAL; Source: CGN; data element name
NUMBER; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4916

Identifier: number   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of the number of entities involved as expressed by affixes or by suppletion. In case of pronouns this is reflected in the bare form of the pronoun used as it has to match the number of its antecedent.
Source: CGN

Example: bookS, womEn, Jan denkt er het ZIJNe van (Jan has HIS thoughts about it), Jan en de ZIJNen (Jan and HIS people)
Source: CGN

Explanation: It is the form of the word that is of importance, like a noun, not of the word referring to such an entity, i.e. when number is expressed in the tag of a pronoun, it is the antecedent that matters.
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4916 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


number

number; admitted name
getal; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4917

Identifier: number   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: underspecified specification used for pronouns where the number of referents (one or more) is not clear
Source: CGN

Example: your people, whose train
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4917 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plural

plural; admitted name
mv; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4919

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: number

Definition: word form indicating that more than one entity is involved, or, when applied to pronouns, that it refers to more than one entity
Source: CGN

Example: de huizen, hersenen,drie jaren, (hij is een van de) onzen - the houises, three years, brain, he is one of OUR prople
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4919 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular

singular; admitted name
ev; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4918

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: number

Definition: word form indicating that one entity is involved, or, when applied to pronouns, that this pronoun refers to one entity
Source: CGN

Example: het huis, ( Jan en de) zijnen, drie jaar, een bende boeken - the house, three year, lots of books, Jan and HIS people
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4918 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


number noun

number noun; standardized name
number noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3852

Identifier: numberNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing a number
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3852 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


number of noun

number of noun; admitted name
GETAL-N; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4913

Identifier: numberOfNoun   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication whether one or more nominal entities are described
Source: CGN

Explanation: applicable in a form-driven approach when nominally used parts of speech, like adjectives or verbs, are involved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4913 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


plural-n

plural-n; admitted name
mv-n; Source: CGN; data element name
meervoud-n; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4914

Identifier: pluralSuffix-N   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that several entities are described according to the plural suffix '(e)n' attached to the lemma
Source: CGN

Example: de armEN � the poor, de timideN � the shy people, Jan en de zijnEN (John and his people)
Source: CGN

Explanation: applicable in a form-driven approach when nominally used parts of speech, like adjectives or verbs, are involved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4914 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


unmarked plural

unmarked plural; admitted name
zonder-n; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4915

Identifier: noSuffix-N   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that one or more entities are involved, although a suffix '(e)n' indicating a plural is lacking
Source: CGN

Example: de langste is/zijn al verkocht (the largest is/are already sold)
Source: CGN

Explanation: applicable in a form-driven approach when nominally used parts of speech, like adjectives or verbs, are involved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4915 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


numeral MForm

numeral MForm; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1939

Identifier: numeralMForm   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral MForm.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1939 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral approximation

numeral approximation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1940

Identifier: numeralApprox   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric approximation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1940 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral both

numeral both; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1938

Identifier: numeralBoth   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric value for two.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1938 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral digit

numeral digit; standardized name
numeral written using digits; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1935

Identifier: numeralDigit   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed by Arabic digits.
Source: GF

Example: "1", "2", "3", "4", "1992"
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1935 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


numeral letter

numeral letter; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1937

Identifier: numeralLetter   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with letters.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1937 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral roman

numeral roman; standardized name
numeral written using roman numerals; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1936

Identifier: numeralRoman   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with roman digits.
Source: MAF

Example: "I", "II", "III", "IV", "V", "VI", "VII", "VIII", "IX", "X"
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1936 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


numerical value

numerical value; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2211

Identifier: numValue   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Numerical value to be interpreted in context.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2211 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


object person

object person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2279

Identifier: objectPerson   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: person for the object of the verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2279 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


officially approved

officially approved; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5284

Identifier: officiallyApproved   Type: complex/closed   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Officially approved e.g. by the Danish Language Council
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5284 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


once noun

once noun; standardized name
once noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3853

Identifier: onceNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun conveying the meaning that the action is performed once
Source: Sfax

Example: in Arabic: Darba (a stroke)
Source: Karlheinz Moerth

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3853 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open bracket

open bracket; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2082

Identifier: openBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: open punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is represented graphically as [
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2082 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open curly bracket

open curly bracket; standardized name
open curly bracket; Source: MAF; data element name
open curly brace; Source: UK usage; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2084

Identifier: openCurlyBracket   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: open punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is graphically represented as {
Source: MAF

Note: Suggested edit: Punctuation mark that is graphically represented as {.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2084 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


open punctuation

open punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2078

Identifier: openPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Beginning of a paired punctuation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2078 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


operation

operation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2179

Identifier: operation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Way something such as a principle or law works or has an effect
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2179 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


operator

operator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2235

Identifier: operator   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: action name that can be applied to any number of operands
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2235 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


order

order; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2356

Identifier: order   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A state in which all components or elements are arranged logically, comprehensibly, or naturally
Source: MAF

Explanation: Alternate definition: way things are arranged in relation to each other
Source: Old Syntax definition

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2356 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


orthography name

orthography name; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2176

Identifier: orthographyName   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Precision concerning the orthography
Source:
Note: For instance, an orthography name can be "arabic unpointed" or "arabic pointed"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2176 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


owned number

owned number; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1930

Identifier: ownedNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the number of the possessed thing.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1930 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner gender

owner gender; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1416

Identifier: ownerGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the gender of the person that ownes something.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1416 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


feminine

feminine; standardized name
feminine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: 247; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females.
Source: ISO12620
Note: In the languages where there is the notion of grammatical gender, the value /feminine/ is frequently attached to a word that has nothing to do with the natural gender. For instance, in French, "le tabouret" (masculine) vs "la chaise" (feminine) is purely idiomatic.

Example: fr: fille, mere
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1880 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


masculine

masculine; standardized name
masculine; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: 246; ISO 12620:1999; Source indicates synonymy with a DC defined for Terminology   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to males.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1883 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neuter

neuter; standardized name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: 248; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Although the noun Mädchen, a girl, ostensibly relates to a feminine entity, it is neuter based on the form of the word, since the diminutive ending "chen" reverts to neuter gender regardless of the concept to which the word refers.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1884 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner number

owner number; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1417

Identifier: ownerNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the number of the person that owns something.
Source: GF
Note: Useful for instance in French for pronouns, or in Hungarian for nouns.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1417 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


dual

dual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879

Identifier: dual   Type: simple   Origin: 254; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Form used in some languages to designate two persons or things.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1879 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


owner person

owner person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1929

Identifier: ownerPerson   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the person that ownes something.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1929 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288

Identifier: firstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: First person deixis is deictic reference that refers to the speaker, or both the speaker and referents grouped with the speaker
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFirstPersonDeixis.htm

Example: The following singular pronouns: - I - me - myself - my - mine The following plural pronouns: - we - us - ourselves - our - ours Am, the first person form of the verb be
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=finite ->4

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384

Identifier: secondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Second person deixis is deictic reference to a person or persons identified as addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsSecondPersonDeixis.htm

Example: Here are some examples of second person deixis: - you - yourself - yourselves - your - yours
Source: zeus.inalf.fr RACINE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402

Identifier: thirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Third person deixis is deictic reference to a referent(s) not identified as the speaker or addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsThirdPersonDeixis.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Here are some examples of items that express third person deixis: - he - she - they the third person singular verb suffix -s He sometimes flies.
Source: www.cusd.claremont.edu/~tkroll/inflection.html#ter

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


paradigm

paradigm; admitted name
paradigm; Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pd; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3736

Identifier: paradigm   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Used for specifying the noun or verb class, gender, or other paradigm set that the lexeme or headword is associated with. These classes are generally given labels or numbers to differentiate them. Use the Range Set feature for consistency.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3736 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigm form (vernacular)

paradigm form (vernacular); admitted name
paradigm form (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pdv; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3744

Identifier: paradigm_form_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular paradigm form specified by the label in the pdl field. Used mostly for irregular or incomplete paradigm sets.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3744 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigm form gloss (English)

paradigm form gloss (English); admitted name
paradigm form gloss (English); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pde; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3740

Identifier: paradigm_form_gloss_English   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Used for glossing the vernacular paradigm form in English.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3740 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigm form gloss (national)

paradigm form gloss (national); admitted name
paradigm form gloss (national); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pdn; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3742

Identifier: paradigm_form_gloss_national   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Used for glossing the vernacular paradigm form in the national language.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3742 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigm form gloss (regional)

paradigm form gloss (regional); admitted name
paradigm form gloss (regional); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pdr; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3743

Identifier: paradigm_form_gloss_regional   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Used for glossing the vernacular paradigm form in the regional language.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3743 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigm label (English)

paradigm label (English); admitted name
paradigm label (English); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pdl; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3741

Identifier: paradigm_label_English   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Metadata

Definition: Used to label the paradigm form given in the pdv field. This is useful for paradigm sets that are incomplete or irregular. Use a Range Set.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3741 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigmatic pronomial suffix

paradigmatic pronomial suffix; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6778

Identifier: paradigmaticPronomialSuffix   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: postcilitical personal/possessive pronoun
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: This is not the verbal ending, but a morpheme indicating a personal pronoun in the function of direct object of the verb.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6778 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigmatic root formation

paradigmatic root formation; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6779

Identifier: paradigmaticRootFormation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: verb morphology, distributed over the root consonants of a word
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: A property of Hebrew verbs.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6779 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigmatic univalent final

paradigmatic univalent final; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6780

Identifier: paradigmaticUnivalentFinal   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: single valued morphology at the end of a word.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: E.g.: locative, emphatic marker.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6780 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


paradigmatic verbal ending

paradigmatic verbal ending; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6781

Identifier: paradigmaticVerbalEnding   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: suffix according to verb morphology
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6781 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


part of speech

part of speech; standardized name
part of speech; Source: GP, ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1345

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Common in lexicograpy, terminology, other domains; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Term used to describe how a particular word is used in a sentence.
Source: http://web.archive.org/web/20110720045333/http://people.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1345 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ordinal adjective

ordinal adjective; standardized name
ordinal numeral; standardized name
ordinal numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1338

Identifier: ordinalAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective/numeral/number expressing a numeric ranking.
Source: GF

Example: en: "first", "second", "third", "fourth"
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "první" ("first"), "druhý" ("second"), "třetí" ("third"), "čtvrtý" ("fourth")
Source: DZ

Note: In some theories (e.g. standard Czech grammar) this is considered a subclass of numerals, not adjectives, although it follows adjectival inflection patterns (even in Czech) and behaves syntactically like adjectives.

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Language sections: English, Czech, French


participle adjective

participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1598

Identifier: participleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a verb.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


past participle adjective

past participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1596

Identifier: pastParticipleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: participle adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a past participle.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


present participle adjective

present participle adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1597

Identifier: presentParticipleAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: participle adjective

Definition: Adjective based on a present participle.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


possessive adjective

possessive adjective; preferred name
possessive adjective; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3017

Identifier: possessiveAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: An adjective derived from a noun and denoting possession by the object described by the noun.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "otcův" ("father's"; derived from "otec" = "father"), "matčin" ("mother's"; derived from "matka" = "mother")
Source: DZ

Explanation: Note that the possessive adjective is not the same as the genitive case of a noun, although one of the functions of the genitive is to express possession, too: "otec" (nom. sg.) -> "otce" (gen. sg.), "otců" (gen. pl.) "matka" (nom. sg.) -> "matky" (gen. sg.), "matek" (gen. pl.)
Source: DZ

Explanation: Note that the possessive adjective is not the same as the possessive pronoun/determiner because there is no anaphoric aspect in the possessive adjective. The possessive adjective directly describes the possessor while the possessive pronoun/determiner just refers to the possessor. possessive pronoun: "můj" ("my"/"mine"), "tvůj" ("your"/"yours"), "jeho" ("his"/"its"), "její" ("her"/"hers") etc. possessive adjective: "otcův" ("father's"; derived from "otec" = "father"), "matčin" ("mother's"; derived from "matka" = "mother")
Source: DZ

Note: In Czech, derivation of possessive adjectives is fairly productive. They can in theory be derived from any masculine or feminine noun (not from neuter). However, in practice they are typically only derived from masculine animate nouns (human beings, fairy tale characters, animals etc.) and feminine non-animal animate nouns (human beings, fairy tale characters). For these possessors, the possessive adjective is the preferred way of expressing possession. The possessive adjective also always means that the possessor is in singular. For plural possessors, inanimate or neuter-gender possessors, the noun in the genitive case is used. The genitive can also be used for the cases where possessive adjectives are used but it is usually considered poor style.

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Language sections: English, Czech


qualifier adjective

qualifier adjective; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1477

Identifier: qualifierAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective used to qualify.
Source: MAF
Note: This is the main class of adjective. For instance "nice".

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Language sections: English, French


adposition

adposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1231

Identifier: adposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that occurs before/inside/after a complement composed of a noun phrase, noun, pronoun or clause that functions as a noun phrase and forms a single structure with the complement to express its grammatical and semantic relation to another unit.
Source: Eagles
Note: Is a cover term for preposition, circumposition and postposition.

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Language sections: English, French


circumposition

circumposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1906

Identifier: circumposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition which consists of two parts which are positioned ahead and after the adpositional foci.
Source: Academic grammar of new Persian 2005
Note: New Persian circumpositions are classified as simple and genitival circumpositions.

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Language sections: English, French


postposition

postposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1360

Identifier: postposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition that appears at the end of the noun phrase.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Japanese: doko ni where at, doko e where to
Source:

Example: Korean: Hanguk e to Korea
Source:

Example: Hungarian: kutya nélkl dog without
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


preposition

preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1366

Identifier: preposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition placed at the beginning of a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: Usually, a preposition indicates position, direction, time or an abstract relation.

Example: into the woods
Source: www.atilf.fr AFFIXE

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Language sections: English, French


compound preposition

compound preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1934

Identifier: compoundPreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is a aggregation of words
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


fused preposition

fused preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1901

Identifier: fusedPreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is the result of a morphological merge from at least two words.
Source: gf
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


fused preposition determiner

fused preposition determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3010

Identifier: fusedPrepositionDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: fused preposition

Definition: word resulting from the aggregation of a proposition and a determiner
Source: MultextEast

Example: "du" => "de"+"le" in French, meaning "from the"
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


simple preposition

simple preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1900

Identifier: simplePreposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: preposition

Definition: Preposition that is a pure simple word in contrast with the notion of fused preposition.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


general adverb

general adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1435

Identifier: generalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adverb

Definition: Adverb belonging to the general class of adverbs
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


particle adverb

particle adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1917

Identifier: particleAdverb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adverb

Definition: Word that is both an adverb and a particle.
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


bullet

bullet; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1438

Identifier: bullet   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Sign used to mark an item in a list.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


conjunction

conjunction; standardized name
conjunction; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1260

Identifier: conjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that syntactically links words or constituents, and expresses a semantic relationship between them.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConjunction.htm
Note: A conjunction is positionally fixed relative to one or more of the elements related by it, thus distinguishing it from constituents such as English conjunctive adverbs.

Example: In English : Coordinating conjunctions : and, or, but Subordinating conjunctions : because , when, unless
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


coordinating conjunction

coordinating conjunction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1262

Identifier: coordinatingConjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: conjunction

Definition: Conjunction that links constituents.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACoordinatingConjunction.htm
Note: Usually the linked contituents are equal in rank and fulfill identical functions.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1262 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


subordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1393

Identifier: subordinatingConjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: conjunction

Definition: Conjunction that links constructions by making one of them a constituent of another. The subordinating conjunction typically marks the incorporated constituent.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASubordinatingConjunctio.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Listen when I speak to you
Source: www.hungarotips.com/hungarian/i/fonev1.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1393 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


determiner

determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1272

Identifier: determiner   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word or affix that belongs to a class of noun modifiers that expresses the reference, including quantity, of a noun.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsADeterminer.htm
Note: some theories use to call a determiner an "attributive pronoun"

Example: All these houses
Source: www.atilf.fr DERIVATION GRAMM. 2.b

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Language sections: English, French


article

article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1892

Identifier: article   Type: simple   Origin: English, for instance   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Term used in the grammatical classification of words referring to a subclass of determiners which displays a primary role in differentiating the uses of nouns.
Source: Crystal 2003

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Language sections: English, Czech, French


definite article

definite article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1430

Identifier: definiteArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article that allows the reference to a specific, identifiable entity (or class of entities).
Source: Crytal 2003
Note: It is usually contrasted with indefinite.

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Language sections: English, French


indefinite article

indefinite article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1308

Identifier: indefiniteArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article not capable of expressing identification.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1308 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


partitive article

partitive article; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1898

Identifier: partitiveArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article expressing a part or quantity.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance "some".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1898 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


demonstrative determiner

demonstrative determiner; standardized name
demonstrative adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1269

Identifier: demonstrativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner used to point to an entity in the situation or elsewhere in a sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003

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Language sections: English, French


exclamative determiner

exclamative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1284

Identifier: exclamativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner expressing an emotional utterance and marked with a strong intonation.
Source: Crystal 2003

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Language sections: English, French


indefinite determiner

indefinite determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1307

Identifier: indefiniteDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner not capable of identification.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


interrogative determiner

interrogative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1320

Identifier: interrogativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1320 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive determiner

possessive determiner; standardized name
possessive adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1357

Identifier: possessiveDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner that expresses ownership.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


reflexive determiner

reflexive determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1377

Identifier: reflexiveDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner that refers to the same entity.
Source: MAF

Example: The groundhog saw his own shadow
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1377 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


relative determiner

relative determiner; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1379

Identifier: relativeDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: Determiner related to a referent.   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: Determiner related to a referent.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


echo word

echo word; preferred name
ECH; Source: Hyderabad Dependency Treebank; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4210

Identifier: echo   Type: simple   Origin: Hyderabad Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: The word rhymes with a previous word but it is not identical to it and typically id does not have any meaning of its own. In Hindi it generalizes the meaning of the previous word and eventually translates as "or something", "etc." etc.
Source: Rupert Snell and Simon Weightman: Teach Yourself Hindi, Section 16.4 and 16.5, pages 210 – 211.

Example: hi: "चाय वाय" = "čāya vāya" = "tea or something" (as in "Have some tea or something."
Source: Rupert Snell and Simon Weightman: Teach Yourself Hindi, Section 16.4 and 16.5, pages 210 – 211.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4210 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


fused preposition pronoun

fused preposition pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3009

Identifier: fusedPrepositionPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word resulting from the aggregation of a preposition and a pronoun
Source: MultextEast

Example: "proň" => "pro"+"něj", in Czech, meaning "for"+"him"
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


interjection

interjection; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1318

Identifier: interjection   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word or sound that expresses an emotion.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: An interjection usually lacks grammatical connection.

Example: D'hoo !!!
Source: zeus.inalf.fr INTENSIF

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Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


common noun

common noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1256

Identifier: commonNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that signifies a non-specific member of a group.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACommonNoun.htm

Example: Planet, orange, and drum
Source: http://www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=common+noun

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1256 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


diminutive noun

diminutive noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2225

Identifier: diminutiveNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: diminutive noun
Source: MIRACL LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2225 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper noun; Source: GF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371

Identifier: properNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that is the name of a specific individual, place, or object.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProperNoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: New York City
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1371 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral

numeral; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1334

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that expresses a number or the relation to a number.
Source: GF
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, Czech, French


cardinal numeral

cardinal numeral; standardized name
cardinal numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3027

Identifier: cardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word denoting a number.
Source: DZ

Example: en: "one", "two", "three", "eleven", "twenty-two", "hundred", "thousand"
Source: DZ

Explanation: Cardinal numerals, as a subclass of numerals, contrast with ordinal numerals, multiplicative numerals, generic numerals etc. However, some theories prefer to classify the non-cardinals as adjectives, adverbs etc. rather than numerals.
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, Czech


generic numeral

generic numeral; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3022

Identifier: genericNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A numeral used to indicate the number of sets/kinds of objects.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "jedny", "dvoje", "dvojí", "čtvery", "čtvero"
Source: DZ

Explanation: cs: "jedny" is morphologically plural of "jeden" / "jedna" / "jedno" = "one". While the normal cardinal numeral (singular form) means that there was one object, the generic numeral (plural form) means there was one set/sort of such objects. Example: "jedna ponožka" = "one sock" vs. "jedny ponožky" = "one pair of socks". For numerical values higher than 1, the grammatical number is inherently plural but the form of the generic numeral diverges from the cardinal numeral. Example: "dvě ponožky" = "two socks" vs. "dvoje ponožky" = "two pairs of socks"; "čtyři ponožky" = "four socks" vs. "čtvery ponožky" = "four pairs of socks"; "troje dokumenty" = "three sets of documents". Generic numerals must be used with pluralia tantum instead of cardinal numerals. For instance, "dveře" = "door" is in Czech plurale tantum, therefore we must say "dvoje dveře", not "dvě dveře". Another type of generic numerals is exemplified in "sedmero krkavců" = "seven ravens". This type is a bit archaic and can be used in place of a normal cardinal number. Its behavior is closer to a noun with the "n-tuple" sense (although "seven-tuple" would be translated more directly as "sedmice", which is really considered a noun, not a numeral). Another type of generic numeral is exemplified in "dvojí" = "twofold".
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, Czech


indefinite cardinal numeral

indefinite cardinal numeral; preferred name
indefinite numeral; admitted name
indefinite numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3023

Identifier: indefiniteCardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word used to express imprecise quantity.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "několik" ("some"), "mnoho" ("many/much"), "málo" ("few"/"little"), "kdovíkolik" ("who knows how many")
Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags)

Explanation: Some Czech indefinite numerals are derived from interrogative numerals in the same way as indefinite pronouns are derived from interrogative ones: pronoun "kdo" ("who") -> "někdo" ("someone"); numeral "kolik" ("how many") -> "několik" ("some").
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, Czech


indefinite multiplicative numeral

indefinite multiplicative numeral; standardized name
indefinite multiplicative numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3024

Identifier: indefiniteMultiplicativeNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word indicating imprecise number of times something happened.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "několikrát" ("a few times"), "mnohokrát" ("many times"), "vícekrát" ("more times")
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

Explanation: Multiplicative numerals, including indefinites, behave syntactically as adverbs.
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, Czech


indefinite ordinal numeral

indefinite ordinal numeral; standardized name
indefinite numeral with adjectival declension; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3025

Identifier: indefiniteOrdinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word used to indicate imprecise rank of an object in a sequence.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "několikátý" ("umpteenth"): "Už je to několikátý případ." = lit. "Already is it umpteenth case." = "There have been more cases already."
Source: Lingea Lexicon 5 en-cs

Explanation: Ordinal numerals typically follow adjectival declension patterns and also their syntactic behavior is adjectival, hence in some theories they may be classified as adjectives or determiners.
Source: DZ

Note: In Prague Dependency Treebank 1.0, indefinite ordinal numerals are grouped together with other adjectival indefinite numerals, such as "nejeden" ("more than one"), which is indefinite cardinal numeral.

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Language sections: English, Czech


interrogative cardinal numeral

interrogative cardinal numeral; admitted name
numeral "kolik"; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3018

Identifier: interrogativeCardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: An interrogative/relative word used to ask about quantity.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "kolik" ("how many") Interrogative usage: "Kolik stojí kilo jablek?" = lit. "How-many costs kilo apples-gen?" = "How much does a kilo of apples cost?" Relative usage: "Nevím, kolik jablek sním." = lit. "I-do-not-know, how-many apples-gen I-will-eat." = "I don't know how many apples I'll eat."
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, Czech


interrogative multiplicative numeral

interrogative multiplicative numeral; admitted name
interrogative numeral "kolikrát"; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3021

Identifier: interrogativeMultiplicativeNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: An interrogative/relative word used to ask about the number of times something happened.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "kolikrát" ("how many times") Interrogative usage: "Kolikrát to musím opakovat?" = "How many times must I repeat it?" Relative usage: "Kolikrát se pokoušel, tolikrát selhal." = lit. "How-many-times himself he-tried, that-many-times he-failed." = "Each time he tried he failed."
Source: Lingea Lexicon 5 (en-cs)

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Language sections: English, Czech


interrogative ordinal numeral

interrogative ordinal numeral; admitted name
interrogative numeral "kolikátý"; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3019

Identifier: interrogativeOrdinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: An interrogative/relative word used to ask about numeric ranking.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "kolikátý" ("which", "of what rank") Interrogative usage: "Kolikátý den v týdnu je pondělí? První." = lit. "Which day in week is Monday? First." = "Which day of the week is Monday? The first one." Relative usage: "To číslo udává, na kolikátém kilometru dálnice se sjezd nachází." = lit. "The number indicates, on which kilometer of-freeway itself exit finds." = "The number indicates on which kilometer of the freeway is the exit."
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, Czech


multiplicative numeral

multiplicative numeral; admitted name
multiplicative definite numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3020

Identifier: multiplicativeNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word that expresses the number of times something happened.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "dvakrát" ("twice"), "pětkrát" ("five times"), "třistapětadevadesátkrát" ("three hundred ninety-five times")
Source: DZ

Explanation: Multiplicative numerals behave syntactically like adverbs. They modify verbs ("Řádný muslim se modlí pětkrát denně." = "A good Moslem prays five times a day.") or adjectives ("Byl třikrát ženatý." = lit. "He-was three-times married.")
Source: DZ

Note: The CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank, derived from the PDT 1.0, includes here also numerals "poprvé" ("for the first time") and "podruhé" ("the second time"). These numerals are semantically different from multiplicative numerals, although they share their adverbial syntactic behavior. They would be better described as adverbial ordinal numerals.

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Language sections: English, Czech


numeral fraction

numeral fraction; admitted name
numeral fraction; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3026

Identifier: numeralFraction   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Word used to denote the denominator of a fraction.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "třetina" ("one third"), "čtvrtina" ("quarter"), "desetina" ("one tenth"), "sedmdesátina" ("one seventieth"), "setina" ("one hundredth"), "milióntina" ("one millionth")
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

Explanation: Czech fractions behave morphologically as feminine nouns.
Source: DZ

Note: Note that cs:"sedmdesátiny" (plural of "sedmdesátina") is often interpreted as "the seventieth birthday" instead of plural of "one seventieth". The same applies to other numbers of important birthdays.

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Language sections: English, Czech


particle

particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1342

Identifier: particle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that does not belong to one of the main classes of words, is invariable in form, and typically has grammatical or pragmatic meaning.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAParticle.htm
Note: MAF

Example: up (in set up)
Source: MAR. Lex. 1951

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Language sections: English, French


affirmative particle

affirmative particle; standardized name
affirmative particle; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1918

Identifier: affirmativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express affirmation.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


comparative particle

comparative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1922

Identifier: comparativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to compare.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


conditional particle

conditional particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2230

Identifier: conditionalParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: conditional particule
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

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Language sections: English, French


coordination particle

coordination particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2227

Identifier: coordinationParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: particle for coordination
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

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Language sections: English, French


distinctive particle

distinctive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2228

Identifier: distinctiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: distinctive particle
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

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Language sections: English, French


future particle

future particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1919

Identifier: futureParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used in order to express future.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1919 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infinitive particle

infinitive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1896

Identifier: infinitiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express infinitive.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, this particle is "to" like in "to go".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1896 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative particle

interrogative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1921

Identifier: interrogativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1921 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


negative particle

negative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1894

Identifier: negativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express negation.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


possessive particle

possessive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1895

Identifier: possessiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle expressing ownship.
Source: MAF
Note: For instance, in English, the "'s" of the saxon genitive.

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Language sections: English, French


relative particle

relative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2229

Identifier: relativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: relative particle
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

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Language sections: English, French


superlative particle

superlative particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1923

Identifier: superlativeParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle expressing superlative degree. Superlative is the comparison between more than two entities and contrasts with comparative where only two entities are involved and positive where no comparison is implied.
Source: Crystal 2003

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Language sections: English, French


unclassified particle

unclassified particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1897

Identifier: unclassifiedParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle that is not covered by other sorts of particle definitions.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1897 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


prepositional adverb

prepositional adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3000

Identifier: prepositionalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: adverb which is very similar in its form to a preposition
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: unlike real preposition, they occur mainly at the end of a phrase and not before nouns. They also modify the verb, which a preposition does not.

Example: "to" in "I can do this if you want me to".
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


pronominal adverb

pronominal adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2998

Identifier: pronominalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: adverb formed in replacement of a preposition and a pronoun
Source:

Example: "for that" => "therefore "
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


pronoun

pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1370

Identifier: pronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word used in place of a noun or a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: In a lot of languages, a pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number, gender or/and case. Some theories use to call a pronoun a "substituting pronoun" to distinguish this term from "attributive pronoun"

Example: She
Source: www.atilf.fr PRONOMINAL B.

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Language sections: English, French


adverbial pronoun

adverbial pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3011

Identifier: adverbialPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Example: "il y va" in French where "y" stands for a location introduced by a preposition like "à" or "chez"
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


affixed personal pronoun

affixed personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2221

Identifier: affixedPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Personnal pronoun that is affixed, i.e. added as an affix to another word.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

Example: pl: "-ń" in "Czekam nań." = lit. "I-am-waiting for-him."
Source: Adam Przepiórkowski

Explanation: In Polish, there are 4 different forms of the 3rd person sg acc/gen personal pronoun: jego (possibly stressed, not after a preposition) go (never stressed, not after a preposition) niego (possibly stressed, only after a preposition) -ń (obviously never stressed, only after a preposition) So, for example, "I am waiting for him" could be in Polish: Czekam na niego. or: Czekam nań.
Source: Adam Przepiórkowski

Note: Whether pronoun affixes are tagged separately depends on tokenization scheme. If the inner boundary of e.g. the Polish "na|ń" is not recognized, the full word can be classified as "fused preposition pronoun".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2221 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


allusive pronoun

allusive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2223

Identifier: allusivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Unité de recherche LSCA SFAX / Tunisie   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that refers to something characterized by allusions.
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For example for Arabic.

Example: ar: "كَمْ" ("kam") = "how much", "كَيْتَ" ("kyt") = "in such a way"
Source: http://tagmatica.fr/publications/Aida_TALN2007_Final.pdf

Explanation: It is an invariable noun expressing a specific intention by means of unclear term.
Source: Aïda Khemakhem

Explanation: Allusive pronoun : it is an invariable pronoun expressing a specific intention by means of unclear term: كَمْ , كَأَيٍّ, كَذَا, كَيْتَ وَ ذَيْتَ, بِضْعُ وَفُلَان For « كَمْ » (kam), it has two different uses - It may be a interrogative pronoun: interrogative kam alludes to a number ignored by the questioner waiting for its designation : “ ? كَمْ طَالِبٍ جَاءَ » how many students have come ? - It may be a allusive pronoun: predicative kam alludes to an important number in order to inform about it, not to designate it: “! كَمْ طَالِبٍ جَاءَ » how many students have come! « ! كَمْ أُنَاسٍ » how many people !
Source: Aïda Khemakhem

Explanation: Here are some examples from two well known Arabic-English dictionaries. Unfortunately, I do not have an Arabic keyboard installed so I have to use transcriptions >From Hans Wehr - kam nahaituhu - how often I forbade him >From the Georgetown University Iraqi Arabic-English Dictionary - baas Saar `amra `ashr isniin, gam (= kam) yriid paysikil - He just turned ten, and here [how] he wants a bicycle gam (= kam) yurguS imnil-faraH [how] he jumped for joy
Source: Monte

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2223 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Arabic, French


collective pronoun

collective pronoun; preferred name
definite pronoun; admitted name
collective pronoun; Source: BulTreeBank; data element name
general pronoun; Source: Multext East V4; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3006

Identifier: collectivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: BulTreeBank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: A pronoun that refers to all elements of a set.
Source: DZ

Example: en: "everybody", "everyone", "everything", "every", "each", "all"
Source: DZ

Example: lv: "katrs" (every), "abi" (both), "visi" (everybody)
Source: Gunta Nešpore

Example: bg: "всеки" (vseki) = "everyone", "всякой" (vsjakoj) = "every", "всякакъв" (vsjakakăv) = "whatever", "всякъде" (vsjakăde) = "everywhere", "всякога" (vsjakoga) = "always", "всякак" (vsjakak) = "in every possible way", "всичкото" (vsičkoto) = "all"
Source: BulTreeBank

Example: sl: "vsak" = "everybody"
Source: Tomaž Erjavec, example of "general pronoun" from Multext East

Explanation: Collective pronouns contrast to free-selection indefinite pronouns such as "anybody", "anything" that refer to only one element, although freely selected from the whole set.
Source: DZ

Note: Some theories include collective pronouns in indefinite pronouns. In Multext East, they are called general pronouns, except for Russian, where they are called nonspecific pronouns. Traditional Latvian grammar calls them definite pronouns (Gunta Nešpore).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3006 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Latvian


conditional pronoun

conditional pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2222

Identifier: conditionalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: conditional pronoun
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For example for Arabic.

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Language sections: English, French


demonstrative pronoun

demonstrative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1270

Identifier: demonstrativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used to point to an entity in the situation or elsewhere in a sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1270 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


emphatic pronoun

emphatic pronoun; standardized name
emphatic pronoun; Source: Multext East; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1941

Identifier: emphaticPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: An emphatic pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used to emphasize its referent.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm

Example: fr: "Moi, je suis français." = "Me, I am French."
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm

Explanation: This is a term used in many gram. books. One can also come across it in descriptions of some Bantu languages. Very often it is used as a synonym of absolute pronoun. Cf. for example Clement M. Doke: Textbook of Zulu Grammar. 1968 (6th edition), p.89. Derek Gowlett: Zone S. In: The Bantu Languages. London, New York. Routledge 2003. p.625. Like many Bantu languages, isiZulu is a pro-drop language. When translating English/French/German pronouns into isiZulu we use class-markers which are prefixed to the verb. In addition, there exist so-called absolute pronouns, i.e. independent, self-standing pronouns which are not necessarily used emphatically or to express contrast. The difference between absolute pronouns and emphatic pronouns (which morphologically appear to be the same) is that the emphatic set of pronouns is used in addition to other class-markers that refer to the same subject/object. Two simple examples from Doke (p.89): Ngi-thanda bona. 1sg-love 3pl-abs_pron I like them. Mina ngi-khuluma iqiniso ... 1sg-emph_pron 1sg-speak truth As for me, I speak the truth ... By the way, in the SIL-glossary (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnEmphaticPronoun.htm) there is a definition and a nice French example: Def.: An emphatic pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used to emphasize its referent. Ex.: Moi, je suis français. ‘Me, I am French.’
Source: Karlheinz Moerth

Explanation: MAF definition: Pronoun marked to show its importance.
Source: MAF

Note: Suggestion: Use the original SIL definition with some modification: A personal pronoun used to emphasize its referent.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1941 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


exclamative pronoun

exclamative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1285

Identifier: exclamativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun marked with an emotional utterance and/or a strong intonation.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: For instance, looking at a nice picture our comment could be either "beautiful!" (simple exclamation) or "how beautiful!" (using "how" as an exclamative pronoun).
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

Explanation: Interrogative pronouns can be used exclamatively (see example). Thus, exclamative pronouns are sometimes considered part of interrogatives.
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

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Language sections: English, French


existential pronoun

existential pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3012

Identifier: existentialPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: pronoun that indicates the existence of something or someone
Source: gf

Example: "there" in the sentence "there is a dog"
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


fused pronoun auxiliary

fused pronoun auxiliary; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3008

Identifier: fusedPronounAuxiliary   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: word resulting from the aggregation of a pronoun and an auxiliary
Source: multextEast

Example: "tys" => "ty"+"jsi", in Czech, meaning "you"+"are"
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


impersonal pronoun

impersonal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1426

Identifier: impersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun lacking person referent.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: de: "man" as in "Man nennt das Pronomen." = lit. "One calls it pronoun." = "It is called pronoun."
Source: DZ

Explanation: The term "impersonal" does not mean "any pronoun but personal". It is rather a pronoun with a function and usage very close to personal pronouns but it does not refer to any particular person. It is close to indefinite pronouns that can refer to an unknown person. However, the usage of the German "man" is specific and different from the indefinite pronoun "jemand" ("somebody"). Constructions with "man" are typically translated using passive to other languages.
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, French


indefinite pronoun

indefinite pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1309

Identifier: indefinitePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that does not allow reference.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Anybody, somebody
Source: www.atilf.fr IMPERSONNEL Gramm.

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Language sections: English, French


interrogative pronoun

interrogative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1321

Identifier: interrogativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used to express a question.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


negative pronoun

negative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1925

Identifier: negativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used in a context of a negation or for expressing a negation.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


personal pronoun

personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1463

Identifier: personalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun referring a person.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


irreflexive personal pronoun

irreflexive personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3013

Identifier: irreflexivePersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: personal pronoun which is not reflexive
Source: STTS

Example: "ich" in German
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


reflexive personal pronoun

reflexive personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3014

Identifier: reflexivePersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: personal pronoun which is reflexive
Source: STTS

Example: "sich" in German
Source: STTS

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Language sections: English, French


strong personal pronoun

strong personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1390

Identifier: strongPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: Personal pronoun that can occupy the position after a preposition and/or reinforce a weak personal pronoun.
Source: Eagles
Note: String personal pronouns are in complementary distribution with weak personal pronouns. For instance, in French "toi" is stroong and "il is weak.

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Language sections: English, French


weak personal pronoun

weak personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1414

Identifier: weakPersonalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal pronoun

Definition: Personal pronoun that cannot occupy the position after a preposition and/or reinforce a strong personal pronoun.
Source: MAF
Note: Weak personal pronouns are in complementary distribution with strong personal pronouns. For instance, in French "toi" is stroong and "il is weak.

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Language sections: English, French


possessive pronoun

possessive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1359

Identifier: possessivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that expresses ownership and relationships like ownership, such as kinship, and other forms of association.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessivePronoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Mine
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessiveNoun.htm

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Language sections: English, French


possessive relative pronoun

possessive relative pronoun; admitted name
relative possessive pronoun; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3005

Identifier: possessiveRelativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: A relative pronoun whose antecedent is the possessor of the subject or object in the relative clause.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "jehož" as in "To je muž, jehož syna učím." = "This is the man whose son I teach."
Source: DZ

Note: Not to be confused with the genitive form of an interrogative/relative pronoun. Example (cs): interrogative/relative pronoun "který" = "which", genitive form "kterého" = "of which", interrogative usage: "Kterého z vás je toto auto?" = lit. "Which-genitive of you is this car?" = "Whom of you does this car belong to?", relative usage: "Nevím, kterého z nich je to auto." = lit. "I do-not-know, which-genitive of them is this car." = "I do not know whom of them the car belongs to."

Note: Not to be confused with interrogative/relative pronoun expressing possession by an unknown possessor. Example (cs): interrogative/relative pronoun "čí" = "whose", interrogative usage: "Čí je toto auto?" = lit. "Whose is this car?", relative usage: "Nevím, čí je to auto." = "I do not know whose car it is." In this case, the pronoun "čí" does not refer anaphorically to a particular noun phrase (possessor) in the main clause. Consequently, it does not need to agree in gender and number with the possessor. In contrast, a possessive relative pronoun directly refers to a noun phrase (possessor) and agrees with it in gender and number: "jehož" (masculine singular), "jejíž" (feminine singular), "jejichž" (plural) etc.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3005 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


presentative pronoun

presentative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3015

Identifier: presentativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: pronoun that identify the current locative or temporal situation
Source: MultextEast

Example: ex="ecco" in Italian or "voici" in French
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


reciprocal pronoun

reciprocal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1924

Identifier: reciprocalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun expressing mutual relationship.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance, the multiword expression "each other".

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1924 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive possessive pronoun

reflexive possessive pronoun; admitted name
reflexive possessive pronoun; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3001

Identifier: reflexivePossessivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: A possessive pronoun that refers to the subject as the possessor.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "své" as in "Martin mi půjčil své auto." = "Martin lent me his (own) car." This is in contrast to the non-reflexive possessive "jeho" in "Martin mi půjčil jeho auto." = "Martin lent me his (someone else's) car."
Source: DZ

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Language sections: English, Czech


relative pronoun

relative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380

Identifier: relativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, for example; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun which introduces a relative clause and refers to something that has been said before.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html + Canoonet
Note: Usually, the relative pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number and gender, while its case comes from its use in its own clause

Example: en: "whom" in "The man whom we saw is tall."
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1380 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


interrogative relative pronoun

interrogative relative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3016

Identifier: interrogativeRelativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: relative pronoun

Definition: pronoun which may act as a relative pronoun or an interrogative one
Source: STTS

Example: "warum" in German
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


punctuation

punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1372

Identifier: punctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Graphical mark used either at word level to indicate an abbreviation or at a text level to separate phrases or sentences.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1372 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reduplicative

reduplicative; preferred name
RDP; Source: Hyderabad Dependency Treebank; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4209

Identifier: reduplicative   Type: simple   Origin: Hyderabad Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: The word is a copy of a previous word. In Hindi, this would add the meaning of distribution ("one rupee each"), separation ("sit separately"), variety, diversity or just emphasis.
Source: Rupert Snell and Simon Weightman: Teach Yourself Hindi, Section 16.4 and 16.5, pages 210 – 211.

Example: hi: "कभी - कभी" = "kabhī - kabhī" = "sometimes", "कभी" = "kabhī"; "एक एक" = "eka eka" = "one each", "एक" = "eka" = "one"
Source: Rupert Snell and Simon Weightman: Teach Yourself Hindi, Section 16.4 and 16.5, pages 210 – 211.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4209 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


relation noun

relation noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2226

Identifier: relationNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: relation noun
Source: MIRACL & LSCA

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2226 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb

verb; standardized name
verb; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1424

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Element which, singly or in combination with other verbs is used as the minimal predicate of a sentence, co-occurring with a subject.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: If the predicate contains other elements (e.g. object, complement), then it is the verb which more than any other is the unit which influences the choice and extent of these elements. A verb (in many languages) expresses morphological features like tense, mood or person.

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Language sections: English, French


copula

copula; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1263

Identifier: copula   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Special word that combines the subject of a sentence and its description.
Source: www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/~ts/japanese/copula.html
Note: Copulas are often irregular in many languages. The English word "be" is a copula. It is the verb whose inflection is most irregular in English.

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Language sections: English, French


deficient verb

deficient verb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3007

Identifier: deficientVerb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: verb lacking certain morphosyntactic properties
Source: MIRACLE lab
Note: In traditional Arabic grammar, verbs can be categorized into the two basic classes: complete and deficient.

Example: In Arabic, there two subgroups "كَانَ وَ أَخَوَاتُهَا" kâna and its sisters ( أَصْبَحَ، أَمْسَى... ) and "كَادَ وَ أَخَوَاتُهَا" kâda and its sisters ( جَعَلَ، عَسَى... )
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


deponent verb

deponent verb; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5278

Identifier: deponentVerb   Type: simple   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: A verb with a passive morphology but functioning as an active verb.
Source: STO

Example: lykkes ‘succeed’.
Source:

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light verb

light verb; standardized name
support verb; admitted name
light verb; Source: http://www.panl10n.net/Presentations/Laos/RegionalConference/CorpusCollection/Tagset_and_Tagging_Urdu_Corpus.pdf; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3003

Identifier: lightVerb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: verb participating in a complex predication that has little semantic content of its own.
Source: wikipedia

Example: en: "take" in "I take a drive"
Source:

Example: ur: "کرنا" ("karnā") as in "صاف کرنا" ("şāf karnā") = lit. "clean make" = "clean"
Source: http://www.panl10n.net/Presentations/Laos/RegionalConference/CorpusCollection/Tagset_and_Tagging_Urdu_Corpus.pdf

Example: hi: "शुरू करना" ("śurū karnā") = lit. "beginning make" = "to begin"; "ख़त्म करना" ("xatm karnā") = lit. "finished make" = "to finish"; "बंद करना" ("band karnā") = lit. "closed make" = "to shut"; "साफ़ करना" ("sāf karnā") = lit. "clean make" = "to clean"
Source: Rupert Snell, Simon Weightman: Teach Yourself Hindi, Hodder Education, London, 2003, p. 93 (7.6)

Explanation: A light verb behaves similarly to a copula. In Hindi, copula constructions form the intransitive counterparts to the transitive conjunct verbs: "वह कमरा साफ़ करता है" ("vah kamrā sāf kartā hai") = lit. "he room clean do is" = "he cleans the room" (transitive) vs. "कमरा साफ़ होता है" ("kamrā sāf hotā hai") = lit. "room clean be is" = "the room is clean" (intransitive).
Source: Rupert Snell, Simon Weightman: Teach Yourself Hindi, Hodder Education, London, 2003, p. 93 (7.6)

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Language sections: English, French


main verb

main verb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1400

Identifier: mainVerb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Main verb in contrast to a modal or an auxiliary.
Source: MAF

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Language sections: English, French


modal

modal; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1329

Identifier: modal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Verb form that is usually used with another verb to express ideas such as possibilities, permission, or intention.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

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Language sections: English, French


plain verb

plain verb; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3004

Identifier: plainVerb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: verb which has its own semantics
Source:

Example: he drinks water
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


voice noun

voice noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2253

Identifier: voiceNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: noun of a voice
Source: MAF
Note: used in Arabic, to describe for instance, the voice of a cat, that is a murmur

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Language sections: English, French


part of speech (English)

part of speech (English); admitted name
part of speech (English); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
ps; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3748

Identifier: part_of_speech_English   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Classifies the part of speech. This must reflect the part of speech of the vernacular lexeme (not the national or English gloss). Consistent labeling is important; use the Range Set feature. Sense numbers are beneath ps in this hierarchy; don't mark different ps fields with sense numbers.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3748 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


part of speech (national)

part of speech (national); admitted name
part of speech (national); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pn; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3747

Identifier: part_of_speech_national   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography

Definition: Classifies the part of speech with labels found in national language dictionaries. If used, this comes after the ps field. Consistent labeling is important; use the Range Set feature.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3747 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


partOfSpeech

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5294

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5294 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; admitted name
ADJ; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4948

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word characterizing an independent entity like a noun or its equivalent, while it is not a word form of another part of speech
Source: CGN

Example: a BEAUTIFUL house, NICE cities. Not: a BROKEN window
Source: CGN

Explanation: In a form-driven approach: 'The broken window' 'broken ' is considered a form of a verb, not of an adjective
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4948 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


adposition

adposition; admitted name
VZ; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4953

Identifier: adposition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word occuring before/inside/after a complement composed of a noun phrase, noun, pronoun or their equivalent and thus becoming part of a larger word group, whereas in some languages the adpositions themself may also occur in isolation
Source: CGN

Example: BEFORE the break, its importance NOTWITHSTANDING, dat loopt na een paar maanden flink OP (that mounts up after a few months), dat is bij de beesten AF (that is beastly)
Source: CGN

Note: noun: DC-1333, pronoun: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4953 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


adverb

adverb; admitted name
BW; Source: CGN; data element name
ADV; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4955

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Usually uninflected word presenting further details (like degree, circumstances) with respect to an action expressed by for example a verb or an adjective
Source: CGN

Example: YESTERDAY she threw the ball over the fence, He did NOT fall, She threw the ball VERY far, An EXTRTEMELY big horse
Source: CGN

Explanation: In a form-driven approach the original form of a word counts, not its function. What in some tagsets may be considered an adverb, is considered an adjective (in free position) or a noun or another part of speech in such an approach.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4955 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


article

article; admitted name
LID; Source: CGN; data element name
ART; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4952

Identifier: article   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a word to be placed before a noun or its equivalent in order to indicate whether or not a specific member of a group is meant
Source: CGN

Example: the man, the girl, a child, a book
Source: CGN

Note: noun http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4909

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4952 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


conjunction

conjunction; admitted name
VG; Source: CGN; data element name
CONJ; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4954

Identifier: conjunction   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a word linking other words or word groups while it is not part of either of these
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4954 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


interjection

interjection; admitted name
TSW; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4970

Identifier: interjection   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: words that are usually used as stand-alone utterances, like onomatopoeia, expressions of emotions, terms of social exchange
Source: CGN

Example: cock-a-doodle-doo, miaow, ow, ouch, blast, hello. Not silence !, gone
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4970 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


noun

noun; admitted name
substantive; admitted name
N; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4909

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word that can be combined with a demonstrative pronoun, while it is not a word form of another part of speech
Source: CGN

Example: (a/that) MAN, (the/these) CHILDREN, (the/that) SAND, (the/that) DOVER ; not: (the/*these) poor
Source: CGN

Explanation: in a form-driven approach the original form of a word counts, not its function. In 'the poor are to make sure that �', 'poor' is considered a nominally used adjective with the prerequisite that the original meaning is preserved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4909 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


numeral

numeral; admitted name
TW; Source: CGN; data element name
NUM; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4950

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word expressing the amount or order of an+I62 independent unit (noun or other part of speech in nominal position), while forms for both types are available.
Source: CGN

Example: one, three, second, twelfth, hoeveel (how many). Not: anderhalf (one and a half), driekwart (three-quarter)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4950 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


pronoun

pronoun; admitted name
VNW; Source: CGN; data element name
PRON; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4951

Identifier: pronoun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word referring to an element in a text or outside a text, i.e. in the world outside. There exist, however, a few non-referring pronouns.
Source: CGN

Example: non-referring: it is raining
Source: CGN

Note: There exist, however, a few non-referring pronouns.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4951 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


punctuation

punctuation; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4972

Identifier: punctuation   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: graphical marker used to delimit and/or to structure (parts of) sentences, not words.
Source: CGN

Example: I will ! He bought a car, a red one. "What did he say?" Not: zo'n (such a), Jean-Pierre, 's avonds (at night), i.e.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4972 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


special sign

special sign; admitted name
SPEC; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4956

Identifier: specialSign   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a token neither being a word of the language under consideration nor a punctuation marker
Source: CGN

Example: a token that does not belong to the vocabulary of a specific language, nor to the interpunction
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4956 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


verb

verb; admitted name
WW; Source: CGN; data element name
V; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4949

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word that can be conjugated when combined with other words or groups of words in a sentence
Source: CGN

Example: They swim. John swims. He is swimming. The window was broken . The broken window.
Source: CGN

Explanation: In a form-driven approach: 'The broken window' 'broken ' is considered an form of a verb, nor of an adjective
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4949 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


passive form

passive form; standardized name
passive form; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3839

Identifier: passiveForm   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: passive form
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3839 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


passive verb

passive verb; standardized name
passive verb; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3840

Identifier: passiveVerb   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: passive verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3840 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


past perfect

past perfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1348

Identifier: pastPerfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Past perfect tense is an absolute-relative tense that refers to a time in the past relative to a reference point, which itself is in the past relative to the moment of utterance
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPastPerfectTense.htm
Note: MAF

Explanation: Alternate definition: denoting a tense of verbs used in relating past events where the action had already occurred at the time of the action of a main verb that is itself in a past tense. In English this is a compound tense formed with had plus the past participle Note that both definitions need cleaning up if one of them is to be considered in good form.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=past+perfect

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1348 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


pattern type

pattern type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2178

Identifier: patternType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Sub-type of a pattern class
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2178 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


perfect

perfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1351

Identifier: perfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A verb tense that refers to completed action in the past. It corresponds to three English tenses.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: She praised
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1351 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


person

person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1328

Identifier: person   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication of grammatical person (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) associated with a given inflected form.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1328 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288

Identifier: firstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: First person deixis is deictic reference that refers to the speaker, or both the speaker and referents grouped with the speaker
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFirstPersonDeixis.htm

Example: The following singular pronouns: - I - me - myself - my - mine The following plural pronouns: - we - us - ourselves - our - ours Am, the first person form of the verb be
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=finite ->4

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1288 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384

Identifier: secondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Second person deixis is deictic reference to a person or persons identified as addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsSecondPersonDeixis.htm

Example: Here are some examples of second person deixis: - you - yourself - yourselves - your - yours
Source: zeus.inalf.fr RACINE

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402

Identifier: thirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Third person deixis is deictic reference to a referent(s) not identified as the speaker or addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsThirdPersonDeixis.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Here are some examples of items that express third person deixis: - he - she - they the third person singular verb suffix -s He sometimes flies.
Source: www.cusd.claremont.edu/~tkroll/inflection.html#ter

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1402 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


person

person; admitted name
PERSOON; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4994

Identifier: person   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Feature concerning the referent of a pronoun
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4994 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


person

person; admitted name
person; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4995

Identifier: person   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: generic value for reciprocal pronomina whose antecedent can be of any person
Source: CGN

Example: Ze hebben MEKAAR gezien (They have seen each other)
Source: CGN

Note: person http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4994

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4995 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 1

person 1; admitted name
1; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4996

Identifier: person-1   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person

Definition: form indicating a 1st person referent
Source: CGN

Example: WE have seen each other
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4996 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 2

person 2; admitted name
2; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4997

Identifier: person-2   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person

Definition: neutral form as far as expressing politeness/ familiarity is concerned
Source: CGN

Example: GIJ moet niet zo onnozel doen (YOU shouldn't behave that foolish); ze kunnen U bijna niet verstaan (they can hardly understand YOU)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4997 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 2b

person 2b; admitted name
2b; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4999

Identifier: person-2b   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 2

Definition: form used when keeping a distance, 2nd person
Source: CGN

Example: U moet UZELF beschermen (you should protect yourself)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4999 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 2v

person 2v; admitted name
2v; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4998

Identifier: person-2v   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 2

Definition: form indicating a familiar relationship, 2nd person
Source: CGN

Example: JE moet JEZELF beschermen (you should protect yourself) , ik heb JOU daar gezien (I've seen YOU over there)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4998 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3

person 3; admitted name
3; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5000

Identifier: person-3   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person

Definition: neutral expression for 3rd person
Source: CGN

Example: HIS horse, HER child
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5000 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3o

person 3o; admitted name
3o; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5004

Identifier: person-3o   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3

Definition: form of pronoun which can only be combined with a word not referring to a person
Source: CGN

Example: WAT is er aan de hand? (What is going on?)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5004 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3p

person 3p; admitted name
3p; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5001

Identifier: person-3p   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3

Definition: form of pronoun which only is used to refer to a human
Source: CGN

Example: we hebben HEN gezien (we've seen THEM), EENIEDER is vertrokken (everyone has left)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5001 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3m

person 3m; admitted name
3m; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5003

Identifier: person-3m   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3p

Definition: form of pronoun which can only be combined with a word referring to a man (natural gender)
Source: CGN

Example: WIENS hoed is dit? (WHOSE hat is this?)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5003 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3v

person 3v; admitted name
3v; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5002

Identifier: person-3v   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3p

Definition: form of pronoun which can only be combined with a word referring to a woman (natural gender)
Source: CGN

Example: te HARER ere (in HER honour)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5002 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


phonetic form

phonetic form; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1837

Identifier: phoneticForm   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Representation of the spoken string of a form
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1837 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


phonetic operator

phonetic operator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1861

Identifier: phoneticOperator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of the modification of a spoken form
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1861 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


phonetic separator

phonetic separator; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1864

Identifier: phoneticSeparator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Spoken form to be inserted between two spoken forms
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1864 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


phrase atom relation

phrase atom relation; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6782

Identifier: phraseAtomRelation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: classification of uninterrupted parts of phrases based on their internal structure.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: When phrases are interrupted by material that is not part of that phrase, the uninterrupted parts are called phrase atoms. These atoms can be classified on the basis of the material they contain.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6782 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


phrase function

phrase function; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6784

Identifier: phraseFunction   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: grammatical function of a phrase in its clause.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Example: Object, Adjunct, Negation, Conjunction, Predicate
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6784 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


phrase relation

phrase relation; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6785

Identifier: phraseRelation   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: the way phrases are related to each other, or parts of phrases are related to each other.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6785 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


phrase-dependent part of speech

phrase-dependent part of speech; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6783

Identifier: phraseDependentPartOfSpeech   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: part of speech based on the function of the phrase it occurs in.
Source: Dirk Roorda

Example: “It acts as a go-between”. To go is a verb, but here it is used as a noun, testified by the indefinite article “a” before it. See also “part of speech (1345)”
Source: Dirk Roorda

Explanation: Sometimes a word which has one part of speech value assigned on the basis of morphology is used in a context that fits an other part of speech value.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6783 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


pinyin

pinyin; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1852

Identifier: pinyin   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Transcription of Chinese ideograms
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1852 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


place noun

place noun; standardized name
place noun; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3857

Identifier: placeNoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: noun expressing a location
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3857 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pluperfect

pluperfect; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1353

Identifier: pluperfect   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A verb tense that refers to action or state of being completed before some other event in the past. Its translation into English requires the use of the auxiliariy verb had.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: They had praised
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1353 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


plural form (vernacular)

plural form (vernacular); admitted name
plural form (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
pl; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3746

Identifier: plural_form_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: This is a special paradigm field used to give the plural form of the lexeme. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3746 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


plural type

plural type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2232

Identifier: pluralType   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: type of plural
Source: MAF
Note: For instance, brokenPlural for Arabic

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


position

position; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2183

Identifier: position   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Place where something is needed or supposed to be
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2183 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


position

position; admitted name
POSITIE; Source: CGN; data element name
POSITION; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4939

Identifier: position   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: the location with respect to the head of a word group at which a word is realized
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4939 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


nominal

nominal; admitted name
nom; Source: CGN; data element name
hier positie, ittt 3337: functie; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4941

Identifier: nominalPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word that is not a noun appears at a position where a noun is expected while the whole functions as a noun phrase
Source: CGN

Example: The POOR were against that decision.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4941 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


postnominal

postnominal; admitted name
postnom; Source: CGN; data element name
mod nazien; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4942

Identifier: postnominalPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is realized at the right of a noun or its equivalent while being part of the same word group
Source: CGN

Example: something nice
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4942 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


predicative or adverbial position

predicative or adverbial position; admitted name
free; admitted name
vrij; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4943

Identifier: predicativeAdverbialPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is realized at the position meant for the nonverbal part of a predicate or that of an adverb
Source: CGN

Example: he is STRONG, that day they slept a little bit LONGER
Source: CGN

Note: predicate: DC-2315, bijwoord: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4955 or equivalent, position http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4943 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


prenominal

prenominal; admitted name
prenom; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4940

Identifier: prenominalPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is realized at the left of a noun or its equivalent while being part of the same word group
Source: CGN

Example: a NICE day
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4940 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


possible

possible; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1865

Identifier: possible   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that denotes a linguistic situation considered as being correct in the given language
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1865 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


prefix

prefix; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1365

Identifier: prefix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix added before a word to change its meaning or part of speech.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Usually, in English, adding a prefix does not change the part of speech, in contrast with adding a suffix.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1365 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


preverbalParticleLmf

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1455

Identifier: preverbalParticleLmf   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1455 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: French

Data type: string


pronominal

pronominal; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1369

Identifier: pronominal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronominal is a phrase that functions as a pronoun
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPronominal.htm
Note: MAF

Example: That's not the one I wanted
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prolative_case

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1369 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pseudopassive voice

pseudopassive voice; standardized name
pseudopassive voice; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3851

Identifier: pseudopassiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice in a specify passive construction (different from the regular passive) where the patient is the syntactic subject and agent is the syntactic object
Source: WP

Example: Ancient Egyptians had their cats respected
Source: WP

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3851 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


punctuation

punctuation; admitted name
PU; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4208

Identifier: punctuation   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: points or other small marks in texts, which aid interpretation, divide a text into sentences, clauses, etc.
Source: Oxford English Dictionary.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4208 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


qualifier

qualifier; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1373

Identifier: qualifier   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Also called MODIFIER : A word or phrase that qualifies the sense of another word; for example, the noun alarm is a modifier of clock in "alarm clock" and the phrase every day is an adverbial modifier of walks in "he walks every day"
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=modifier
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1373 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


question word

question word; admitted name
Q; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4205

Identifier: questionWord   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A proform that is used in questions to stand for the item questioned.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOflinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnInterrogativeProForm.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4205 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


quotative

quotative; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1375

Identifier: quotative   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The Quotative modality is used when the speakers evidence is based on second hand information.
Source: www.graywizard.net/Conlinguistics/amman_iar/ai_auxiliary_verb.htm#quotative/hearsay
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1375 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


quote

quote; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2081

Identifier: quote   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: unclassified punctuation

Definition: Punctuation usually used to surround a quotation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2081 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


rank

rank; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1862

Identifier: rank   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Reference to one specific element in an ordered list of elements
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1862 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


reciprocal voice

reciprocal voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3841

Identifier: reciprocalVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice for a construction where the semantic subject and object perform the verbal action to each other
Source:

Example: John and Mary cut each other's hair
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3841 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reduplication

reduplication; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2346

Identifier: reduplication   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: process to modify the sense of a word by some operations to repeat the sound of a word.
Source:
Note: Reduplication may be found in many Asian languages such as Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Maly, or Bangla. The operation works on each syllable (or character) of the word.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2346 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


reduplication

reduplication; admitted name
REDUP; Source: NEHOL; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4191

Identifier: reduplication   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The process of creating through the repetition of a word another single word with a different meaning and/or a different categorial status.
Source: based on Kouwenberg (2003)

Example: vroe "early", vroevroe "morning".
Source: Sørensen & Bakker 2003: 267.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4191 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


reduplication form(s) (vernacular)

reduplication form(s) (vernacular); admitted name
reduplication form(s) (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
rd; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3749

Identifier: reduplication_forms_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: A repository for reduplication forms for later study (these forms should be moved to subentries, etc. as more is known about them).
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3749 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


reduplication function

reduplication function; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2241

Identifier: reduplicationFunction   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: role of the reduplication
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2241 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


reduplication type

reduplication type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2240

Identifier: reduplicationType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: type of reduplication
Source:
Note: For Thai for instance

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2240 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


ref

ref; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2352

Identifier: ref   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: Morphosyntax, undecided

Definition: reference to another description
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2352 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


referent type

referent type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1376

Identifier: referentType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of concrete object or concept (the referent) that an expression represents (the reference).
Source: DFKI
Note: Used to distinguish reflexive personal from reflexive possessive pronouns in the Slavic languages. In bulgarian, it also describes a subdivision on the basis os semantic features which have effect on the morpho-syntactic paradigm.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1376 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


personal

personal; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1946

Identifier: personal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property that refers to the person.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1946 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive

possessive; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1355

Identifier: possessive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Relative to the possession or association.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=possessive
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1355 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive voice

reflexive voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3842

Identifier: reflexiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: voice for a construction where the semantic agent and patient are the same
Source:

Example: she threw herself to the floor
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3842 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexivity

reflexivity; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5286

Identifier: reflexivity   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A feature that indicates if a pronoun is reflexive or non-reflexive
Source: STO

Example: Examples in Danish: reflexivity= yes: sig (himself, herself, itself, themselves), sin(its, his, her, their) reflexivity=no: ham(him), hende(her), dem(them)
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5286 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unspecified

unspecified; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1908

Identifier: unspecified   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the absence of specification.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1908 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


register

register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1988

Identifier: register   Type: complex/closed   Origin: 423   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Classification indicating the relative level of language individually assigned to a lexeme or term or to a text type.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: In some regions and terminology management environments (for instance, family-planning medicine), the categorization of terms according to register can be critical.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1988 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


bench-level register

bench-level register; standardized name
shop term; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1989

Identifier: benchLevelRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Register of terms used in applications-oriented as opposed to theoretical or academic levels of language.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1989 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


dialect register

dialect register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1990

Identifier: dialectRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Register that is specific to a dialect.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1990 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


facetious register

facetious register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1991

Identifier: facetiousRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Register related to an expression that is intended to be clever and funny but that is really silly and annoying.
Source: Longma DCE
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1991 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


formal register

formal register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1992

Identifier: formalRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Formal register.
Source: 12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1992 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


in house register

in house register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1993

Identifier: inHouseRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 426   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Register of terms that are company-specific and not readily recognized outside this environment.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: In-house terminology is not necessarily equivalent to bench-level terminology, inasmuch as the former can thrive at very high levels of research and development. In-house terminology is frequently the source of new technical terminology that eventually gains widespread acceptance on a broader scale.
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1993 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ironic register

ironic register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1994

Identifier: ironicRegister   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Register for irony.
Source: 12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1994 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neutral register

neutral register; standardized name
standard register; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1999

Identifier: neutralRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 424   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: The register appropriate to general texts or discourse.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1999 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


slang register

slang register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1995

Identifier: slangRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 428   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: An extremely informal register of a word, term, or text that is used in spoken and everyday language and less commonly in documents.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1995 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


taboo register

taboo register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1996

Identifier: tabooRegister   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Register that expresses a situation that people avoid because it is extremely offensive or embarrassing.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1996 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


technical register

technical register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1997

Identifier: technicalRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 425   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: The register appropriate to scientific texts or special languages.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1997 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


vulgar register

vulgar register; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1998

Identifier: vulgarRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 429   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Register of a term or text type that can be characterized as profane or socially unacceptable.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Note: Although vulgar register is avoided in formal technical terminology, languages with broad distribution such as English or Spanish can require the documentation of problematic terms that vary in register from region to region.
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1998 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


remove

remove; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2094

Identifier: remove   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that remover N characters at position X.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2094 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


remove after

remove after; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1830

Identifier: removeAfter   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: remove N characters from the right
Source:
Note: ex: in French, "chanter" => "chante"

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1830 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


remove before

remove before; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1834

Identifier: removeBefore   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that removes N characters from the left
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1834 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


required

required; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2239

Identifier: required   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property concerning something that is mandatory
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2239 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


residual

residual; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1382

Identifier: residual   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The residual value is assigned to classes of textword which lie outside the traditionally accepted range of grammatical classes, although they occur quite commonly in many texts.
Source: www.ilc.cnr.it/EAGLES96/annotate/node16.html#cmobli
Note: For example: foreign words, or mathematical formulae. It can be argued that these are on the fringes of the grammar or lexicon of the language in which the text is written. Nevertheless, they need to be tagged.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1382 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


restriction

restriction; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1956

Identifier: restriction   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: General purpose additional specification for a given type of limitation.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1956 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


right environment

right environment; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2195

Identifier: rightEnvironment   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Right side from a particular point
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2195 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


romanization

romanization; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1873

Identifier: romanization   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Transcription or transliteration from non-Latin script into Latin script.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1873 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


root

root; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2231

Identifier: root   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: base of a word
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For Semitic languages, the root comprises 3, 4 or 5 consonants.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2231 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


rule

rule; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2180

Identifier: rule   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: instruction that states how things are done or allowed
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2180 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


scheme

scheme; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2174

Identifier: scheme   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Pattern for word creation
Source:
Note: To be used for root based languages like Arabic

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2174 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


scope

scope; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2196

Identifier: scope   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Set of situations where a given property is valid
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2196 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


script

script; preferred name
script; Source: ISO 15924; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1855

Identifier: script   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 15924   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Set of graphic characters used for the written form of one or more languages.
Source: ISO-IEC 10646-1, 4.14
Note: MAF

Note: A collection of letters and other written signs used to represent textual information in one or more writing systems. [UNICODE definition; review for harmonization]

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1855 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


script coding

script coding; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2091

Identifier: scriptCoding   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Designation of the standard used to code the script.
Source:
Note: For instance, ISO-15924.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2091 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


second dual (vernacular)

second dual (vernacular); admitted name
second dual (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
2d; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3677

Identifier: second_dual_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3677 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


second plural (vernacular)

second plural (vernacular); admitted name
second plural (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
2p; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3678

Identifier: second_plural_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3678 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


second singular (vernacular)

second singular (vernacular); admitted name
second singular (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
2s; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3679

Identifier: second_singular_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3679 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


secondary punctuation

secondary punctuation; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2076

Identifier: secondaryPunctuation   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: punctuation

Definition: Punctuation that is not very important with regards to sentence splitting in a text.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2076 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


sequence number in parent

sequence number in parent; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6786

Identifier: seqNumberInParent   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: sequence number of a constituent within a parent constituent.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6786 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


singular form (vernacular)

singular form (vernacular); admitted name
singular form (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
sg; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3757

Identifier: singular_form_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: This is a special paradigm field used to give the singular form of the lexeme. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3757 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


sound

sound; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2250

Identifier: sound   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: pronunciation that is on a record
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2250 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


source

source; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1968

Identifier: source   Type: complex/open   Origin: 471   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: A complete citation of the bibliographic information pertaining to a document or other resource.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: For instance, a standard number would constitute a complete bibliographic citation, or the complete documentation might be included in a term entry. In electronic database management environments, inclusion of each entire bibliographical source in each terminological entry can lead to the presence of redundant data within a collection.
Source: TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1968 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


space

space; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2189

Identifier: space   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Empty area between words, lines or columns
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2189 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


spaced pinyin and tone

spaced pinyin and tone; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1854

Identifier: spacedPinyinAndTone   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Pinyin with space and tone
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. BEI4 YA1 SHI4

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1854 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


special sign

special sign; admitted name
SPEC; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5030

Identifier: SPECTYPE   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: characterization of tokens for various reasons not belonging to either the words of a specific language or the punctuation markers used in that language
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5030 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


abbreviation

abbreviation; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5036

Identifier: abbreviation   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word resulted by leaving out characters of a longer word or words, keeping the original meaning, while the resulting word is not considered a proper noun nor behaves as a common noun
Source: CGN

Example: etc., i.e., e.g., abbr.; not: NATO, IBM, EU, DVDs
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5036 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


broken off

broken off; admitted name
afgebr; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5031

Identifier: brokenOff   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is not fully realized
Source: CGN

Example: a) Face-to uh face-to-face conversation; face-to-face con..., b) Dutch: in- en uitvoer (import and export)
Source: CGN

Explanation: .
Source: CGN

Note: especially occurring in spoken language corpora

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5031 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


comment

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5296

Identifier: comment   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5296 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


foreign

foreign; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5033

Identifier: foreign   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a token or word does not belong to the language under consideration, either because it belongs to an older or newer phase of that language, or to another language while that word has not been incorporated by the language under consideration from a morpho-syntactical point of view
Source: CGN

Example: thou, ye; he said: �Je suis malade� (he said;"I am ill"); not: croissant, springbok
Source: CGN

Explanation: Springbok' has a plural 'springboks' whereas in the original language (Afrikaans) the plural is 'springbokke'
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5033 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


incomprehensible

incomprehensible; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5032

Identifier: incomprehensible   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word could not be understood
Source: CGN

Example: Jeremy xxx
Source: CGN

Explanation: aanduiding dat een woord niet kon worden verstaan
Source: CGN

Note: especially occurring in spoken language corpora

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5032 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


noise

noise; admitted name
achter; Source: CGN; data element name
noise; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5035

Identifier: background   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: remark with respect to sounds not belonging to a resource as such
Source: CGN

Example: �books are falling on the floor�
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5035 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


part of proper noun

part of proper noun; admitted name
deeleigen; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4912

Identifier: partOfProperNoun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: separate part of string of words denoting single objects
Source: CGN

Example: "New" "York", "Isle" "of" "Man", "Steve" "Jobs". Not: Guinea-Bissau
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4912 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


symbol

symbol; admitted name
symb; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5037

Identifier: symbol   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a token expresses a formula, contains (or exists of) elements that do not belong to the alphabet under consideration while these are not abbreviations or proper nouns
Source: CGN

Example: %,=, NaCl, isocat@mpi.nl, :( , #BBC, but not the names of political parties, companies like C&A, YourM&S, Q8
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5037 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


use-mention distinction

use-mention distinction; admitted name
meta; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5034

Identifier: meta   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is mentioned in a sentence while it does not refer to the world outside the text
Source: CGN

Example: The teacher said:"the word 'the' is an article"
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5034 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


spelling variant

spelling variant; admitted name
spelling variant; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5612

Identifier: spellingVariant   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A different spelling of a word
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5612 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


status constructus

status constructus; standardized name
construct state; admitted name
status constructus; Source: Karlheinz Moerth; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2997

Identifier: statusConstructus   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: morphological form of the nominal head of noun+noun-phrases which in spite of a missing determiner (article) is invariably understood as semantically determined.
Source: Karlheinz Moerth

Note: In particular in Semitic and Berber languages. The construct state is one ot the three states of noun in Arabic, the other two being the status absolutus (indefinte) and the status emphaticus (definite).

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2997 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


status of realization

status of realization; admitted name
STATUS; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5005

Identifier: status   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Characteristic of pronomina and possessive determiners expressing features concerning their realization
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5005 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


full realization

full realization; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5006

Identifier: fullStatus   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronomen or possessive determiner neutrally realized
Source: CGN

Example: ik (I), wij (we), zijn (his)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5006 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


reduced realization

reduced realization; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5007

Identifier: reducedStatus   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronomen or possessive determiner realized in a less prominent way (via suppletion)
Source: CGN

Example: "'k" instead of "ik" (I), "we" instead of "wij", "z'n" instead of "zijn" (his)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5007 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


stressed

stressed; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5008

Identifier: stressedStatus   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronomen or possessive determiner realized with stress, for example by adding an affix
Source: CGN

Example: ikZELF , meZELF, ikKE (mySELF)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5008 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


stem

stem; standardized name
base; admitted name
root; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1389

Identifier: stem   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Root of a word, together with any derivational affixes, to which inflectional affixes are added.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAStem.htm

Example: The verbs tie and untie are both stems
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAStem.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1389 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


stem rank

stem rank; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2186

Identifier: stemRank   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Rank of a stem
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2186 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


strictness

strictness; standardized name
strictness; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5587

Identifier: strictness   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: property to obey rules in an exact manner
Source: Longman dictionary of contemporary English

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-5587 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


string value

string value; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2182

Identifier: stringValue   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Character string to be interpreted in context
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2182 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


subentry (vernacular)

subentry (vernacular); admitted name
subentry (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
se; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3756

Identifier: subentry_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Morphosyntax, Language Codes

Definition: Like the lx field except it occurs within the record, marking a word (or phrase) as a form derived from the root. Following this marker would be all the fields that comprise a typical lexical entry. There can be several of these subentries within a record. Subentries can have multiple senses (in this hierarchy).
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3756 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


subject person

subject person; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2278

Identifier: subjectPerson   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: person for the subject of the verb
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-2278 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


subphrase relation type

subphrase relation type; preferred name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6788

Identifier: subphraseRelationType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Nature of the relationship between a subphrase and the constituent it is dependent on.
Source: Dirk Roorda

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-6788 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


substantive adjective

substantive adjective; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1394

Identifier: substantiveAdjective   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An adjective that modifies an implied, but not expressed, noun. When translating such an adjective into English, you must supply the missing noun.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1394 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


substitute

substitute; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1832

Identifier: substitute   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that replaces N characters at position X by a string
Source: MAF
Note: e.g. in English, the internal plural of "foot" will give "feet" by means of a substitution of 2 characters inside the lemmatised form.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1832 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


suffix

suffix; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1395

Identifier: suffix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix added at the end of the word to change its meaning or part of speech.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Usually in English, adding a suffix change the part of speech, in contrast with adding a prefix.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1395 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


supine

supine; admitted name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1397

Identifier: supine   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The supine form of the verb in Swedish is used with the auxiliary verb ha (`to have') to form the perfective. The supine form is easy to spot a verb form that always ends with a t.
Source: www-linguistics.stanford.edu/linguistics/semgroup/archive/1999/sf_sells.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1397 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


symbol

symbol; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1398

Identifier: symbol   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A non-splittable sequence of letters, numbers or signs that represents a particular meaning.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. Fe is the chemical symbol for iron.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1398 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: French

Data type: string


syntactic type

syntactic type; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1948

Identifier: syntacticType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of part of speech.
Source: Multext-East
Note: For instance, syntacticType is used to distinguish the nominal and adjectival function of pronouns in Slovene and Czech.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1948 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


table (vernacular)

table (vernacular); admitted name
table (vernacular); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
tb; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3762

Identifier: table_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Morphosyntax, Language Codes

Definition: This field allows for a table or tabulated information to be added to the dictionary.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3762 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


tense

tense; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1286

Identifier: grammaticalTense   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property referring to the way the grammar marks the time at which the action denoted by the verb took place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is no easily stateable relationship between tense and time. Tense forms can be used to signal meanings other than temporal ones. For instance, in English, the past tense "knew" in "I wish I knew" means a tentative meaning not past time.

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1286 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


future

future; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291

Identifier: future   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the future.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: I will praise
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFocus.htm

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1291 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


imperfect

imperfect; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1304

Identifier: imperfect   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that refers to action in the past that is incomplete or ongoing.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: It is translated into English with the auxiliary was, were, or alternatively with other formulae.

Example: She was praising
Source:

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1304 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


past

past; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1347

Identifier: past   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Past tense is an absolute tense that refers to a time before the moment of utterance.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPastTense.htm
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1347 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


present

present; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1367

Identifier: present   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the present.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: He praises
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1367 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


text

text; standardized name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1847

Identifier: text   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Series of sentences expressed in a natural language.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-1847 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


text corpus

text corpus; preferred name
corpus; admitted name
text corpus; Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7; data element name
corpus; Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4046

Identifier: textCorpus   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 1087-2, 2.7   Profiles: Metadata, Terminology, Morphosyntax, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Lexical Semantics, Dialogue Acts, Translation

Definition: A systematic collection of machine-readable texts or parts of text prepared, coded and stored according to predefined rules.
Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7

Explanation: A text corpus may be limited according to aspects of subject fields, size or time, e.g. mathematical texts, certain periodicals from 1986 onwards. It is used as source material for further linguistic analysis or terminology work.
Source: ISO 1087-2, 2.7

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-4046 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


third dual (vernacular)

third dual (vernacular); admitted name
third dual (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
3d; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3680

Identifier: third_dual_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3680 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


third plural (vernacular)

third plural (vernacular); admitted name
third plural (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
3p; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.datcatinfo.net/datcat/DC-3681

Identifier: third_plural_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax, Lexicography, Language Codes

Definition: Used to give the vernacular for this particular paradigm form. (It is better to use the pdl field set for this.)
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html